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EU-West Africa EPA 17 September 2014 The International Trade Union House, Bv du Roi Albert II, 5, 1210 Brussels How to assess the West Africa EPA? Dr San.

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Presentation on theme: "EU-West Africa EPA 17 September 2014 The International Trade Union House, Bv du Roi Albert II, 5, 1210 Brussels How to assess the West Africa EPA? Dr San."— Presentation transcript:

1 EU-West Africa EPA 17 September 2014 The International Trade Union House, Bv du Roi Albert II, 5, 1210 Brussels How to assess the West Africa EPA? Dr San BILAL

2 Successful conclusion… …at regional level… …before 1 October 2014 regional unity & integrity preserved based on ECOWAS CET no trade disruption = DEVELOPMENT ??? Achievements Page

3 Focus on market access for goods DFQF access to EU (100% liberalisation) West Africa liberalises: 75% of tariff lines over 20 years Policy space: trade defense instruments Community levied maintained (until new financing mechanism) No EU agricultural export subsidies MNF not automatic No explicit non-execution clause (Cotonou ref) Development chapter: PAPED (no additionality) Some key features of the EPA Page

4 ECOWAS tariff phase down Page

5 Meat and meat products; Preparation of meat; fresh, chilled and frozen fish and fish products; preparation of fish products Milk and dairy products Vegetable products such as edible vegetables, fruits, nuts, some cereals (rice), products of milling industry (different types of flour); Animal and vegetable fats and oils and prepared edible fats Sugar and sugar confectionary; Cocoa and cocoa preparations; Preparation of cereals, flour, starch and milk Main products excluded Page Preparation of vegetables, fruits and nuts Other edible preparation such as tea, coffee, sauces, seasonings etc. Beverages (alcoholic – mainly beers and spirits) and non-alcoholic (table water etc.) Tobacco Cement Pharmaceutical products; Paint, varnish and mastic Perfumery, cosmetic and toilet preparation; Soaps and washing preparation; waxes Glues; pyrotechnic products; Articles of plastic; Rubber articles; leather products; wood and wood articles; paper, paperboard and articles of paper pulp; printed books and newspapers Cotton (thread); other vegetable textile fibres, yarn and fabrics; Man made fibres; some woven fabrics; some knitted and crocheted fabric; Articles of apparel and clothing accessories; Glassware; some articles of iron and steel; copper and nickel Tools and cutlery of base metals; some machinery and mechanical appliances; some electric machinery; Some furniture and mattress support (wood and metal); lighting and fittings

6 Existing export taxes are maintained; possibility to introduce new taxes for infant industries, revenue needs and environmental protection on a limited number of products and after consultations with the EU side Safeguard measures applicable for 4 years, renewable once Specific safeguard clause for infant industries, for up to 8 years and can be renewed Policy space? Page

7 = Identify sensitive import-competing sectors Employment per sector/products: nb, gender, youth, work conditions, etc. SMEs, informal, competition (monopoly?) Analysis per country/province? Loss of fiscal revenues? Support policies and measures? => Likely effects: concentrated in some sectors/products in some countries/provinces on some categories of workers/population Assessing social impact Page

8 Thank you Reference: Ramdoo, Isabelle (2014), ECOWAS and SADC EPAs: A comparative analysis, ECDPM Discussion Paper 165 Dr San Bilal Head of Economic Transformation and Trade Editor of GREAT Insights Twitter Page


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