Presentation on theme: "BELLWORK What was the New Deal?"— Presentation transcript:
1BELLWORK What was the New Deal? What was the difference between the PWA and the CCC?What is the FDIC?What are fireside chats? (pg. 459)In your opinion, was the New Deal successful? Why or why not?THINKER: FDR was often criticized as being a socialist by his opponents. Why do you think that is?
3New Deal OppositionAlthough the New Deal was very successful, FDR’s programs faced some opposition.You will read pages and complete the graphic organizer.Explain why each person/group opposed FDR’s New Deal legislation.
4Southern Tenant Farmer’s Union Union of farmers fighting for better working conditions.Few landowners complied with the AAA and evicted farmersNow, they became unemployed AND homelessArgued that FDR took no action
5Father Coughlin Fundamentalist priest with his own radio show Appealed to people’s fears/prejudices instead of reasonSaid FDR was not changing financial systemAlso blamed Jews for banking problems
6Senator Huey LongTook control of Louisiana’s government by appointing his followersOpposed FDR because he wanted to redistribute wealth even moreAppealed to the working/low classesAssassinated
7Conservatives FDR was interfering too much with private businesses Believed the government needed to stay out of businessFDR was spending too much on reliefArgued FDR had lack of experience, and was turning the U.S. towards socialism.
8Supreme CourtOverturned NRA & AAA because it gave too much power to the Executive BranchChecks and balancesSaid taxes were not a good way to regulate agriculture (like AAA)
9Conflict over the Judicial Branch During FDR’s first term, the Supreme Court had struck down several components of his “New Deal” economic programs. So……In 1937, FDR proposed the “court-packing plan” (Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937). This would allow him to:Add more justices to the Supreme CourtPersonally appoint the justicesObtain favorable rulings for his New Deal LegislationWanted to establish a pro-New Deal majority in the Supreme CourtWhy do you think this bill received so much opposition?Opponents viewed this as an attempt to stack the court in his favor: not fair & would give executive branch too much powerOverturned because of unpopularityConsidered his biggest source of opposition throughout entire presidency
11America the Story of Us: Bust Covers several topics during the Great Depression:Bank RunsDust BowlHoover DamMt. RushmoreRise of Nazi GermanyAnswer the 16 questions on this worksheet!
12Unit 5 Review Game: Slate & Race A question will appear on the board and you must race to answer it.You may use your notes and book.Once you write the answer on your slate, hold it up so I can check it.First five CORRECT responses will get a point.Top two teams get 5 points of extra credit on their test!
13In the 1920’s, people used ___________ to purchase items they normally could not afford. CREDIT
14The Dust Bowl was a combination of which two factors? Drought and Bad Farming Practices
15Why did conservatives criticize the New Deal? It was too involved in private businesses
16What event caused FDR to get the most opposition? His attempt to “pack” the Supreme Court
17What program did President Hoover create to stabilize banks with government aide? RFC (Reconstruction Finance Corporation)
18Which New Deal program gave men environmental jobs? CCC – Civilian Conservation Corps
19Which law was passed to eliminate fraud in the stock market? Truth-in-Securities Act
20Making high risk investments in the hopes of large returns. Speculation
21This high import tax encouraged U. S This high import tax encouraged U.S. citizens to “buy American” and protect U.S. products from foreign competition.Hawley-Smoot Tariff
22Who appealed to people’s prejudice and opposed FDR for not changing America’s financial system? Father Coughlin
23Which law prohibited banks from investing in the stock market? Glass-Stegall Banking Act
24Which group opposed the New Deal because it caused farmers to become homeless and unemployed? Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union (STFU)
25List three of President Hoover’s ideas on government. Prosperity starts at the top and trickles down, state/local governments should handle relief, government should have minimal involvement in business
26This is when you purchase a stock with a portion of your own money, while the rest is borrowed or loaned.Buying on margin
27TIE-BREAKERFDR’s New Deal Legislation was characterized by relief, recovery, and reform.List one program from each category!