Presentation on theme: "TEXTILE ARTS Objects constructed using fibres that are aesthetic or functional. Textile art is the creation of textiles or creation with textiles. A fibre."— Presentation transcript:
TEXTILE ARTS Objects constructed using fibres that are aesthetic or functional. Textile art is the creation of textiles or creation with textiles. A fibre is a unit of matter that is at least 100 times longer than it is thick
Factors that influence the textile arts of a country Traditions Religion Climate and Geographic location Landform Availability of resources and environment Technology improvements Social status Living standards and economy Tourism Government policies Social change eg war, emancipation of women Peer pressure Consumer needs and wants
Indonesia 17,508 islands On the equator, average temperature 27 two seasons– wet (October and April is low season), and dry, there are no extremes of winter and summer.
Indonesian Dress Songket silk Stagen or belt Sarong- sewn together Kain panjang- if left unsewn & longer Kebaya Kemben- is a long narrow strip of batik cloth, tightly wound around the chest and left the shoulder bare.
Men’s Clothing Jarit or Bebed Men kain panjang, tightened with stagen. Surjan Men traditional long sleeved shirt and the material is not batik. Beskap Instead of wearing surjan, the men wear a coat, the materials is not batik. Blangkon It is a headgear made from batik. Keris The dagger is worn at backside of the waist, as a compliment to the dress.
Kemben- cloth worn tightly around chest
Selendeng- shawl Similar in size and shape to the kemben. Highly functional piece of cloth which can be draped around the head in various ways. Most women in Java wear selendang so that they can carry personal objects
Sarong with kebaya – long sleeve jacket Selendang around neck Ikat kepala or Head- cloth is usually worn by men at formal occasions. The ikat head cloth can be tied in a various ways to form a turban. At one time you could tell the rank of a man in Indonesia by the way he wore his turban.
Indonesian Clothing Kemben Kebaya Stagen (belt) Sarong
Fibres Used Songket Silk- gold and silver threads are woven into the cloth to create complex motifs of birds, butterflies and flowers. Tapa fibre and beater Cotton Jute Pineapple Fibre Palm Leaf Coir from coconut husks Silk
Batik Tulis (write) Resist Dyeing Technique Tjanting (canting) used with wax Is produced by women Cotton or silk fibres used Batik wax is a mix of beeswax and paraffin, Beeswax is soft, pliable, and blocks completely, no cracking. Paraffin is more brittle, and lets dye penetrate wherever cracks form.
Cap Creating batik is a very time consuming craft so in 19 th century the cap. (copper stamp - pronounced chop) was developed. This invention enabled a higher volume of batik production Men usually used the cap Each cap is a copper block that makes up a design unit.
Batik designs Kawung is a very old design consisting of intersecting circles, known in Java Ceplok is a general name for a whole series of geometric designs based on squares, rhombs, circles, stars, etc. Although fundamentally geometric, ceplok can also represent abstractions and stylisation of flowers, buds, seeds and even animals. There is two main kind of batik designs: geometric and free form. Parang was once used exclusively by the royal courts of Central Java. The Hindus introduced the sacred bird - Garuda, the sacred flower - lotus, the dragon - Naga and the tree of life. Islam, since it forbids the depiction of humans or animals, brought stylized and modified ornaments as symbols, i.e., flowers and geometric designs.
Ikat Weaving Backstrap loom
Weft Ikat weaving- weft threads are dyed to create the design and then woven with plain warp threads. These cloths are recognisable by their abstract designs and bright colours. Geringsing, or double-ikat weaving is the most sought after. This is when both the warp and weft threads are dyed to their final designs before being woven together Ikat cotton threads
Dyes Traditional colours for Central Javanese batik were made from natural ingredients and consisted primarily of beige, blue, brown and black. The oldest colour used in traditional batik was blue. The colour was from the leaves of the Indigo plant. In traditional batik, the second colour applied was a brown colour called soga. The colour could range from light yellow to a dark brown. The dye came from the bark of the Soga tree. Another colour that was traditionally used was a dark red colour called mengkuda. This dye was created from the leaves of the Morinda Citrifolia. Men usually did the dyeing process, and dances or ceremonies were performed to ensure a successful result.
Wedding dress Certain batik designs are reserved for brides and bridegrooms Some designs are reserved for the Sultan and his family or their attendants. A person's rank could be determined by the pattern of the batik worn. Cremation Blessing Ceremony Purification Ceremony Kites Masks Cultural ceremony
Today Modern batik uses lines of leaves, flowers and birds. No longer dependent on traditional (natural) dyes, as chemical dyes can produce any colour that they wish to achieve. Modern batik still uses canting and cap to create intricate designs Modern styles of clothing and furnishings use batik. Use man made fibres Use automated machinery to weave fabrics