Presentation on theme: "SHELTER FOR ALL IN RURAL UTTAR PRADESH Manoj Kumar Singh Secretary, Rural Development Government of Uttar Pradesh 29-30 th September 2010."— Presentation transcript:
SHELTER FOR ALL IN RURAL UTTAR PRADESH Manoj Kumar Singh Secretary, Rural Development Government of Uttar Pradesh 29-30 th September 2010
HOUSING: A BASIC NEED Housing has been recognized as one of the key parameter to judge the socio-economic status of a family. Housing is also one of the primary needs and inspiration of a family. Housing has a direct impact on health and hygiene of family members, which in turn impinges on their education and productivity.
SCENARIO AS PER CENSUS 2001 Number of Houses as per Material of Roof (in Lacs) Total House hold Surveyed: 271.79 TypeTotal HousesS.C. Houses Grass, wood, mud 92.3222.25 Plastic, polythene 0.940.23 Tiles58.4714.19 Slate1.390.25 Brick, stone, concrete 115.4819.12 Other Mat0.900.14
SCENARIO AS PER CENSUS 2001 Number of Houses as per Material of Wall (in Lacs) Total House hold Surveyed: 271.79 TypeTotal HousesS.C. Houses Grass, wood, mud 16.393.52 Plastic, polythene 0.500.12 Tiles102.0227.68 Slate0.750.05 Brick, stone, concrete 151.5224.85 Other Mat0.090.02
SCENARIO AS PER CENSUS 2001 Number of Houses as per Material of Floor (in Lacs) Total House hold Surveyed: 271.79 TypeTotal HousesS.C. Houses Mud235.4952.88 Wood, Bamboo 0.830.08 Brick11.361.33 Stone0.980.11 Cement21.811.90 Mosaic, Floor Tiles 1.160.12
HOUSING SHORTAGE AS PER BPL CENSUS: 2002/ 2005 Total Housing Shortage: 4498668 The Source of Houses are: IAY Mahamaya Awas Yojana Mahamaya Sarvjan Awas Yojana
SHORTAGE AS ON 1.04.2011 YearHouses under IAYHouses under MAY & SAY Shortage in 2005-06 2006-071834144498668 2007-08254750196740 2008-09254729108038 2009-1049315681506Constructed = 2010201 2010-11 TOTAL 340868 1526917 97000 483284 Shortage as on 1.04.2011 = 2488467
HOMESTEAD STATUS Number of BPL families in IAY wait list without land and house site = 3564 Number of BPL families whose occupied land can be regularised = 53 Number where land purchase is required = 3511 Under UPZALR Act SC/ ST occupying abadi land gets regularized u/s 123
HOUSING FOR ALL BY 2017 This can be achieved if the Central assistance is given for 5 lac houses a year for next four years. That is 20 lac houses in four years. In above period all most 5.0 lac houses will come from State schemes (MAY/SAY).
ISSUES This exercise is based on BPL census of 2002 which was finalized in 2005. In new BPL survey i.e. 2010-2011, many new families will be identified, which will be in need of support for housing. This will be on account of increase in population and splitting of families. The need is higher in Eastern U.P, Central U.P. and Bundelkhand. The Districts in Western U.P. like Meerut, Aligarh, MuzzaffarNagar, Gaziabad, Baghpat, Hathras have no eligible family in wait list left with Kuccha House. These houses can be given to districts in Bundelkhand.
ISSUES In a recent survey 9 lac families of S.C. has been identified, which are not in BPL List but have kuccha houses. The current cost of construction for 20 sq. mt. conventional puccka house comes to Rs.70,000. Completing house in present cost is a painful experience for the beneficiary as he loses almost 30 days of wage employment and at times borrows money to complete it. If MGNREGS is used for wage payment in house construction, this experience can be changed. BPL households are averse to taking loan for housing.
ISSUES: Sonbhadra District IAY – interpreted as constructing puccka house. In Sonbhadra, tribals construct beautiful houses (double storied) with mud wall, they use wood and baked mud tiles for roof. There is no brick kiln in Sonbhadra due to unsuitable soil, it comes from Mirzapur and varanasi. The cost of brick and cement consumes 80-90 percent of the fund available. The use of houses under IAY constructed of brick is low. If they are permitted to construct their houses under IAY in traditional manner with local material i.e. mud and wood, the usefulness of scheme for them will go up.