Mnemonic With a partner create a mnemonic to remember the various strategies for writing conclusions. Select a visual to accompany your mnemonic. Share your mnemonic with one other group.
Examples On the following slides, there are several examples of conclusions. See if you can match each conclusion with the strategy it represents. Work with the person sitting next to you as you decide.
An echo from the beginning of the piece Introduction: You use inventions every day. For some simple ones, think of a spoon or hammer. Other inventions are complex…Many people think that only humans invent tools. Conclusion: Animals other than humans probably won’t invent complicated tools like computers or airplanes. But some of them are more inventive than you think. Taken from Highlights for Children, June 2001
Quotation or Dialogue Auntie Ernestina smiled. She brought out a woven fish, dangling from a pole. “This is made from pandanus leaves. I can help you make one, if you’d like.” “Really?” Maria gave her auntie a hug. “That would be awesome!” - Taken from Highlights, August 2005
From Mr. Coyote Meets Mr. Snail To this day Mr. Snail is crawling with his head down looking for his eyes. And all coyotes have brown eyes instead of blue; this is because Mr. Coyote was naughty when he took Mr. Snail’s eyes. And Mr. Raven still has those beautiful blue eyes in his secret hiding place, but he cannot return them because the secret hiding place was so secret not even Mr. Raven can find it! http://www.magickeys.com/books/coyote/index.html A story or anecdote
Interesting Fact In the dark, many fish have a low rate of metabolism (their body machinery slows down), and that is much like sleep. But you do one thing in your sleep that fish do not do. You close your eyes. Fish don’t. - Taken from Highlights, May 2004
A Prediction Perhaps the story of Spiridon Louis will inspire the next winner of the Olympic marathon, just as Spiridon was inspired by the legend of Pheidippides so long ago. -Taken from Highlights, August 2004
Question Then one day she met someone. Whitey asked Blue (the Cloud) what was the matter. Blue said she could not stop raining. Whitey said, “If you would just smile you could stop raining.” So Blue did, and guess what? She…stopped raining! -Taken from Highlights for Children, September 2001
Summary From the story Round Bird Can’t Fly He now knows that even though he wishes hard and tries hard too, there are just some things some birds aren't meant to do... The challenge for Round Bird, then, is to find those special things that only special birds can do. Round bird online
A Call to Action Be sure to always keep your campsite clean and free of garbage. As with all wild animals, you must never get close to a bear or try to feed one. By following these rules, you will avoid conflicts with bears and other dangerous animals. Most importantly, you can have fun while remaining safe on your camping trip. -Taken from Houghton-Mifflin Reading WASL Assessments, Grade 5
Generalization Today, bearings are reducing friction in countless places. Motorcycles and tricycles, electric drills and windmills-just about all machines with things that go around have bearings. - Taken from Highlights, August 2004
Mystery or Hint of things to come From the story It Could Happen But on occasion they wondered where the Blue Jay had gone and how he was doing and, most of all, if he was still the color blue and what it had all meant. www.magickeys.com
Now let’s look at student work. Please take out the three student papers you brought (in some cases, your facilitator will provide student samples). Now arrange yourselves in teams of three or four. Grade level does not matter.
Your Task… Pass papers in a clockwise direction and read each one. This will take take 10 -15 minutes. When finished reading, ask one person from your group to record your responses to the questions on Handout # 2.
Handout # 2 In general, how did the students do with their conclusions? Do they understand the concept of a conclusion? What commonalities do you see? As a group, select one conclusion you thought was effective. Does it follow any of the strategies outlined in the PowerPoint?
Independent Practice Each of you has been given a packet of sample introductions & conclusions. Your task is to read each set of introductions and conclusions and to tell what conclusion strategy is being used. (Handout #3) Let’s see. Is this a question? An echo?
Endings/Conclusions avoid writing… I hope you enjoyed reading my… In this essay I hope you learned… As you can see/tell… In conclusion… Thank you for reading my paper It was all a dream…
Agreements Before our next meeting, I will … Teach my students two conclusion strategies. Have my students practice writing conclusions. Bring three samples of student-written conclusions. GOOD LUCK!