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Chapter 8 America Secedes from the Empire, 1775–1783.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 America Secedes from the Empire, 1775–1783."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8 America Secedes from the Empire, 1775–1783

2 8 | 2 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question All of the following were true of the Second Continental Congress EXCEPT a)it met in Philadelphia in May of 1775, with the full slate of thirteen colonies was represented. b)the conservative element in Congress was still strong, despite the shooting in Massachusetts. c)there was still no well-defined sentiment for independence— merely a desire to continue fighting in the hope that the king and Parliament would consent to a redress of grievance. d)Congress drafted new appeals to the British people and king to which the British were initially receptive.

3 8 | 3 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer All of the following were true of the Second Continental Congress EXCEPT a)it met in Philadelphia in May of 1775, with the full slate of thirteen colonies was represented. b)the conservative element in Congress was still strong, despite the shooting in Massachusetts. c)there was still no well-defined sentiment for independence— merely a desire to continue fighting in the hope that the king and Parliament would consent to a redress of grievance. d)Congress drafted new appeals to the British people and king to which the British were initially receptive. (correct) Hint: See page 146.

4 8 | 4 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question The Olive Branch Petition of July 1775 a)formally proclaimed the colonies in rebellion. b)professed American loyalty to the crown and begged the king to prevent further hostilities. c)requested relief from Hessian mercenaries. d)proclaimed that skirmishes were now out- and-out treason, a hanging crime.

5 8 | 5 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer The Olive Branch Petition of July 1775 a)formally proclaimed the colonies in rebellion. b)professed American loyalty to the crown and begged the king to prevent further hostilities. (correct) c)requested relief from Hessian mercenaries. d)proclaimed that skirmishes were now out- and-out treason, a hanging crime. Hint: See page 147.

6 8 | 6 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question All of the following were true of Common Sense EXCEPT a)it was one of the most influential pamphlets ever written. b)Thomas Paine began his tract with a treatise on the nature of government. c)Paine branded the ongoing loyalty of the colonists as “common sense.” d)it was a whirlwind best seller and, within a few months, sold 120,000 copies.

7 8 | 7 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer All of the following were true of Common Sense EXCEPT a)it was one of the most influential pamphlets ever written. b)Thomas Paine began his tract with a treatise on the nature of government. c)Paine branded the ongoing loyalty of the colonists as “common sense.” (correct) d)it was a whirlwind best seller and, within a few months, sold 120,000 copies. Hint: See page 150.

8 8 | 8 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question All of the following were true of the Declaration of Independence EXCEPT a)it might better have been called “the Explanation of Independence” or, as one contemporary described it, “Mr. Jefferson’s advertisement of Mr. Lee’s resolution.” b)Jefferson gave his appeal universality by invoking British rights rather than the “natural rights” of humankind. c)Jefferson argued persuasively that because the king had flouted these rights, the colonists were justified in cutting their connection. d)indictments included imposing taxes without consent, dispensing with trial by jury, abolishing valued laws, and establishing a military dictatorship.

9 8 | 9 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer All of the following were true of the Declaration of Independence EXCEPT a)it might better have been called “the Explanation of Independence” or, as one contemporary described it, “Mr. Jefferson’s advertisement of Mr. Lee’s resolution.” b)Jefferson gave his appeal universality by invoking British rights rather than the “natural rights” of humankind. (correct) c)Jefferson argued persuasively that because the king had flouted these rights, the colonists were justified in cutting their connection. d)indictments included imposing taxes without consent, dispensing with trial by jury, abolishing valued laws, and establishing a military dictatorship. Hint: See pages 151–152.

10 8 | 10 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question The Declaration of the Rights of Man was a)written by Thomas Jefferson. b)written by the Marquis de Lafayette. c)inspired by Common Sense. d)inspired by the Declaration of Independence.

11 8 | 11 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer The Declaration of the Rights of Man was a)written by Thomas Jefferson. b)written by the Marquis de Lafayette. c)inspired by Common Sense. d)inspired by the Declaration of Independence. (correct) Hint: See page 152.

12 8 | 12 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question The Battle of Trenton a)was the last of a long series of American victories. b)was the last of a long series of American defeats. c)revealed “Old Fox” Washington at his military best. d)revealed “Old Fox” Howe at his military best.

13 8 | 13 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer The Battle of Trenton a)was the last of a long series of American victories. b)was the last of a long series of American defeats. c)revealed “Old Fox” Washington at his military best. (correct) d)revealed “Old Fox” Howe at his military best. Hint: See page 158.

14 8 | 14 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question The Battle of Saratoga was important for all of the following reasons EXCEPT a)the victory immensely revived the faltering colonial cause. b)it made possible the urgently needed foreign aid from France, which in turn helped ensure American independence. c)it ranks high among the decisive battles of both American and world history. d)its stirring cavalry charge gave rise to the famous Saratoga horse races.

15 8 | 15 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer The Battle of Saratoga was important for all of the following reasons EXCEPT a)the victory immensely revived the faltering colonial cause. b)it made possible the urgently needed foreign aid from France, which in turn helped ensure American independence. c)it ranks high among the decisive battles of both American and world history. d)its stirring cavalry charge gave rise to the famous Saratoga horse races. (correct) Hint: See page 160.

16 8 | 16 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question The Treaty of Fort Stanwix a)forced the Mohawk chief Joseph Brant, to convert to Anglicanism. b)was the first treaty between the United States and an Indian nation. c)saw the United States cede most of its western claims to Indian land. d)halted the flow of westward-moving pioneers.

17 8 | 17 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer The Treaty of Fort Stanwix a)forced the Mohawk chief Joseph Brant, to convert to Anglicanism. b)was the first treaty between the United States and an Indian nation. (correct) c)saw the United States cede most of its western claims to Indian land. d)halted the flow of westward-moving pioneers. Hint: See page 164.

18 8 | 18 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question All of the following were true of the Battle of Yorktown EXCEPT a)the British general Cornwallis blundered into a trap. b)Cornwallis assumed Britain would continue to control the sea. c)completely cornered, Washington surrendered his entire force of seven thousand men. d)British naval superiority slipped away.

19 8 | 19 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer All of the following were true of the Battle of Yorktown EXCEPT a)the British general Cornwallis blundered into a trap. b)Cornwallis assumed Britain would continue to control the sea. c)completely cornered, Washington surrendered his entire force of seven thousand men. (correct) d)British naval superiority slipped away. Hint: See page 165.

20 8 | 20 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Question All of the following were true of the Treaty of Paris EXCEPT a)the British formally recognized the independence of the United States. b)the British granted generous boundaries, stretching to the Mississippi on the west, the Great Lakes on the north, and Spanish Florida on the south. c)the Yankees were to retain a share in the priceless fisheries of Newfoundland. d)Congress was to require of the state legislatures that confiscated Loyalist property be restored.

21 8 | 21 Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Answer All of the following were true of the Treaty of Paris EXCEPT a)the British formally recognized the independence of the United States. b)the British granted generous boundaries, stretching to the Mississippi on the west, the Great Lakes on the north, and Spanish Florida on the south. c)the Yankees were to retain a share in the priceless fisheries of Newfoundland. d)Congress was to require of the state legislatures that confiscated Loyalist property be restored. (correct) Hint: See page 167.


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