Presentation on theme: "WARM UP QUESTION Which list of Niger River regions is in order from MOST rainfall to LEAST? A. Sahel, savannah, rainforest, Sahara B. Sahel, rainforest,"— Presentation transcript:
1WARM UP QUESTIONWhich list of Niger River regions is in order from MOST rainfall to LEAST?A. Sahel, savannah, rainforest, SaharaB. Sahel, rainforest, savannah, SaharaC. rain forest, Sahel, savannah, SaharaD. rain forest, savannah, Sahel, Sahara
2Historical and Artistic Traditions of West Africa None of the early African empires we’ve studied developed a written language. How do you think people pass down traditions and history if they can’t write it down??
3Does your family have some stories that they tell again and again?? Oral HistoryWhen people lack a written language they use spoken words to record their history.Does your family have some stories that they tell again and again??
4Griots Griots were West African storytellers They were highly respectedTheir job was to remember and pass on their people’s historyThey had to remember hundreds of names and events
5ProverbsGriots passed on more than stories, they also recited proverbsProverbs are short sayings of wisdom or truth
6West African Proverbs “It takes a village to raise a child.” “Talking doesn't fill the basket in the farm.”“Rats don't dance in the cat's doorway.”
7Epics Epics are long poems about kingdoms and heroes The Sundiata is an epic about Mali’s king SundiataThe epic tells how Sundiata’s family was killed by a conqueror when he was a boy, but Sundiata was spared because he looked weak. As a grown man, Sundiata overthrew the conquering king.
8HistoriesMuch of what we know about West Africa comes from the writings of Muslim travelers and scholarsOne writer was Ibn Battutah- he described the political and cultural lives of West AfricansEuropeans learned about Africa from another traveler/writer named Leo AfricanusIbn Battutah’s travels
9SculptureWest Africa was famous for its statues made of wood, brass, clay, ivory, stoneSculptures of people were often used for ancestor worshipAfrican artists were deeply respectedPablo Picasso was influenced by African artBronze sculpture, Mali, 1500s
10Masks & Clothing Carved masks of animals used for dance rituals Africans wove special cloth called Kente that was used for special occasionsKente cloth is a hand-woven, brightly colored fabricAntelope mask, West Africa
11Music & DanceMusic and dance were forms of entertainment and helped people honor their historyDancing used for celebration at weddings, funerals
12Review QuestionsAfrican storytellers who memorize and recite the names and histories of their people are calleda. griots.b. kente.c. Dausi.d. Battuta.
13Review QuestionsHow was music and dance incorporated into the lives of the people of early West Africa?a. It played only a small role.b. Children were taught that music and dance were evil forms of entertainment.c. It was entertainment and also a way to celebrate their history and other important events.d. Only very important citizens were allowed toplay music or dance.
14Review QuestionsIn what way is the musical tradition of the early West African empires present today?a. in epicsb. in historiesc. in wedding and funeral dancesd. in the proverbs
15Review QuestionsWhich of the following best describes the subject of a West African sculpture?a favorite family petthe sculptor’s grandfathera cow or other animal used as foodan important tree or plant
16Review QuestionsFor special occasions, West African kings and queens wore garments made ofa. cotton with gold thread.b. finely woven silk.c. kente.d. highly polished ebony wood.
17Review QuestionsMuch of what we know about early West Africa comes from the writing of travelers and scholars from Muslim lands such as Spain and Arabia.What is the BEST inference you can make from this statement?a. The people of West Africa were not interested in keeping track of their histories.b. The people of West Africa never traveled beyond the borders of their empire.c. The people of West Africa left no written histories oftheir own.d. Very few travelers ever visited early West Africa empires.