Presentation on theme: "Student Motivation in Reading Kimberly Isidori Tara Kivett Erin Strong Mrs. Kivett’s 1 st Grade Class - Ray Childers Elementary School."— Presentation transcript:
Student Motivation in Reading Kimberly Isidori Tara Kivett Erin Strong Mrs. Kivett’s 1 st Grade Class - Ray Childers Elementary School
Background Student reading appropriate-leveled books that interest them Positive social interactions during reading Parental effect on time and energy put forth in reading both during school and at home Student Motivation to read is effected by:
The Problem We found that even in the first grade, many students are already unmotivated to read Many students feel that reading is a “chore” Many students do not read for enjoyment – only when required Unfortunately, many parents do not promote reading in the home Many students that do not read often read below grade level
Research Questions How will the use of book buddies affect student reading motivation? What effects do parents have on motivating their students to read?
Participant Demographics Mrs. Kivett’s First Grade Classroom 18 students (10 boys/8 girls) Fountas and Pinnell Levels ranging from 17- 18 and higher to 9-10 and below 2 students receive ESL services 2 students receive EC services (one has Autism) Ray Childers Elementary School Located in Burke County, NC Title I school Mostly middle and lower-middle class students
Participants For Book Buddies: 6 lowest scorers on the Garfield Reading Interest Survey (turned out to be all boys) For Parent Motivation: All 18 students (10 boys and 8 girls) *One student did not return their survey or reading goal
Intervention Procedure Book Buddies – all students in the class were paired with a 3 rd grade “book buddy” (all above grade level readers) who would read to them and listen to them read Book Buddies met twice a week for 5 weeks totalEach interaction was 20 minutes long
Data Sources Book Buddies Garfield Reading Interest Survey Observations of Book Buddy interactions Interviews with reading teacher Parent Motivation Questionnaire about reading practices in the home Reading Logs Interviews with the students
Data Collection: Book Buddies (pre/post test results): this was administered to the students who were able to rate their feelings about reading by circling the picture of Garfield that best depicted their feelings Garfield Reading Interest Survey Informal observations of the 6 selected students occurred during each session Observations of Book Buddy Interactions The teacher was asked to comment on each student’s attitude toward reading Interviews With Reading Teachers
Data Collection: Parent Motivation Parents were sent surveys containing multiple choice questions about reading practices in the home Questionnaires Parents set a goal for how many books they wanted their child to read over the 5 weeks. Their books were then recorded in reading logs. Reading Logs The 6 students focused on for Book Buddies were asked about what motivates them to read Interviews with the Students
Data Analysis Book Buddies Tests were scored according to a rubric and results were placed in a table showing pre/post scores Observations were coded according to type of interaction (positive/negative) Interviews with reading teacher were coded according to whether the responses indicated a positive or negative attitude towards reading Parent Motivation Surveys were multiple choice so results were tallied Total number of books read over the 5 weeks was compared to the goal set in the beginning Student responses were coded according to whether their response indicated a positive or negative attitude toward reading
Results from Book Buddies During reading time with book buddies, students were observed: Listening and following directions Correcting mistakes when told to do so Answering questions when asked Reading loudly and expressively Watching and paying attention to how the book buddies read their books Notable decrease in attention span when book buddies read their books first
Results from Parent Survey How Often Parents Read With Their Child? Do Parents Set Reading Goals for their Child in the Home? 29% 6% 12% 53% 47%
Results from Parent Survey How Would You Describe Your Child’s Attitude Towards Reading? 24% 6% 12% 58%
Parent Goal Results StudentReading Goal (# of books) Actual # of books read I.N.5510 A.S.5021 H.P.4026 A.H.3510 A.G.307 P.W.2520 S.P.258 Y.D.222 L.B.209 StudentReading Goal (# of books) Actual # of books read K.G.208 B.F.207 K.K.207 S.L.15 X.B.155 B.M.108 M.F.107 G.S.104 **Y.D. lost her first reading log
Discussion What we learned from our study so far: Students’ motivation to read is affected by several factors Every student is different in how they respond to books and reading Having role models to show appropriate reading strategies can help motivate students Social interactions play a big part in building students’ motivation and excitement to read Teachers/parents should be aware of unmotivated students and how to help make reading a more engaging and enjoyable process.
Future Research More research could be done to study the effects of the Book Buddies Intervention over a longer period of time to see if more growth occurs in terms of motivation. Also, future research could focus on not only the younger students, but the older book buddy partner as well to see advantages from both perspectives.
Resources Bullen, G.F. (1970). A study in motivating children to read, 24. Gambrel, L. (1996). Creating classroom cultures that foster reading motivation. The Reading Teacher, vol. 50, (1), 12. Zimmerman, B., Bandura, A., & Martinez-Pons, M. (1992). Self-motivation for academic attainment: the role of self-efficacy beliefs and personal goal setting. American Educational Research Journal, vol. 29 (3), 14.