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Lesson 1: The Eastern Woodlands

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1 Lesson 1: The Eastern Woodlands
US History Grade 5 CDT Latrobe, PA Chapter 2: Native Americans of North America Lesson 1: The Eastern Woodlands

2 The Iroquois League:

3 Deganawidah: Known as The Great Peace Maker
founder of the Iroquois Confederacy, a political and cultural union of several Native American tribes residing in the present-day state of New York. The Great Peacemaker established a council of village chiefs to govern the confederacy. Confederacy - an alliance between persons, parties, states, etc., for some purpose

4 Haiwatha: Follower of Deganawidah cofounder of the Iroquois Confederacy. Convinced the five warring groups to join together in a “Great Peace”.

5 Tree of Peace According to legend, after the Great Peace, the five groups buried their weapons, and over these weapons Deganawidah planted a magnificent white pine tree. The Tree of Peace is a symbol of peace in the Iroquois culture.

6 Tribe: A group of families bound together under a single leadership.
A term often used to describe people who share a common culture.

7 League: An organization that people form which unites them for a particular purpose. The Iroquois League is an example of a league.

8 Iroquois League: The “Great Peace” brought about the Iroquois League
Members tribes of the Iroquois League: Seneca Cayuga Onondaga Oneida Mohawk Later a 6th joined… Tuscarora Scolars believe it came together around 1580 AD. The 5 tribes sent 50 representatives to a Great Council

9 Iroquois Trail: Linked the lands of the League.
Today, the New York Thruway follows part of the route of the Iroquois Trail.

10 Eastern Woodlands Cultural Region:
This is where the Iroquois lived. This is one of several regions that we will learn in this chapter!

11 Cultural region: An area in which people with similar cultures live.
Native Americans tribes in each region developed similar cultures using the resources of the environment.

12 Longhouse: An Iroquois building used for shelter.
Young trees provided poles for the frames and slabs of elm bark served as walls.

13 What do you think?????? Why did the Iroquois use trees to build their houses? What were other cultures we talked about building their shelters from and why?


15 Wampum: Polished seashells that were hung on strings or were woven onto belts. Highly valued by the Iroquois. Could be used for: Gift to honor marriage Comfort someone after a death Symbolize an important event Used as an invitation to peaceful talks


17 EXIT TICKET... Use the information from your “Summarize” worksheet and organize these important ideas into a brief sentence on how the Iroquois lived? Then for homework, compare the Iroquois life to anyone of the cultures/civilizations from Chapter 1.

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