Presentation on theme: "Dr. Rita Littrell Bessie B. Moore Center for Economic Education."— Presentation transcript:
Dr. Rita Littrell Bessie B. Moore Center for Economic Education
Cows Tobacco Cowry shells Salt Gold Furs Cigarettes Oxen Spices Nutmeg Wampum Ancient coins Woven goods Tea Yap stones
THEY HAVE ALL BEEN USED AS MONEY AT SOME TIME IN HISTORY BY SOME CULTURE!
They realized that they could consume more goods if they traded.
Production of fewer types of goods and services than we consume Leads to interdependence We depend on others to produce many of the things we consume
Markets were born.
Markets Places where people exchange goods and services People trade to consume greater variety of goods and services
Markets became larger and production became more specialized. People traded preserved fish, woven fabrics, baskets, game, furs – anything of which they could produce extra through specialization. Direct trade of goods is called barter.
Barter The direct exchange of goods and services Must have double coincidence of wants Results in time costs Resulted in need for a medium of exchange
F i n a l l y, a s m o r e g o o d s w e r e a v a i l a b l e, b a r t e r b e c a m e d i f f i c u l t. It might take a lot of time to find someone who has a blanket to accept your chicken in payment for the blanket. This is called double-coincidence of wants. You might need to trade with others to get something the weaver wants in order to get your blanket.
People began to use items as a medium of exchange. For example, the weaver might sell her rug for salt. The salt is a commodity that is desired by all. It can be used to preserve food or it can be used to buy another good ----as a medium of exchange.
Throughout history many things were used as a medium of exchange. Eventually, they realized that coins worked well for this function. They were valued because of the metal that could be used for other purposes. They could be melted down and changed as rulers changed. They could be saved for later use. This was the first function of money.
Which country used paper money first? Why?
Coins were good because they could be saved and used later. This allowed people to save. Our economic and financial system is developing. But, what works better as a medium of exchange and store of value than coins?
Commodity money has intrinsic value of its own. Fiat money is backed by government. The money has no value on its own. Which is gold? Does the US use commodity or fiat money today?
A third function of money is that it can be used like a measuring stick. It helps you to compare the price of two goods.
Portable Divisible Durable Uniform Scarce
What is wrong with each of these items that have historically been used as money?
In summary, characteristics of money should include: Portable Divisible Durable Uniform Scarce
US Money Today
Banks Savings and loans Benefits of saving money in financial institution
Earn it Save it Spend it Invest it
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