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New York, September 2001 New Orleans, August 2005.

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Presentation on theme: "New York, September 2001 New Orleans, August 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 New York, September 2001 New Orleans, August 2005

2  A system of government in which political authority is divided between a national (or federal) government, and its political subdivisions (such as states).  A system where national and state governments each have defined powers, with some being shared by both and some being denied to both.

3 State Powers: aka Reserved Powers  guaranteed by 10 th Amendment  mostly internal affairs  education  licenses  traffic  local gov’ts  holding elections  public safety Shared Powers: aka Concurrent Powers  taxes  court system  making laws  enforcing laws  Welfare National Powers: aka Delegated Powers specifically listed in Const. declare war coin money regulate trade make treaties Post Office Armed Forces

4 The Federal Government has expressed powers specifically granted in the Constitution (tax, regulate commerce, declare war, etc.) The Federal Government has implied powers from the necessary & proper clause or “elastic clause” (ex: create a national bank) The 10th Amendment reserves powers to the states (ex: education, law enforcement, etc.) The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land (National Supremacy Clause)

5  Federal and state governments are co-equals, each sovereign  Narrow interpretation of the Constitution  Federal government only has jurisdiction if clear expressed in the Constitution (ex: coin money, foreign affairs)  State have greater role and powers (ex: public education, race relations)

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7  National government clearly supreme over the states with wide interpretation of the “necessary and proper clause” (Article I, Sect. 8 of the Constitution, also known as the “elastic clause.”)  Federal government intervenes or assists in some areas traditionally left to the states (ex: education, health care, civil rights)  Began with the New Deal in the 1930s

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9 Artist: Jeff Danziger Date: September, 2005

10 Artist: John Trever, The Albuquerque Journal Date: September, 2005 Artist: John Trever, The Albuquerque Journal Date: September, 2005

11 Artist: Mike Keefe, The Denver Post Date: September, 2005 Artist: Mike Keefe, The Denver Post Date: September, 2005

12 Artist: Cam Cardow, The Ottawa Citizen Date: September 5, 2005

13  What 20 th Century events contributed to the shift from dual federalism to cooperative federalism?  What are the inherent strengths of a federal system in addressing national emergencies? What are the weaknesses?  In both the near future, do you think the trend of cooperative federalism with the federal government taking a dominant role over the states will continue? Will this trend continue even into the distant future?


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