Presentation on theme: "Industry Chapter 11 An Introduction to Human Geography"— Presentation transcript:
1Industry Chapter 11 An Introduction to Human Geography The Cultural Landscape, 9eJames M. RubensteinChapter 11IndustryGeog 1050Victoria Alapo, Instructor
2Industrial Revolution Hearths The Industrial Revolution originated in areas of northern England.Factories often clustered near coalfields.
3World Industrial Regions North AmericaIndustrialized areas in North AmericaChanging distribution of U.S. manufacturing“Brownfields” i.e. old abandoned factoriesEuropeWestern EuropeEastern EuropeEast Asia
4Manufacturing Regions The world’s major manufacturing regions are found in North America, Europe, and East Asia. Other manufacturing centers are also found elsewhere.
5Industrial Regions of North America The major industrial regions of North America are clustered in the northeast U.S. and southeastern Canada, although there are other important centers.
6Industrial Location Site & Situation Factors Land Labor Capital Location near inputs/raw materialsLocation near marketsTransport choices (availability of rail, highways, airports, etc)
7Cotton Yarn Production Production of cotton yarn from fiber is clustered in major cotton growing countries, including the U.S., China, India, Pakistan, and Russia.
8Woven Cotton Fabric Production Production of woven cotton fabric is labor intensive and is likely to be located in LDCs. China and India account for over 75% of world production.
9Shirt ProductionSewing cotton fabric into men’s and boys’ shirts is more likely to be located near customers in MDCs, but much production now occurs in LDCs.
10Electronic Computer Industry Computer and parts manufacturing requires highly skilled workers and capital.It is clustered in the Northeast and the West Coast.
11Steel Production, 1973 and 2002About 60% of global steel production takes place in MDCs in 2002, compared to 90% in Growth of steel manufacturing in China has been especially dramatic.
12Change in Steel Production, 1973–2002 Steel production has generally declined in MDCs and increased in LDCs,especially in China, India, Brazil, and South Korea.