5RAMIE ADVANTAGES High gloss or shine Dyes well DISADVANTAGES Shrinks Used in home interiors as :Table linens
6SILK ADVANTAGES strong, smooth, stain and wrinkle resistant, absorbent, dyes well,washable or dry-cleanDISADVANTAGESexpensive,damaged by bleach & light,not insect resistantyellowsUsed in home furnishings as:draperylampshades,wall coveringsupholstery
7WOOL Used in home furnishings as: Plush & Berber carpet ADVANTAGESsoft, durable,resilient,long-lasting,soil and fire resistantDISADVANTAGESexpensive,shrinks, may cause allergic reactions,not moth resistant,hard to clean if deeply soiledUsed in home furnishings as:Plush & Berber carpetFine rugs (oriental)BlanketsUpholsterydrapery
8Animal Skins Leather: soft, resists stains, fading, cracking Fur: soft, can be expensiveUsed in home furnishings as:1. Leather: upholstery2. Fur: rugs, pillows
9Textile Identification Project Task: identify 9 of 10 from the list below or PP Notes (1each)WovenNon wovenKnitCottonSilkRamieWoolAnimalFlaxMan madeGrade Criteria:Expectations RatingExceeded Met Somewhat met Did not meetNeat (1.5X1.5,Clean edges, arrangement)Labeled (typed, neatly written, not labeled)9 Swatches (8-6, 5-4, 3or less)Clean-up (Floor, supplies, fabric tools)On Time (Thursday in class)
11Manufactured or Synthetic fibers Man-made with chemicals and other products. Can be combined with natural fibers to create a blend.
12NYLON Used in home furnishings as: Carpet and rugs ADVANTAGES Very durableEasily maintainedResist mattingMold, mildew, moth-proofDISADVANTAGESattracts dirt,pilling,fades,generates staticUsed in home furnishings as:Carpet and rugs
13RAYON Used in home furnishings as: Drapery Bedding Upholstery ADVANTAGESabsorbent,easily dyed,drapes well,can be washed with careDISADVANTAGESwrinkles easily,shrinks in hot water,highly flammable,can fadeUsed in home furnishings as:DraperyBeddingUpholsterySlipcoversTable linens
14Polyester Used in home furnishings as : ADVANTAGESSoft & DurableResists stains & soilEasily dyedOften blended w/ cottonDISADVANTAGESgenerates static,subject to certain stainspills,not absorbent,lower grade carpets wear quicklyUsed in home furnishings as :Curtains, window scarves, pleated shades,fiberfill pillows and bedding,upholsterycarpet
15Olefin Used in home furnishings as: Carpet (indoor & outdoor) ADVANTAGESstrong,nonabsorbent,resist stains & staticextremely colorfastinexpensiveDISAVANTAGEScrushes easily,sensitive to heat,limited colors & designsUsed in home furnishings as:Carpet (indoor & outdoor)Decorative rugs
16Acetate ADVANTAGES Drapes well Does not shrink Dyes easily DISADVANTAGESWeakHeat sensitiveUses in home furnishingsBedspreadsDraperyUpholstery
17Acrylic ADVANTAGES Appearance & feel of wool Low static Resist mildew & moistureDISADVANTAGESSubject to pillingUsed in home furnishings as:BlanketsRugsCarpets
18FABRIC CONSTRUCTIONYarns: natural or manufactured fibers that are twisted together and woven into fabric.May be dyed as individual yarns or as one whole piece fabric at a later time.
19Yarns: 2 or more sets of threads are interlaced at right angles WARP: set of threads that run lengthwiseWEFT: set of threads that run crosswise
20YARNS Grain: the direction threads run in a woven fabric Nap:a layer of fiber ends that stand up from the surface of the fabricBlend:yarn that is made from 2 or more types of fibers ex: natural & manufactured. Produces a better quality product. Cotton/poly blend in drapes, bedding, etc.
21Diagonal line indicates against the grain or on the bias (fabric stretches when pulled) Arrow is with the grain(parallel to the selvage)
22Types of WeavesPlain: simplest pattern that is as strong one direction as it is in the otherThe weft yarn goes over and under each warp yarn
23Types of WeavesSatin: has long floats (portions of yarn) on the surface of the fabric. Either the warp yarns or the weft yarns float over 4 or more opposite yarns, then go under one.This is a smooth and slippery weave. Good for lining of drapery.
24Types of WeavesTwill: the warp or the weft passes over 2 or more yarns. Can be both even and uneven.This type of weave is stronger than a plain weave but tends to show soil less quickly.
25Types of Weaves Jacquard: Used for damask, tapestry, and brocades. Used in very formal type of interiors, living rooms, dining rooms, pillowsLeno: used for curtains and thermal blankets
26Types of WeavesNon-Wovens: made by joining fibers together by heat, moisture, chemicals, friction, and pressure.EX: vinyl and other plastic materials and leather
27Textile Fibers Product Identification Act This law specifies what must appear on the label;the fiber content by highest % listed firstCountry of originCare information
28Wool Products Labeling Act Requires the manufacturer to include the labeling, identifying, and amount of natural fiber that comes from an animal. Must list the country of origin and % of each type of wool usedFlammable Fabrics ActLaw that prevents manufacturers from producing and selling home interiors products that burn quickly.