Presentation on theme: "Hatter Dina Tangan Mrs.Wilson January 8,2013. Women begin the process by: Dehairing the pelts Shaving and sorting the pelts by color Felting (taking."— Presentation transcript:
Women begin the process by: Dehairing the pelts Shaving and sorting the pelts by color Felting (taking raw fleece and matting it together) and fulling (fluffing up already woven or knitted piece of woolen cloth) the batts into hats Carding (cleaning, separating and straightening wool fibers) and weighing the fur
Men stepped in to: Bow the fur (remove dirt and tangles) Block dyes Stiffen and waterproof a hat
Women took over the final finish by working, trimming and adding hat bands. They immersed the hat several times in a kettle in a hot mixture of sulfuric acid, wine sediment and beer- grounds. The moist felt was then placed on sloping planks. It was worked with a rolling pin until it shrank.
Beaver skin, wool, cotton, and straw Napping comb- used to raise the nap on a new hat Brim tolliker- wooden tool used to smooth the brim Batt- flat oval shape of fur used to make one hat Block- wooden mold to shape the crown
Half of the tradesmen made hats for men. The other tradesmen made ladies hats. They made such hats as a knitted cap, a pilgrim hat, or an upturned- brim tricone.
Hatters were one of the earliest tradesmen to take business away from the British merchants because beaver skins were so easy to get in the colonies. To be a Colonial hatter you had to be patient, good with your hands, and know about animal fur.