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Bioeconomy: Integrating 2 nd Generation Biorefinery to Sustainable Green Manufacturing Roundtable on the Future of Bio-Based Economy in Canada, May 11,

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Presentation on theme: "Bioeconomy: Integrating 2 nd Generation Biorefinery to Sustainable Green Manufacturing Roundtable on the Future of Bio-Based Economy in Canada, May 11,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Bioeconomy: Integrating 2 nd Generation Biorefinery to Sustainable Green Manufacturing Roundtable on the Future of Bio-Based Economy in Canada, May 11, 2009 National Arts Centre, Panorama Room Amar K. Mohanty Bioproducts Discovery & Development Centre (BDDC) Dept. Plant Agriculture & School of Engineering Dept. Plant Agriculture & School of Engineering Green Transportation Green Transportation Parts (Car, Bus & Railway) Innovation: In Green Tech. Green Building Green Furniture Green Furniture Sustainable SustainablePackaging

2  Innovation During Recession: Position Businesses Strongly & Uniquely. Recession: Asses The Current Focus of R&D: Identify: Future Needs Change Innovation Strategy Market Needs Market Dynamics New Ideas Recession: Time to Innovate  Recession: Polyethylene Discovered: by ICI, UK  1957 Recession: Semi- conductors to market: 1 st Time  1957: Burger King Corp. a Recession Start-up: Now 11,000 locations in 65 countries  1974 Recession: Microsoft was born  Early 1980s Recession: Tech boom of last decade  During great depression: Hewlett Packard Success Mantra for Innovations: Exploiting Unique Intellectual Capital Beyond Bioethanol, Biodiesel: Biorefinery: Key to Economic Recovery

3 Biomaterials Plastics Car Parts Biofiber- composites Paints Carpets Bioenergy Bio- Fuels Bioethanol Biobutanol Biodiesel Fine chemicals Biochemicals BIO-PRODUCTS BIO-PRODUCTS (Industrial Products) (Industrial Products) Excludes: Food & Feed, Traditional Wood Products Bio-Electricity Biogas Gift of Agri- culture Bioeconomy: A Reduced Carbon Economy Packaging Building Products Furniture Lubricants A. J. Ragauskas, et al, Science,311,484 (2006)

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5 BioPlastics: Multi-products from Biofuel BiobasedPolyethylene(Bio-PE) Epichlorohydrin Raw Material for Epoxy Biofuels of Today: Bioethanol & Biodiesel Biproduct:Glycerol SOLVAY: 100K metric tons/yr. By 2009 End Green PE Braskem: Green PE: 200K tons/yr: end of 2009 Dow & Crystalsev: Green PE: 350K tons/yr: 2011 tons/yr: 2011 A Multi-product Biorefinery Approach: Sustainable Bioeconomy

6 UN: 2009 International Year of Natural Fibres HEMP COIR WOOD JUTEHENEQUEN KENAF Woven JUTE Cloth GRASS CORN Source: A. K. Mohanty et. al. in Natural Fibers, Biopolymers and Biocomposites, Edn.: A. K. Mohanty et al., p. 1-36, CRC Press Glass (Synthetic)

7 Biofiber-PP Biocomposites Biofiber-Thermoset Biocomposites Source: DaimlerChrysler HighTech. Report 1999, p Biocomposites: Bio-Autoparts Ref.: Plastics Technology, October 1999 Photo: Kafus Bio-composites Kenaf-PP Epoxy-Flax based Biocomposites Injection molded Biocomposites (Europe) Courtesy: Hugh S. McKee Courtesy: FORD World Aug 6, 2007 Soy-based Foams (FORD Mustang)

8 Biofuels & Biomaterials for Cars Not New! Photo: April 1933 “Corn Alcohol Gasoline ” (10% Blend) Bio-Fuel Bio-Material Biofuel selling of Earl Coryell Lincoln, Nebraska Gas Station Use of Soy based Bioplastic in car (Henry Ford in 1941) Source: W. F. Powers, Advanced Materials & Processes, May 2000, p Source: alcohol.jpg (Accessed Sept. 8, 07) New York Times: Sept. 20, 1925 Goodyear & Novamont BioTRED Tyres Source: Collin Don, Nov. 28, 2005

9 (Accessed: October 22, 2006) Warwick University, PVAXX Research and Motorola: Biodegradable phone cover: Prototype shown at the Science Museum in London. Biodegradable Mobile Phone Case: Turns into Sunflower!

10 By using 100 million PLA containers per year, the firm will save the equivalent of 800,000 gallons of gasoline and reduce Green- House-Gas emission by 11 million pounds. “By using 100 million PLA containers per year, the firm will save the equivalent of 800,000 gallons of gasoline and reduce Green- House-Gas emission by 11 million pounds”. F. Esposito, Plastics News, October 24, Wal-Mart & Home Deport: Sustainable Move As per the estimation of Wal-Mart’s officials: Courtesy: Wal-Mart: “Sustainability 360”: …” To Remove Nonrenewable Energy from Lives…..” Home Depot’s Green Initiative: Special treatment to Suppliers who Restricts Carbon Emission & hold close Sustainability Eco Products: Environmentally Friendly or have certain Ecological Feat Criteria… Ref.: SPC Newsletter: January 2007

11 Recyclable, Lightweight & Green: Sustainable Materials: Auto-parts Source of picture: Dr. Surendra Kulkarni, Polymer Processing Society: 25 th Annual, Mar 1-4, 2009, Goa, INDIA Mazda: 2006 a prototype of an instrument panel — made from 88% corn and 12% petroleum — for one of its hybrid cars. Nature, Vol.446,12 April 2007 Bioplastic in Car Hybrid Technology: The Way to Go

12 How Green are Green Materials ?  Sustainability: Biopolymers: Debate & Divergent Views !  Many Bioplastics & Green Plastics: Recyclable  Large scale & Continuous vs. Batch Type Production Renewable Recyclable/Biobased TriggeredBiodegradable SUSTAINABLE Commercial Viability & Environmental Acceptability SUSTAINABLE GREEN MATERIALS


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