Presentation on theme: "New York, September 2001 New Orleans, August 2005."— Presentation transcript:
New York, September 2001 New Orleans, August 2005
A system of government in which political authority is divided between a national (or federal) government, and its political subdivisions (such as states). A system where national and state governments each have defined powers, with some being shared by both and some being denied to both.
State Powers: aka Reserved Powers guaranteed by 10 th Amendment mostly internal affairs education licenses traffic local gov’ts holding elections public safety Shared Powers: aka Concurrent Powers taxes court system making laws enforcing laws Welfare National Powers: aka Delegated Powers specifically listed in Const. declare war coin money regulate trade make treaties Post Office Armed Forces
The Federal Government has expressed powers specifically granted in the Constitution (tax, regulate commerce, declare war, etc.) The Federal Government has implied powers from the necessary & proper clause or “elastic clause” (ex: create a national bank) The 10th Amendment reserves powers to the states (ex: education, law enforcement, etc.) The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land (National Supremacy Clause)
Federal and state governments are co-equals, each sovereign Narrow interpretation of the Constitution Federal government only has jurisdiction if clear expressed in the Constitution (ex: coin money, foreign affairs) State have greater role and powers (ex: public education, race relations)
National government clearly supreme over the states with wide interpretation of the “necessary and proper clause” (Article I, Sect. 8 of the Constitution, also known as the “elastic clause.”) Federal government intervenes or assists in some areas traditionally left to the states (ex: education, health care, civil rights) Began with the New Deal in the 1930s
Artist: Jeff Danziger Date: September, 2005
Artist: John Trever, The Albuquerque Journal Date: September, 2005 Artist: John Trever, The Albuquerque Journal Date: September, 2005
Artist: Mike Keefe, The Denver Post Date: September, 2005 Artist: Mike Keefe, The Denver Post Date: September, 2005
Artist: Cam Cardow, The Ottawa Citizen Date: September 5, 2005
What 20 th Century events contributed to the shift from dual federalism to cooperative federalism? What are the inherent strengths of a federal system in addressing national emergencies? What are the weaknesses? In both the near future, do you think the trend of cooperative federalism with the federal government taking a dominant role over the states will continue? Will this trend continue even into the distant future?