Presentation on theme: "LandArt LandArt, Willow day Diana Tóthová Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra."— Presentation transcript:
LandArt LandArt, Willow day Diana Tóthová Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra
LandArt Art in the Nature Land art, Earthworks or Earth art is an art movement which emerged in the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s, in which landscape and the work of art are inextricably linked. This art form is created in nature and it uses natural materials such as stones, leaves, flowers, branches or soil. Sculptures are not placed in the landscape; rather the landscape is the very means of their creation. The works frequently exist in the open, located well away from civilization, left to change and erode under natural conditions. ( source: Wikipedia)
Living tree structures Could be created from young trees which are woven and shaped to some structure (elm, maple). From cuttings of easy rooted and fast growing trees (willow, poplar). Cuttings are planted and woven to desired design.
Fencing Border edging and frames Shading Baskets and other things for daily use Plants support Screens Decoration Furniture Basketry many usings of willow osiers
Willow (Salix) over 300 species, hundreads of hybrids and cultivars Water-loving trees characteristic for lakesides, river valleys and water logged or prone to flooding places. They are not demanding on the soil quality, but they require open areas Landscape use–planting along rivers, greenery planting of waste dumps, pioneering trees, soil protection from erosion (S. cinerea, S. fluviatilis, S. alba, S. viminalis) Importance for bees –Beekeping (S. caprea, S. muscina, S. triandra ´Semperflorens´) Environmental importance –for an insect, birds nesting
Ornamental value – gardens, parks – weeping forms, colourfoul leaves, colour of bark in winter (Salix matsudana, S. tortuosa, S. caprea, S. alba and other varietes) Short coppice – biomass (Salix triandra x S. viminalis, S. alba hybrids) Willow wawing – basketry, living structures (S. viminalis, S. purpurea, S.alba, Salix Alba x Fragilis) Medicinal use – the bark produces a compononent of the drug aspirin - salicylic acid
Willow tree of Enchantment „To the ancient Celts the willow was the Tree of Enchantment and Mysteries, a feminine tree that was ruled by the moon, with a great influence over the vision-producing subconscious.“ Being in the company of willow was believed to promote and increase psychic and intuitive powers, making dreams more vivid and more open to interpretation. Groves of willows were considered magical to poets, musicians, and priests. They would meditate within them enhance their visionary skills and to gain inspiration and clarity of mind. „The watery willow encourages the expression of deeply buried feelings, easing sadness through tears and grieving, and teaching the consequences of love and loss in matters of the heart. „The willow reminds us of the need to let go sometimes, to surrender completely to watery world of the emotions and the subconscious, so that we may be carried toward a deeper understanding of our innermost feeling, toward a better appreciation of hidden motives and secret fears and desires.“ Jane Gifford: the Celtic Wisdom of Trees, 2000
Inspiration from abroad: Willow domes (ENGLAND) LIVING WILLOW STRUCTURE WILLOW NURSERY YORKSHIRE WILLOW
Good to see: SANFTE STRUKTUREN (GERMANY)
Július Lalák ( SLOVAKIA)
Growing of Willow Willow is easy to grow, but we have to respect her demands on environmental conditions. Nearly all willows grow well on moist soil, (only Salix caprea can grow on a bit dry soil), they can grow even in veryy wet, damp soils. Otherwise they will need an additional irrigation in dry summers. They prefers open areas. They can be easy propagated from cuttings in early spring (Feb – March). They enroot easily and grow fast. For planting we use app. 20 cm long young woody cuttings. Cuttings are pushed into the soil leaving about 3-5 cm above the surface. We can use metal bar to help make a hole At Masek mlyn we established a field with different sorts of willow in spring We still work on developing our selection at “Salicarium”.
Using of willow in rural environment Masek Mill, Horny Ohaj, Slovakia Willow Day, II. Year, 7 March 2009,
In 2009 we used our own willow sticks from the field to make a fence for a small kitchen garden. The idea was to meet with other similar thinking people, work on something together and have a chat about willow and how to grow and use it in the garden. This workshop was a part of the event called as a Willow day. There was another group of people working inside and making baskets.
In next summer some of our sticks sprouted from a buds making our work „alive“. It looked very well especially an arch. Creating living willow structures as a dome or tunnel are easy to make and it can be interesting mainly for children. It requires little skill. It could be usefull for larger using
Willow structures suit the best to rural areas. There is many options how to use it. These photos from our garden and fields show some possibilities. Dried willow fence of Vegetable garden Living fence Simple willow support for bean plants Plant Grow Through
This project was made in collaboration with Peter Trubini (Lucnica nad Zitavou) who makes playgrounds for children from acacia wood. He made a frame for an arbour and two wooden hedgehogs with prickles made from willow sticks. We made a wickerwork for the arbour.
Living willow dome with mill stone used as a table is a dominant element on the field with willow plantation in the background This year we would like to make a tunnel leading into the willow dome
LandArt - Marek Rakovsky Side Event of Willow Day Marek is our friend living in near village Machulince. We together belong to community People of Zitava valley (see: His hobbies are land art, didgeridoo, archeology in an amateurish way and walking in nature with his dog Pluto.www.zitava.sk He likes gathering stones and other things which river Zitava deposits along her shores and then use them for a making a mosaics. These mosaics combine natural materials as stones, shells or branches with rubbish which people foolishly just throw into river. There are pieces of glass bottles, bricks and ceramics nicely washed by river, some iron, plastics and so on.
But although it is a rubbish Marek use it for a making something nice from it and moreover by picking the rubbish from the nature also clean the river environment. We could see his work at the family farm Masek mill where the Willow day event was held last year It was really surprising to see what everything can people throw away. The river is a source of life and it is needed to protect it from all bad influences.
Thanks for attention 1.www.joern.dk/.../land%20art%20sna ke%20anholt.jpgwww.joern.dk/.../land%20art%20sna ke%20anholt.jpg 2.www.studiodownstairs.org.dk/landart 3.www.greenme.it/.../land_art_1.jpgwww.greenme.it/.../land_art_1.jpg 4.www.camelot- creations.org.uk/Land%20art%202.JP Gwww.camelot- creations.org.uk/Land%20art%202.JP G 5.http://www.flickr.com/photos/valerioago lino/ /http://www.flickr.com/photos/valerioago lino/ / 6.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Land_art_Wales.jpghttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Land_art_Wales.jpg 7.http://www.naturbauten.com/bilder.htmhttp://www.naturbauten.com/bilder.htm 8.http://www.zitava.skhttp://www.zitava.sk 9.http://www.probertencyclopaedia.c om/photolib/plants/Willow%20Tree.htm Used pictures from internet 10.http://northernshade.ca/2009/04/12/sp ring-gardening-reveals-early-green- foliage/Rrrhttp://northernshade.ca/2009/04/12/sp ring-gardening-reveals-early-green- foliage/Rrr 11.www.techimo.com/.../medium/WillowTr eeBlowing.jpgwww.techimo.com/.../medium/WillowTr eeBlowing.jpg 12.http://www.westernwildflower.com/Hike s/Solano%20County/Lynch%20Canyon/ %20Middle%20Valley/ %20Lynch%20&%20Middle%20V%20pho tos/sm%20%28103%29%20Willow%20Tr ee.jpg