Phonics Whole Language Basal Reader Literature-Based Language Experience Functional Approach
A 12 step program designed for non- traditional braille learners including those with: ◦ Cognitive impairments ◦ Deaf-blindness ◦ Physical limitations
Functional Vision/Learning Media Assessment Contracted or Uncontracted braille? Differences between learning to read print and braille?
Create labels for the classroom and home Model reading and writing braille ◦ Books ◦ Braille writer ◦ State and stylus ◦ Notetakers and refreshable braille displays
Words of meaning Part of the daily routine ◦ Calendars Interview ◦ Parents/Caregivers ◦ Teachers
Elements of a good flash card: ◦ Size (at least 3x5) ◦ Top right corner cut for orientation ◦ 2-5 lead line ◦ Texture/material of card Integrating technology: ◦ Talking card readers (i.e. VoxCom) ◦ iOS apps (i.e. Digit-Eyes, QR code creators/readers) ◦ Lifescribe Pen
Tools: ◦ Braille writer ◦ Slate and stylus ◦ Mountbatten ◦ Notetakers ◦ iOS devices with refreshable braille displays or tactile overlays Adapted Equipment: ◦ Extension keys for the braille writer ◦ Adapted braillers (light touch, uni-brailler, etc.) The Role of Spelling and Contractions
Label important items in school and home ◦ Music ◦ Recipes ◦ Phone Numbers Notes ◦ Pen Pals ◦ Instant messaging with friends via braille displays (i.e. iOS devices, computer with braille display, etc.)
1. Use repetition 2. Repeat new words 3. Start with short sentences 4. Slowly decrease spacing 5. Create a book of stories 6. Encourage rhyming (Dr. Suess books)
Tracking progress: ◦ Word lists ◦ Letters/contractions mastered ◦ Phonics patterns mastered Ways of Monitoring Progress ◦ Charts or reward boards (encourage student to participate as appropriate) ◦ Utilize technology (Excel, tablets, etc.) ◦ Include in IEP goals
When new vocabulary is needed Possible curriculums to transition to: ◦ For Children: Patterns ◦ For Adults: Braille Too The Braille Connection
Share your struggles with teaching braille... How might the Functional Braille Approach help your student?
Braille Literacy: A Function Approach by Diane P. Wormsley from AFB Press (2004) Paperback: $39.95 e-book (ePUB or Kindle): $27.95 Note: Information provided during this presentation is copyrighted by Dr. Wormsley as part of the above named book
Dr. Donna Brostek Lee Clinical Assistant Professor Program Faculty Chair University of Kentucky Department of Early Childhood, Special Education, and Rehabilitation Counseling 229 Taylor Education Building Lexington, KY Phone: (859) Website: An Equal Opportunity University