Society Political institutions Inventions Culture/religion Economic system
Introduction/Review “Mesoamerica” means “Middle America” in Greek. Chapter 4 introduced “pre-classical” Mesoamerican civilizations. Olmecs in Mexico 1200 - 400 BCE Chavin in Peru 900 - 250 BCE “Classic civilizations” built on great traditions created by earlier cultures
Maya 250 CE - 900 CE Teotihuacan 100 BCE - 750 CE Olmec 1200 BCE - 400 BCE
Human Sacrifice All Mesoamerican groups practiced human sacrifice A sacred duty towards the gods and essential to the well being of society.
Over 60 victims found during the excavation of the Temple of Quetzalcoatal in TeotihuacanOver 60 victims found during the excavation of the Temple of Quetzalcoatal in Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan First civilization of Classic Period Founded 100 BCE 450 - 600 CE largest city in the Americas with 125,000 to 200,000 inhabitants. Religious and commercial center. Teotihuacan Overview
Politics Ruled by an oligarchy = from the Greek words " ὀ λίγος" "a few” and the verb " ἄ ρχω” "to rule, to govern, to command". Such states are often controlled by a few prominent families who pass their influence from one generation to the next. Oligarchy = Rule by a fewOligarchy = Rule by a few
Military No walls around city before 500 CE No murals of military conquest Not an imperial state Probably used to expand trade into Mayan region
Decline 650 CE WE DON”T KNOW WHY! Clues: After 500 CE population declines and walls around city are built. Murals depict a violent time Temples and buildings pulled down religious images defaced Internal conflict or external attack?
End of the Maya For some reason the city was abandoned around 1300. If the Spanish had not made it policy to kill all the Mayan Priests and burn all their books when they arrived in Mexico, we would all have more answers.