Presentation on theme: "WEAVING TECHNIQUES AND PROCESSES. DEFINITION OF TERMS The process of interlocking or interlacing a set of verticle fiber or threads (warps) with a set."— Presentation transcript:
WEAVING TECHNIQUES AND PROCESSES
DEFINITION OF TERMS The process of interlocking or interlacing a set of verticle fiber or threads (warps) with a set of horizontal ones (wefts) on loom to create fabric, rags, or mats. WARPS These are threads that run vertically and are attached to the loom frame
WEFTS Are threads running horizontally over and undernaeth the warp threads on the loom. LOOM: Is a device through which the warp threads a stretched against the weft threads with enough tension to create a woven fabric. It is also a wooden frame fastened with nails all round on on one face to hold the warps and wefts
MATERIALS USED IN WEAVING MaterialsTools -YarnLooms - SisalKnitting needles - woolCutting blades - SilkSissors - CottonBig size needles
WEAVING PROCESS A wooden frame is made in rectangular, square or even triangular shape onto which nails are driven into at regular intervals as desired leaving at least half an inch seen. The intervals between the nails can range from 0.5cm to 2cm depending on the work to be done.
Process cont’d The warp threads are then looped around the opposite nails from one end to the other firmly followed by the hoprizontal wefts overlaping the warps over and beneath with very high tension thereby forming a woven craft..
TECHNIQUES OF WEAVING Plain/ Tabby weave: This involves a successive motion of the weft thread over and under each warp across the width of the loom as seen below:
Technique cont’d Twill weave In this technique, the floats of the wefts run over a number of warp threads to create diagonal lines or patterns
Technique cont’d Ghoiordes Knot This is a type of weave whereby a knot creates a tuft or pile cloth by being tied around two a djacent warps.
TYPES OF LOOMS Serrated Loom: this is made from a hard cardboard by cutting zigzag depressions that are very regular such that the pointed areas function as holders of warp threads.