Presentation on theme: "TECHNIQUES AND PROCESSES"— Presentation transcript:
1 TECHNIQUES AND PROCESSES WEAVINGTECHNIQUES AND PROCESSES
2 DEFINITION OF TERMSThe process of interlocking or interlacing a set of verticle fiber or threads (warps) with a set of horizontal ones (wefts) on loom to create fabric, rags, or mats.WARPSThese are threads that run vertically and are attached to the loom frame
3 WEFTS Are threads running horizontally over and undernaeth the warp threads on the loom. Is a device through which the warp threads a stretched against the weft threads with enough tension to create a woven fabric.It is also a wooden frame fastened with nails all round on on one face to hold the warps and wefts
4 MATERIALS USED IN WEAVING Tools-YarnLooms- SisalKnitting needles- woolCutting blades- SilkSissors- CottonBig size needles
5 WEAVING PROCESSA wooden frame is made in rectangular, square or even triangular shape onto which nails are driven into at regular intervals as desired leaving at least half an inch seen. The intervals between the nails can range from 0.5cm to 2cm depending on the work to be done.
6 Process cont’dThe warp threads are then looped around the opposite nails from one end to the other firmly followed by the hoprizontal wefts overlaping the warps over and beneath with very high tension thereby forming a woven craft..
7 TECHNIQUES OF WEAVING Plain/ Tabby weave: This involves a successive motionof the weft threadover and under eachwarp across the widthof the loom as seenbelow:
8 Technique cont’d Twill weave In this technique, the floats of the wefts run over anumber of warpthreads to creatediagonal lines orpatterns
9 Technique cont’d Ghoiordes Knot This is a type of weave whereby a knot creates atuft or pile clothby being tiedaround two adjacent warps.
10 TYPES OF LOOMSSerrated Loom: this is made from a hard cardboard by cutting zigzag depressions that are very regular such that the pointed areas function as holders of warp threads.