Presentation on theme: "Mrs. Williams English 9 and 9B"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mrs. Williams English 9 and 9B Vocabulary Unit 4Mrs. WilliamsEnglish 9 and 9B
2 abscond (v.) to run off and hide Synonyms: bolt, make off, skip townEXThe thieves who absconded with several of the museum’s most valuable paintings have never been found.
3 anarchy (n.) a lack of government and law; confusion Synonyms: chaos, disorder, turmoil, pandemoniumAntonyms: law and order, peace and quietEXIn the final days of a war, civilians may find themselves living in anarchy.
4 arduous (adj.) hard to do, requiring much effort Synonyms: hard, difficult, laborious, fatiguingAntonyms: easy, simple, effortlessEXNo matter how carefully you plan for it, moving to a new home is an arduous chore.
5 auspicious (adj.) favorable; fortunate Synonyms: promising, encouraging, propitiousAntonyms: ill-omened, ominous, sinisterEXMy parents describe the day that they first met as a most auspicious occasion.
6 daunt (v.) to overcome with fear, intimidate; to dishearten, discourage Synonyms: dismay, cowAntonyms: encourage, embolden, reassureEXDespite all its inherent dangers, space flight did not daunt the Mercury program astronauts.
7 disentangle (v.) to free from tangles or complications Synonyms: unravel, unwind, unscramble, unsnarlAntonyms: tangle up, ensnarl, snagEXRescuers worked for hours to disentangle a whale from the fishing net wrapped around its jaws.
8 fated (adj.) determined in advance by destiny or fortune Synonyms: destined, preordained, doomedAntonyms: accidental, fortuitous, chance, randomEXThe tragic outcome of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is fated from the play’s very first scene.
9 hoodwink (v.) to mislead by a trick, deceive Synonyms: dupe, put one over onAntonyms: undeceive, disabuse, clue inEXMany sweepstakes offers hoodwink people into thinking they have already won big prizes.
10 inanimate (adj.) not having life; without energy or spirit Synonyms: lifeless, dead, inert, spiritlessAntonyms: living, alive, energetic, vigorous, lively, sprightlyEXAlthough fossils are inanimate, they hold many clues to life on Earth millions of years ago.
11 incinerate (v.) to burn to ashes Synonyms: burn up, cremate, reduce to ashesEXBecause of environmental concerns, many cities and towns no longer incinerate their garbage.
12 pliant (adj.) bending readily; easily influenced Synonyms: supple, flexible, elastic, plasticAntonyms: rigid, stiff, inflexible, set in stoneEXThe pliant branches of the sapling sagged but did not break under the weight of the heavy snow.
13 precipice (n.) a very steep cliff; the brink or edge of disaster Synonyms: cliff, crag, bluff, promontory, ledgeAntonyms: abyss, chasm, gorgeEXDuring the Cuban missile crisis, the world hovered on the precipice of nuclear war.
14 prototype (n.) an original model on which later versions are patterned Synonyms: example, sampleAntonyms: copyEXThe assembly line managers studied the prototype of the new car for weeks before production began.
15 rectify (v.) to make right, correct Synonyms: remedy, set rightAntonyms: mess up, botch, bungleEXThe senators debated a series of measures designed to rectify the nation’s trade imbalance.
16 reprieve (n. ) a temporary relief or delay; (v reprieve (n.) a temporary relief or delay; (v.) to grant a postponementSynonyms: (n.) stay, respite, deferral; (v.) postpone, delayAntonyms: (v.) proceedEXA vacation is a kind of reprieve from the cares and responsibilities of everyday life.A judge may reprieve a first-time offender from jail time until sentencing.