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Vocabulary Unit 4 Mrs. Williams English 9 and 9B.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary Unit 4 Mrs. Williams English 9 and 9B."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocabulary Unit 4 Mrs. Williams English 9 and 9B

2 abscond (v.) to run off and hide Synonyms: bolt, make off, skip town EX – The thieves who absconded with several of the museum’s most valuable paintings have never been found.

3 anarchy (n.) a lack of government and law; confusion Synonyms: chaos, disorder, turmoil, pandemonium Antonyms: law and order, peace and quiet EX – In the final days of a war, civilians may find themselves living in anarchy.

4 arduous (adj.) hard to do, requiring much effort Synonyms: hard, difficult, laborious, fatiguing Antonyms: easy, simple, effortless EX – No matter how carefully you plan for it, moving to a new home is an arduous chore.

5 auspicious (adj.) favorable; fortunate Synonyms: promising, encouraging, propitious Antonyms: ill-omened, ominous, sinister EX – My parents describe the day that they first met as a most auspicious occasion.

6 daunt (v.) to overcome with fear, intimidate; to dishearten, discourage Synonyms: dismay, cow Antonyms: encourage, embolden, reassure EX – Despite all its inherent dangers, space flight did not daunt the Mercury program astronauts.

7 disentangle (v.) to free from tangles or complications Synonyms: unravel, unwind, unscramble, unsnarl Antonyms: tangle up, ensnarl, snag EX – Rescuers worked for hours to disentangle a whale from the fishing net wrapped around its jaws.

8 fated (adj.) determined in advance by destiny or fortune Synonyms: destined, preordained, doomed Antonyms: accidental, fortuitous, chance, random EX – The tragic outcome of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is fated from the play’s very first scene.

9 hoodwink (v.) to mislead by a trick, deceive Synonyms: dupe, put one over on Antonyms: undeceive, disabuse, clue in EX – Many sweepstakes offers hoodwink people into thinking they have already won big prizes.

10 inanimate (adj.) not having life; without energy or spirit Synonyms: lifeless, dead, inert, spiritless Antonyms: living, alive, energetic, vigorous, lively, sprightly EX – Although fossils are inanimate, they hold many clues to life on Earth millions of years ago.

11 incinerate (v.) to burn to ashes Synonyms: burn up, cremate, reduce to ashes EX – Because of environmental concerns, many cities and towns no longer incinerate their garbage.

12 pliant (adj.) bending readily; easily influenced Synonyms: supple, flexible, elastic, plastic Antonyms: rigid, stiff, inflexible, set in stone EX – The pliant branches of the sapling sagged but did not break under the weight of the heavy snow.

13 precipice (n.) a very steep cliff; the brink or edge of disaster Synonyms: cliff, crag, bluff, promontory, ledge Antonyms: abyss, chasm, gorge EX – During the Cuban missile crisis, the world hovered on the precipice of nuclear war.

14 prototype (n.) an original model on which later versions are patterned Synonyms: example, sample Antonyms: copy EX – The assembly line managers studied the prototype of the new car for weeks before production began.

15 rectify (v.) to make right, correct Synonyms: remedy, set right Antonyms: mess up, botch, bungle EX – The senators debated a series of measures designed to rectify the nation’s trade imbalance.

16 reprieve (n.) a temporary relief or delay; (v.) to grant a postponement Synonyms: (n.) stay, respite, deferral; (v.) postpone, delay Antonyms: (v.) proceed EX – A vacation is a kind of reprieve from the cares and responsibilities of everyday life. – A judge may reprieve a first-time offender from jail time until sentencing.

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