Presentation on theme: "4.01 Basic Home Textiles Housing I. Natural Fibers Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals Cellulose fibers Come from plants Protein fibers Come from."— Presentation transcript:
4.01 Basic Home Textiles Housing I
Natural Fibers Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals Cellulose fibers Come from plants Protein fibers Come from animals
COTTON ADVANTAGES strong, durable, absorbent, washable DISAVANTAGES Wrinkles Shrinks unless treated Soils Not mildew resistant Very flammable unless treated Used in home furnishings as: rugs towels bedding curtains chintz upholstery
FLAX (Linen) ADVANTAGES strongest natural fiber lint-free, absorbent, ages well can withstand frequent laundering DISADVANTAGES expensive, wrinkles easily, highly flammable, not mildew-resistant Used in home furnishings as: drapery upholstery tablecloths kitchen towels
RAMIE ADVANTAGES High gloss or shine Dyes well DISADVANTAGES Shrinks Used in home interiors as : Table linens
SILK ADVANTAGES strong, smooth, stain and wrinkle resistant, absorbent, dyes well, washable or dry-clean DISADVANTAGES expensive, damaged by bleach & light, not insect resistant yellows Used in home furnishings as: drapery lampshades, wall coverings upholstery
WOOL ADVANTAGES soft, durable, resilient, long-lasting, soil and fire resistant DISADVANTAGES expensive, shrinks, may cause allergic reactions, not moth resistant, hard to clean if deeply soiled Used in home furnishings as: Plush & Berber carpet Fine rugs (oriental) Blankets Upholstery drapery
Animal Skins Leather: soft, resists stains, fading, cracking Fur: soft, can be expensive Used in home furnishings as: 1. Leather: upholstery 2. Fur: rugs, pillows
Textile Identification Project Task: identify 9 of 10 from the list below or PP Notes (1each) 1.Woven 2.Non woven 3.Knit 4.Cotton 5.Silk 6.Ramie 7.Wool 8.Animal 9.Flax 10.Man made Grade Criteria: Expectations Rating Exceeded Met Somewhat met Did not meet Neat (1.5X1.5,Clean edges, arrangement) Labeled (typed, neatly written, not labeled) 9 Swatches (8-6, 5-4, 3or less) Clean-up (Floor, supplies, fabric tools) On Time (Thursday in class)
Front Inside Textile Project Label stain weave, nylon 1 Plain weave, cotton 2 Non woven 3 cotton twill weave 5 man-made Nylon-rayon 6 knit 7 nap man- made 8 wool, jacquard weave 9 Olefin
Manufactured or Synthetic fibers Man-made with chemicals and other products. Can be combined with natural fibers to create a blend.
NYLON ADVANTAGES Very durable Easily maintained Resist matting Mold, mildew, moth- proof DISADVANTAGES attracts dirt, pilling, fades, generates static Used in home furnishings as: Carpet and rugs
RAYON ADVANTAGES absorbent, easily dyed, drapes well, can be washed with care DISADVANTAGES wrinkles easily, shrinks in hot water, highly flammable, can fade Used in home furnishings as: Drapery Bedding Upholstery Slipcovers Table linens
Polyester ADVANTAGES Soft & Durable Resists stains & soil Easily dyed Often blended w/ cotton DISADVANTAGES generates static, subject to certain stains pills, not absorbent, lower grade carpets wear quickly Used in home furnishings as : Curtains, window scarves, pleated shades, fiberfill pillows and bedding, upholstery carpet
Olefin ADVANTAGES strong, nonabsorbent, resist stains & static extremely colorfast inexpensive DISAVANTAGES crushes easily, sensitive to heat, limited colors & designs Used in home furnishings as: Carpet (indoor & outdoor) Decorative rugs
Acetate ADVANTAGES Drapes well Does not shrink Dyes easily DISADVANTAGES Weak Heat sensitive Uses in home furnishings Bedspreads Drapery Upholstery
Acrylic ADVANTAGES Appearance & feel of wool Low static Resist mildew & moisture DISADVANTAGES Subject to pilling Used in home furnishings as: Blankets Rugs Carpets
FABRIC CONSTRUCTION Yarns: natural or manufactured fibers that are twisted together and woven into fabric. May be dyed as individual yarns or as one whole piece fabric at a later time.
Yarns: 2 or more sets of threads are interlaced at right angles WARP WARP: set of threads that run lengthwise WEFT WEFT: set of threads that run crosswise
YARNS Grain Grain: the direction threads run in a woven fabric Nap Nap:a layer of fiber ends that stand up from the surface of the fabric Blend Blend:yarn that is made from 2 or more types of fibers ex: natural & manufactured. Produces a better quality product. Cotton/poly blend in drapes, bedding, etc.
Arrow is with the grain (parallel to the selvage) Diagonal line indicates against the grain or on the bias (fabric stretches when pulled)
Types of Weaves Plain Plain: simplest pattern that is as strong one direction as it is in the other The weft yarn goes over and under each warp yarn
Types of Weaves Satin Satin: has long floats (portions of yarn) on the surface of the fabric. Either the warp yarns or the weft yarns float over 4 or more opposite yarns, then go under one. This is a smooth and slippery weave. Good for lining of drapery.
Types of Weaves Twill Twill: the warp or the weft passes over 2 or more yarns. Can be both even and uneven. This type of weave is stronger than a plain weave but tends to show soil less quickly.
Types of Weaves Jacquard Jacquard: Used for damask, tapestry, and brocades. Used in very formal type of interiors, living rooms, dining rooms, pillows Leno Leno: used for curtains and thermal blankets
Types of Weaves Non-Wovens Non-Wovens: made by joining fibers together by heat, moisture, chemicals, friction, and pressure. EX: vinyl and other plastic materials and leather
Textile Fibers Product Identification Act This law specifies what must appear on the label; 1.the fiber content by highest % listed first 2.Country of origin 3.Care information
Wool Products Labeling Act Requires the manufacturer to include the labeling, identifying, and amount of natural fiber that comes from an animal. Must list the country of origin and % of each type of wool used Flammable Fabrics Act Law that prevents manufacturers from producing and selling home interiors products that burn quickly.