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Industry Chapter 11 An Introduction to Human Geography

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Presentation on theme: "Industry Chapter 11 An Introduction to Human Geography"— Presentation transcript:

1 Industry Chapter 11 An Introduction to Human Geography
The Cultural Landscape, 9e James M. Rubenstein Chapter 11 Industry Geog 1050 Victoria Alapo, Instructor

2 Industrial Revolution Hearths
The Industrial Revolution originated in areas of northern England. Factories often clustered near coalfields.

3 World Industrial Regions
North America Industrialized areas in North America Changing distribution of U.S. manufacturing “Brownfields” i.e. old abandoned factories Europe Western Europe Eastern Europe East Asia

4 Manufacturing Regions
The world’s major manufacturing regions are found in North America, Europe, and East Asia. Other manufacturing centers are also found elsewhere.

5 Industrial Regions of North America
The major industrial regions of North America are clustered in the northeast U.S. and southeastern Canada, although there are other important centers.

6 Industrial Location Site & Situation Factors Land Labor Capital
Location near inputs/raw materials Location near markets Transport choices (availability of rail, highways, airports, etc)

7 Cotton Yarn Production
Production of cotton yarn from fiber is clustered in major cotton growing countries, including the U.S., China, India, Pakistan, and Russia.

8 Woven Cotton Fabric Production
Production of woven cotton fabric is labor intensive and is likely to be located in LDCs. China and India account for over 75% of world production.

9 Shirt Production Sewing cotton fabric into men’s and boys’ shirts is more likely to be located near customers in MDCs, but much production now occurs in LDCs.

10 Electronic Computer Industry
Computer and parts manufacturing requires highly skilled workers and capital. It is clustered in the Northeast and the West Coast.

11 Steel Production, 1973 and 2002 About 60% of global steel production takes place in MDCs in 2002, compared to 90% in Growth of steel manufacturing in China has been especially dramatic.

12 Change in Steel Production, 1973–2002
Steel production has generally declined in MDCs and increased in LDCs, especially in China, India, Brazil, and South Korea.

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