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Weaving is a textile craft in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads, called the warp and the filling or weft (older woof), are interlaced to form.

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Presentation on theme: "Weaving is a textile craft in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads, called the warp and the filling or weft (older woof), are interlaced to form."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Weaving is a textile craft in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads, called the warp and the filling or weft (older woof), are interlaced to form a fabric or cloth. The warp threads run lengthways on the piece of cloth, and the weft runs across from side to side, across the bolt of cloth. Weaving is a textile craft in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads, called the warp and the filling or weft (older woof), are interlaced to form a fabric or cloth. The warp threads run lengthways on the piece of cloth, and the weft runs across from side to side, across the bolt of cloth.textile craftyarns or threadswarpweftfabric or clothtextile craftyarns or threadswarpweftfabric or cloth Cloth is woven on a loom, a device that holds the warp threads in place while filling threads are woven through them. Weft is an old English word meaning "that which is woven". Cloth is woven on a loom, a device that holds the warp threads in place while filling threads are woven through them. Weft is an old English word meaning "that which is woven".loom Englishloom English The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave. The majority of woven products are created with one of three basic weaves: plain weave, satin weave, or twill. The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave. The majority of woven products are created with one of three basic weaves: plain weave, satin weave, or twill.plain weavesatin weavetwillplain weavesatin weavetwill Woven cloth can be plain (in one colour or a simple pattern), or can be woven in decorative or artistic designs, including tapestries. Fabric in which the warp and/or weft is tie-dyed before weaving is called ikat. Woven cloth can be plain (in one colour or a simple pattern), or can be woven in decorative or artistic designs, including tapestries. Fabric in which the warp and/or weft is tie-dyed before weaving is called ikat.tapestriestie-dyedikattapestriestie-dyedikat The ancient craft of handweaving, along with hand spinning, remains a popular craft. The majority of commercial fabrics in the West are woven on computer-controlled Jacquard looms. In the past, simpler fabrics were woven on dobby looms, while the Jacquard harness adaptation was reserved for more complex patterns. Some believe the efficiency of the Jacquard loom, with its Jacquard weaving process, makes it more economical for mills to use them to weave all of their fabrics, regardless of the complexity of the design The ancient craft of handweaving, along with hand spinning, remains a popular craft. The majority of commercial fabrics in the West are woven on computer-controlled Jacquard looms. In the past, simpler fabrics were woven on dobby looms, while the Jacquard harness adaptation was reserved for more complex patterns. Some believe the efficiency of the Jacquard loom, with its Jacquard weaving process, makes it more economical for mills to use them to weave all of their fabrics, regardless of the complexity of the designspinningfabricsJacquard loomsdobby looms Jacquard weavingspinningfabricsJacquard loomsdobby looms Jacquard weaving

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5 PROCESS I n general, weaving involves the interlacing of two sets of threads at right angles to each other: the warp and the weft. The warp are held taut and in parallel order, typically by means of a loom, though some forms of weaving may use other methods. The loom is warped (or dressed) with the warp threads passing through heddles on two or more harnesses. The warp threads are moved up or down by the harnesses creating a space called the shed. The weft thread is wound onto spools called bobbins. The bobbins are placed in a shuttle that carries the weft thread through the shed. The raising and lowering sequence of warp threads gives rise to many possible weave structures: I n general, weaving involves the interlacing of two sets of threads at right angles to each other: the warp and the weft. The warp are held taut and in parallel order, typically by means of a loom, though some forms of weaving may use other methods. The loom is warped (or dressed) with the warp threads passing through heddles on two or more harnesses. The warp threads are moved up or down by the harnesses creating a space called the shed. The weft thread is wound onto spools called bobbins. The bobbins are placed in a shuttle that carries the weft thread through the shed. The raising and lowering sequence of warp threads gives rise to many possible weave structures: right angleswarpweftparallelheddlesshedbobbins shuttle right angleswarpweftparallelheddlesshedbobbins shuttle Both warp and weft can be visible in the final product. By spacing the warp more closely, it can completely cover the weft that binds it, giving a warpfaced textile such as rep weave. Conversely, if the warp is spread out, the weft can slide down and completely cover the warp, giving a weftfaced textile, such as a tapestry or a Kilim rug. There are a variety of loom styles for hand weaving and tapestry. In tapestry, the image is created by placing weft only in certain warp areas, rather than across the entire warp width. Both warp and weft can be visible in the final product. By spacing the warp more closely, it can completely cover the weft that binds it, giving a warpfaced textile such as rep weave. Conversely, if the warp is spread out, the weft can slide down and completely cover the warp, giving a weftfaced textile, such as a tapestry or a Kilim rug. There are a variety of loom styles for hand weaving and tapestry. In tapestry, the image is created by placing weft only in certain warp areas, rather than across the entire warp width.tapestryKilimloomwefttapestryKilimloomweft

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7 History of Rug Weaving History of Rug Weaving Substantial share of the bulgarian national heritage aspects are famous in the world handmade bulgarian rugs and tapestries. They are a phenomenon in the bulgarian folk crafts emerged in ancient, flourishing during the Renaissance, there are today. Development of color ornaments and wealth are determined by the Bulgarian national life, customs, traditions, holidays. Substantial share of the bulgarian national heritage aspects are famous in the world handmade bulgarian rugs and tapestries. They are a phenomenon in the bulgarian folk crafts emerged in ancient, flourishing during the Renaissance, there are today. Development of color ornaments and wealth are determined by the Bulgarian national life, customs, traditions, holidays.

8 Historical facts for the beginning of the rug manufactoring Historical facts for the beginning of the rug manufactoring The historical origin of the rugs and carpets is unknown. The materials used in producing them (wool, cotton, silk) are non- durable – only a few centuries. This makes it impossible to trace out their development through the centuries. The historical origin of the rugs and carpets is unknown. The materials used in producing them (wool, cotton, silk) are non- durable – only a few centuries. This makes it impossible to trace out their development through the centuries. The oldest find of a carpet in good shape is found in 1947 by the Russian archeologist Rudenko. The carpet was placed in the grave of a Skit’s prince, in Pazuluk valley, mount Altai, south Siberia. This carpet is dated from 5 century BC. The oldest find of a carpet in good shape is found in 1947 by the Russian archeologist Rudenko. The carpet was placed in the grave of a Skit’s prince, in Pazuluk valley, mount Altai, south Siberia. This carpet is dated from 5 century BC. All the historians, though, think that the carpet and rug making began in central Asia more than 8 thousand years ago. It is said to have been connected mostly with the nomadic culture of the tribes lived there. The carpets and rugs were used for covering the floor, the huts and tents, for inner barriers, for making horse’s saddles, bags and cradles for the children. In the beginning the carpets and rugs were created only to satisfy the necessity and elementary convenience. However, later as figures and motives appeared and the materials were coloured using herbs, the carpets and rugs started being looked with another eye. They have art style and their culture value raises. Moving in different directions and communicating with different tribes and cultures, the nomadic tribes spread the authentic technology for making such carpets in almost whole Asia – from Siberia to India. All the historians, though, think that the carpet and rug making began in central Asia more than 8 thousand years ago. It is said to have been connected mostly with the nomadic culture of the tribes lived there. The carpets and rugs were used for covering the floor, the huts and tents, for inner barriers, for making horse’s saddles, bags and cradles for the children. In the beginning the carpets and rugs were created only to satisfy the necessity and elementary convenience. However, later as figures and motives appeared and the materials were coloured using herbs, the carpets and rugs started being looked with another eye. They have art style and their culture value raises. Moving in different directions and communicating with different tribes and cultures, the nomadic tribes spread the authentic technology for making such carpets in almost whole Asia – from Siberia to India.

9 For weaving you need the following equipment For weaving you need the following equipment -spinning frame -separator comb -on-fine sense cotton thread -Shuttle which is wound a thick woolen thread -spinning frame -separator comb -on-fine sense cotton thread -Shuttle which is wound a thick woolen thread

10 Weaving technology 1.Development of a rectangular wooden frame with size Numb the frame 3On boards with nails sticking needles size 25 but the distance of 1 cm 4.Round the nails the thread is wound. 5.On shuttle is wrapped woolen yarn 6.Put the separator comb 1.Development of a rectangular wooden frame with size Numb the frame 3On boards with nails sticking needles size 25 but the distance of 1 cm 4.Round the nails the thread is wound. 5.On shuttle is wrapped woolen yarn 6.Put the separator comb 7.Move the crest to uprise drigite fiber-odd and even 8Return the shuttle in the opposite direction, again lifted into threads. 7.Move the crest to uprise drigite fiber-odd and even 8Return the shuttle in the opposite direction, again lifted into threads.

11 To become a colorful rug, use several colors woolen thread. Take a shuttle to the other color and repeat the operation again. So until we reach the end of the wooden frame. Carpet is completed by the thread around the nail is cut and tie the thread. So while all threads tied. To become a colorful rug, use several colors woolen thread. Take a shuttle to the other color and repeat the operation again. So until we reach the end of the wooden frame. Carpet is completed by the thread around the nail is cut and tie the thread. So while all threads tied.

12 HOW WE DO THIS

13 OUR STUDENTS SHOW HOW TO WEAVING VIDEO CLIP VIDEO CLIP

14 VIDEO CLIP

15 THE FINAL PRODUCTS video clip

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