We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byQuinten Cowman
Modified over 2 years ago
The Criminalization of Mental Illness Chapter One Introduction Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
Ernest Hemingway said: “The world breaks everyone and afterward many are strong at the broken places.” Why might the beginning chapter of the book be started off with this quote? Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
One in four individuals has a diagnosable mental illness over the span of a year Approximately 6% have a serious mental illness The following “serious” or “severe” mental illnesses are the primary focus of the text: – Schizophrenia – Schizoaffective Disorder – Bipolar Disorder – Major Depressive Disorder with psychotic features Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
Schizophrenia Hallucinations (false sensory perceptions, which can affect any of the 5 senses) Delusions (a fixed, false belief held despite impossibility) Cognitive disorganization (a cluster of symptoms considered to be the most noticeable to others, such as “word salad”) “Negative symptoms” (labeled as such because they represent an absence of experiences that most people without schizophrenia have and/or the individual experienced prior to the onset of his/her illness. Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
Anosognosia (can also accompany schizophrenia as well as other mental illnesses) is described as: a lack of insight into one’s illness Many of those with mental illness do not realize they are ill. Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
Bipolar Disorder (it is estimated that 2.5% of the population will receive this diagnosis) can include Mania Depression Psychotic symptoms characterized by defective or lost contact with reality especially as evidenced by delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized speech and behavior. Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
Major Depressive Disorder Characterized by extreme lows, although there is no manic component. Approximately 7% of adults will be diagnosed with MDD, while 30% of these are considered severe. Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
Being atavistic refers to being a throwback to an earlier evolutionary stage, primitive, or animalistic in nature. Phrenology (was the primitive process of studying bumps on the head to identify malformations of the brain that might be linked to crime; a concept practiced within the Positive School of Criminology founded by Cesare Lombroso). Physiognomy (was the primitive process of judging character by facial features). Criminals/persons with mental illness have been perceived as “toxic waste.” Law enforcement and jails have served a cleansing, social sanitation role. Social sanitation has been a process of sweeping the unsightly rabble, those unable to adapt, off the streets and putting them out of sight and out of mind. According to Wahl, PWMI are not typically physically different in appearance from persons without mental illness. Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
The three largest inpatient psychiatric facilities in the United States are jails. Los Angeles County Jail Rikers Island, New York Cook County Jail, Chicago The largest inpatient psychiatric institution in your home state is very likely a jail or prison. More PWMI are residing in jails and prisons today than in public psychiatric hospitals. Trans-institutionalization refers to the movement of persons with mental illnesses from the mental health to the criminal justice system. Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
Traditionally criminal justice practitioners have been largely untrained and ill-equipped to deal with persons with mental illnesses in crises. While recidivism rates are high for offenders in general, PWMI who repeatedly recycle through the criminal justice system are often referred to as “frequent flyers.” Although most PWMI who have contact with the CJ system are not violent, research verifies that individuals with mental illnesses have a tendency to remain in custody for longer periods of time than those persons brought in on similar charges who are not mentally ill. Copyright © 2013 Carolina Academic Press
The full set of PowerPoint slides is available upon adoption. Email email@example.com for more information.
Nationally representative samples of prison inmates (2004, N = 18,200) and jail inmates (2002, N = 7,000) Interviewers asked each inmate about symptoms.
Integrative Study of Psychotic Disorders Bipolar Schizoaffective Schizophrenia Contact Information: Laboratory of Neurophenomics Institute of Psychiatric.
Recreational Therapy: An Introduction Chapter 4: Behavioral Health and Psychiatric Disorders PowerPoint Slides.
Mental Health and Mental Illness Dawn Burgess, Ed. D.
SCHIZOPHRENIA Rogelio Navarro. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS What are the different types of schizophrenia and the treatments? What are the similarities and.
Schizoaffective Disorder What is it? How does it affect the person diagnosed? How is it dealt with? What is it? How does it affect the person diagnosed?
1 CHAPTER 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO THEORY COPYRIGHT © 2015 CAROLINA ACADEMIC PRESS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Schizophrenia A. Schizophrenia is a group of severe disorders characterized by the breakdown of personality functioning, withdrawal from reality, distorted.
Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
Psychology Schizophrenia Symptoms. Learning outcomes: a) To describe the symptoms of schizophrenia.
Ashley Robinson Jordan Smith What are psychotic disorders Psychotic disorders are severe mental disorders that cause abnormal thinking and perceptions.
SCHIZOPHRENIA Literally means “Split or Broken Mind” The split is from Reality It is a severe form of psychopathology in which the person seems to disintegrate.
Chapter 16 Psychological Disorders. Psychological Disorder a “harmful dysfunction” in which behavior is judged to be: atypical--not enough in itself.
Mental Disorders Chapter 16. Problems in Identifying Mental Disorders MENTAL DISORDER: a disturbance in a person’s emotions, thought processes, or behavior.
Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 35Seriously and Persistently Mentally Ill, Homeless, or Incarcerated Clients.
CHRIS ALAS HCC – W. LOOP FALL Schizophrenia is a serious psychological disorder marked by: Delusions Hallucinations loss of contact with reality.
REDUCING CRIMINALIZATION OF PERSONS WITH SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS H. Richard Lamb, M.D. August 18, 2012.
Chapter 1: Background Copyright © 2015 Carolina Academic Press. All rights reserved.
Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders. Psychopathology.
Chapter 16 Psychological Disorders. Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns. psychological disorder.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.