Presentation on theme: "Separation of Powers The system where the three branches of government are responsible for different functions of government For example, the judicial."— Presentation transcript:
1 Separation of PowersThe system where the three branches of government are responsible for different functions of governmentFor example, the judicial branch deals with interpreting the Constitution and laws. The executive branch (president) acts as commander and chief during wartime. These functions are separate from each other however, they are both necessary for government to operate.
2 Checks and BalancesThe system by which the branches of government monitor the doings of the other branches to ensure that stability is maintained within the government.For example, Congress makes legislation, however, the president can veto that legislation if he chooses.
3 Federal SystemA plan of government in which power is divided between the national government and the state governments in which independent states are bound together under one national government, whose power is supremeThe nature of a union of states under a central government distinct from the individual governments of the separate states
5 Enumerated PowersSeventeen specific powers granted to Congress under Article I, section 8, of the ConstitutionCreated to protect the liberties of every AmericanCongressional chore examples: collecting taxes, regulate commerce, establish post offices, protect patents and copyrights, declare war, and raise and support an Army and Navy
6 Necessary and Proper Clause Also known as elastic clause Given in Article I, Section 8 “make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers.” This clause tells Congress that they have the right to make a law that is not covered by their duties in the Constitution, as long as the law is necessary and proper. This means that if a majority of Congress and the President want a new law, they can make one.
8 Implied PowersA power that Legislation takes on that is not given to them in the ConstitutionSome examples…Prostitution across state linesRegulation of trains and planesEst. federal minimum wageMandated drug testing