Presentation on theme: "Introduction The Skeletomuscular System is the system which makes up the skeleton and muscles which allows the organism to move. It is the foundation."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction The Skeletomuscular System is the system which makes up the skeleton and muscles which allows the organism to move. It is the foundation of the body, and provides strength and structure to the body. Without it, the body would be frail and would be unable to move. It gives the body shape and size for vertebrates. The organs that make up the skeletomuscular system are bones and muscles It is a vital part of a vertebrate’s body.
The Skeleton It is the base of the body, providing strength and protection necessary for survival. Bone is made of mainly calcium phosphate It contains marrow to produce new blood cells. Bone is a composite material that is relatively hard and lightweight. Bone is made up of living cells within an organic matrix The bone has an internal weaved structure There are two types of weave: Woven and lamellar (Osseous Tissue) Woven is weaker and is used at the start of growth and repair Lamellar is woven in parallel and much stronger. It usually replaces woven The types of cell in the Bone are Osteoblalsts And Osteocytes
Diseases of the Skeletomuscular System If the Skeletomuscular system fails it could leave the body sore, frail or in vegetableizsed state. These Failures are generally diseases. Such Diseases can be muscle or bone diseases and because muscles are linked to the nerves, a malfunction in the nervous system could also affect the skeletomuscular system. Some diseases are Osteomyelitis generally caused by pyogenic bacteria and/or mycobacteria. The disease itself impairs blood flow with pus and devitalizes bone. Glycogen storage disease is the result of a several inborn errors of metabolism which originate from enzyme defects which affects the processing of glycogen in the liver and muscles. Klippel-Feil syndrome is a rare syndrome which comes from the fusion of two neck vertebrae. The most common signs of the disorder are short neck, low hairline at the back of the head, and restricted mobility of the upper spine.
Muscleaneous Facts The tongue is not the strongest muscle in the body, There are approximately 650 muscles in the human body It is sixteen muscles. The strongest muscle is either the masseter in the jaw, Or the quadriceps femoris (gluteus maximus) (Depending on definition) At full rate, muscle can produce 3.35kW (4&1/2 horsepower) The heart only produces 1-5 watts of power However, throughout a lifetime, the heart produces a total of 2-3x10 9
Acknowledgements By Yibo Weng,Robin Watson,Toby Sutherland, and David Te Maari.