2Essential Learning: I can explain what a rock is. Tell me what you know and what you want to know about rocks!!! Come up with at least 5 things!!!Cannot fill in yet.KWhat you Know.WWhat you want to Know.LWhat you Learned.
3Essential Learning: I can explain what a rock is. Rock- is a naturally formed solid that is usually made up of one or more types of minerals.Three types of rocks:1. Igneous2. Sedimentary3. Metamorphic
4Essential Learning: I can identify the three different types of rocks. Igneous rocks: forms when molten rock (magma/lava) cools and becomes solid.Sedimentary rocks: forms when pieces of older rocks, plants, and other loose materials get pressed or cemented together.Metamorphic rocks: formed when heat or pressure causes older rocks to change into new types of rocks.Rock Cycle: is the set of natural process that form, change, break down, and re-form rocks.“What’s a Rock?”
5Essential Learning: I can identify the three different types of rocks. Goto your lab table. In each of the tubs, try to identify the rock type: Do this for samples 1-7. Write this in your notebook1. Write the name down of the sample.2. Do you see crystals or no crystals?3. Do you see sediment, large or small or no sediment?4. Do you see fossils?5. Do you see bands or lines in the sample? Different colors?6. Do you think it is Igneous, Sedimentary or Metamorphic?Why do you think this?
6Essential Learning: I can explain the rock cycle. Igneous rocksSedimentary rocksMetamorphic rocksSedimentWeathering/erosionCompaction/cementationMagmaMeltingCooling/crystallizingHeat and pressureRock CycleBlueRedGreenyellowpurple
7Essential Learning: I can explain how the rock cycle works and how it has no end.
8I can identify different rock types. Essential Learning:I can identify different rock types.On page 80 answer questions 1-6. Put these in your notebook. You need to finish during class. Focus and get it done.1. How are rocks and minerals different?2. What are the three types of rocks?3. Which rock types are most common within Earth’s crust? Which type is most common at Earth’s surface?4. Why is the set of natural processes by which rocks change into other types of rocks called a cycle?5. Which type of rock would you expect to be common on the floor of a large, deep lake? Why?6. Draw a diagram showing how an igneous rock could change into a metamorphic rock and how a metamorphic rock could change into a sedimentary rock.
9Use all of the terms all of these terms in summary. Essential Learning: I can explain how the rock cycle works and how it has no end.Crayon LabUse all of the terms all of these terms in summary.Explain how your crayon changed from one rock type to another and how the rock cycle can and will continue forever and ever and ever and ever and ever.Igneous rocksSedimentary rocksMetamorphic rocksSedimentWeathering/erosionCompaction/cementationMagmaMeltingCooling/crystallizingHeat and pressure
10Essential Learning: I can explain how IGNEOUS rocks form. IGNEOUS ROCK (Latin) “From Fire”Igneous rocks: forms when molten rock cools and becomes solid. (solidifies)Form from Magma or Lava.
11Essential Learning: I can explain how igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks are formed. Texture of Igneous rock…Intrusive Igneous rock-Forms when magma cools within earth.-High temp allows magma to cool slowly.-Slow cooling allows time for LARGE mineral crystals to form.-Examples: Granite, Diorite, GabbroExtrusive Igneous Rock-Forms when lava cools on earths surface.-The lower temp cause the lava to cool quick.-No time for mineral crystals to form.-Examples: Rhyolite, Pumice, Basalt, Obsidian
12Which picture intrusive and extrusive rock? How do you know?How could this be?
13Intrusive Granite Extrusive Basalt Essential Learning: I can explain how igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks are formed.IntrusiveGraniteP. 84ExtrusiveBasalt
14Essential Learning: I can explain how igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks are formed. Composition of Igneous Rock p. 85SILICA- a compound of silicon and oxygen. SiO2Felsic Magma - Thick magma, high in SILICA.-Contains very little calcium, iron or magnesium.-Typically LIGHTER in color and less dense.Mafic Magma - Thin magma, low in SILICA.-Contains lots of iron, calcium and magnesium.-Typically DARKER in color and denser.
16Essential Learning: I can explain how igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks are formed. Igneous Rock Lab.1. Name2. Intrusive or Extrusive.3. Texture: Glassy, Fine, Coarse or Very Coarse4. Color: Light or Dark5. Silica rich or Silica poor6. Felsic or Mafic7. Minerals found in it. Follow the lines downDo this for all 7 samples. Please and thank you.
17Essential Learning:I can explain how Sedimentary Rocks form from earlier rocks, minerals, animal and plant matter.pSedimentary Rock- rocks that form when sediments become pressed or cemented together or when sediments precipitate out of solution.Sediments- Materials that settle out of water or air. These can be loose pieces of rock, minerals, plant and animal remains.
18How do they form? p. 90From rock particles cementing together:- Gravel, Sand, Silt/ClayExamples:-Sandstone, Conglomerate, Shale
19Four common steps in this formation: 1.WEATHERING AND EROSION: Break it apart.2.TRANSPORTATION: Move it along.3.DEPOSITION: Stop moving man.4.COMPACTION AND CEMENTATION: Squeeze and glue it.
20From plants or shells cementing together: p. 92 Examples:-Coal, Limestone. FOSSILS found in these commonly.
22Dissolved minerals re-form from water. p. 93 -Minerals that crystallized as water dried up.Examples: Chemical Limestone, dolostone, rock saltMONO LAKE, CA
23Sedimentary rocks show the action of wind and water. They tell us the story about past environments.Example: Cross Beds- Wind or water movement.Ripple Marks- Water movement commonly.Mud Cracks- Dried up lake bed.
25Essential Learning: I can explain how igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks are formed. Sedimentary Rock Lab.1. Name2. Texture: Clastic, Crystalline, Bioclastic3. Grain Size...4. Composition category...5. Comments category...6. Fossils? Describe if present.7. How do you think if formed?Compaction Cementation, water solution, evaporation8. Other observations?Do this for all 7 samples. Please and thank you.
26Essential Learning: I can explain metamorphic rocks are created. Metamorphic Rock p.96Metamorphism- Process by which existing rock is changed by heat/pressure or both!The beginning rockcan be:-Igneous-Sedimentary-Metamorphic
27Essential Learning: I can explain metamorphic rocks are created. Recrystallization- Pressure and heat breaking atoms bonds and minerals recrystallize.Metamorphic changes occur in different areas.Contact Metamorphism- Small areas.- Cause MagmaRegional Metamorphism- Large areas.-Cause Plate Movement
28Essential Learning: I can explain metamorphic rocks are created. Metamorphic Rocks develop bands of minerals. p. 100Foliation- arrangement of minerals in flat or wavy bands.Foliated Rocks: when mineral grainsline-up in parallel bands it is said that it has a "foliated texture".Examples:slate, phyllite, schist and gneiss
29Essential Learning: I can explain metamorphic rocks are created. Non-Foliated Metamorphic Rocks: a metamorphic rock where no banding occurred. The grains change, grow, and rearrange but don’t form bands.Examples: quartzite, marble(Sandstone = quartzite)(Limestone = marble)
30Use foliated and nonfoliated in your response. IF you were walking down the streets of Shakopee and you came across these rocks, what could you tell a stranger about them?How did they form?Use foliated and nonfoliated in your response.One is a gneiss and on is a quartzite.
31Essential Learning: I can explain metamorphic rocks are created.
32Essential Learning: I can explain metamorphic rocks are created. Metamorphic Rock Lab.1. Name2. Texture: Foliated (mineral alignment or Banding) or Nonfoliated3. Grain Size: Fine, Fine to Medium, Medium to Coarse or Coarse4. Composition category…5. Type of Metamorphism: Regional or Contact6. Comments category...7. Other observations?Do this for all 7 samples. Please and thank you.