CONFLICT = A PROBLEM OR STRUGGLE BETWEEN OPPOSING FORCES
WHAT WAS A CONFLICT IN THE PLAY HANSEL AND GRETEL AND THE BIG WOODS ? Possible answers: Hansel and Gretel annoyed their stepmother because they repeated their names over and over. Hansel and Gretel annoyed their stepmother because they repeated their names over and over. Hansel and Gretel were gullible and believed everything people told them. Hansel and Gretel were gullible and believed everything people told them.
SETTING = THE TIME AND PLACE IN WHICH A NARRATIVE OCCURS
DESCRIBE THE SETTING IN THE PLAY HANSEL AND GRETEL AND THE BIG WOODS. The setting of the play is like most fairy tales. The time is in the distant past – there are no electricity or modern conveniences mentioned in the story. The place is a woodsy area with meadows and trails. The homes are simple.
THEME = THE MESSAGE OR LESSON THE AUTHOR WANTS TO GET ACROSS
WHAT IS THE THEME OF THE PLAY HANSEL AND GRETEL AND THE BIG WOODS ? Possible answer: Get to know someone before making a judgment about him.
WHICH SENTENCE BEST DEMONSTRATES THE CONFLICT IN THE STORY? A. A.The fox loves grapes. B. B.The fox cannot reach the grapes. C. C.There are not enough grapes. D. D.The grapes are sour.
B. THE FOX CANNOT REACH THE GRAPES. This is the main problem in the fable. The fox does love grapes, but that is not the struggle. The fox does say the grapes are sour, but he only says that to cover up the fact that he cannot get to them.
HOW DOES THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE HELP YOU UNDERSTAND THE SETTING OF THE STORY? “ONE HOT SUMMER'S DAY A FOX WAS STROLLING THROUGH AN ORCHARD TILL HE CAME TO A BUNCH OF GRAPES JUST RIPENING ON A VINE WHICH HAD BEEN TRAINED OVER A LOFTY BRANCH.”
POSSIBLE ANSWER: The author used imagery in the sentence that helped me picture the scene. By saying that it is a hot day, it makes sense that the fox would want to eat the juicy grapes. By saying that the grapes are just ripened, I can picture how they would look and that they are hanging from a very full and high branch which is what caused the conflict to happen. The description of the setting in this sentence helps me understand more about the situation.
ONE THEME FOR THIS STORY IS THAT IT IS EASY TO DESPISE WHAT YOU CANNOT HAVE. HOW IS THIS THEME DEVELOPED IN THE STORY? This theme is shown in the fable because in the beginning, the fox really wanted the grapes. He tried many times to reach the grapes, but he couldn’t get to them. At the end of the story, the theme is shown when he would rather say the grapes were no good than to admit that he couldn’t reach them. The lesson to take away is it is easier to put something/someone down than to admit your own failure.
READ THE FIRST SENTENCE AGAIN. WHICH WORD COULD REPLACE HOT WITH A MORE NEGATIVE CONNOTATION? A. A.Warm B. B.Pleasant C. C.Unpleasant D. D.Scorching
D. SCORCHING It sounds much worse to say that it was a scorching day than just a hot day!
READ THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE. WHICH EXPLANATION BEST FITS THE MEANING OF THE UNDERLINED PORTION? IN A FIELD ONE SUMMER'S DAY A GRASSHOPPER WAS HOPPING ABOUT, CHIRPING AND SINGING TO ITS HEART'S CONTENT. A. A.His chest B. B.In sadness C. C.In happiness D. D.For a few minutes
C. IN HAPPINESS The Grasshopper was carefree and not worried about the future. The phrase heart’s content means that he was happily singing as he walked.
READ THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE. WHICH WORD COULD REPLACE TOIL AND HAVE A MORE POSITIVE CONNOTATION? ANT WENT ON ITS WAY AND CONTINUED ITS TOIL. A. A.Chore B. B.Labor C. C.Way D. D.Path
A. CHORE To say that the ant was doing a chore sounds much easier and more simple than saying he was toiling or doing labor.
CHOOSE A SENTENCE THAT BEST HELPS DEVELOP THE STORY’S PLOT – MAYBE BECAUSE IT HELPS YOU UNDERSTAND THE CONFLICT, IT STATES THE CLIMAX, IT HELPS YOU UNDERSTAND THE RESOLUTION, ETC. WRITE THE SENTENCE AND EXPLAIN HOW IT HELPS DEVELOP THE PLOT OF THE STORY.
EXAMPLE RESPONSE Sentence: “ Sentence: “When the winter came the Grasshopper had no food and found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing every day corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the summer.” Importance to plot: This sentence is important because it the resolution of the story. The sentence shows that the Grasshopper suffered because he did not prepare for winter, and the Ant succeeded because he worked hard. This sentence helped me understand what happened to the characters at the end.
TRUE/FALSE: _____Two stories can have the same theme. _____One story may have more than one theme. _____A theme can be one or two words.
TRUE OR FALSE TTwo stories can have the same theme. T One story may have more than one theme. FA theme can be one or two words.
NON-FICTION PIECES TO USE FOR EXAMPLES ON TEXT STRUCTURE CHART “One Child’s Labor of Love” – Craig Kielburger worked to end child labor and slavery. “One Child’s Labor of Love” – Craig Kielburger worked to end child labor and slavery. Urban Legends such as KFC genetically engineered birds that could no longer be defined as chickens. They lost many customers as a result. Urban Legends such as KFC genetically engineered birds that could no longer be defined as chickens. They lost many customers as a result. “Ugly Duckling or Little Mermaid” – a biographical account of author Hans Christian Anderson “Ugly Duckling or Little Mermaid” – a biographical account of author Hans Christian Anderson “Folktales and Fables” – discussed the two genres and their similarities and differences “Folktales and Fables” – discussed the two genres and their similarities and differences “Scuba Diving” – steps to becoming certified “Scuba Diving” – steps to becoming certified
DESCRIPTION Definition – Has a main idea that is elaborated with characteristics and examples Example – “Ugly Duckling or Little Mermaid?” This piece described what Hans Christian Anderson was like. Signal Words – For example, characteristics, Such as, including
CAUSE AND EFFECT Definition – Has reason/event and gives the results that occur Example – Urban Legends KFC lost customers because of the false rumor about the fake chickens Signal Words – As a result, because, in the end
COMPARE AND CONTRAST Definition – Provides similarities and differences between two or more people, objects, events, etc. Example – “Folktales and Fables” This piece told how the two types of stories are alike and different, Signal Words – Although, on the other hand, likewise, however, similar to, both
PROBLEM AND SOLUTION Definition – Has situation that needs to be corrected and at least a suggested way to solve the situation Example – “One Child’s Labor of Love” This piece described how Craig Kielburger started Free the Children to end child labor and slavery. Signal Words – Solution, possibility, future, hope, answer
SEQUENCE Definition – Has events or steps in chronological order Example – “Scuba Diving” This piece explained the process for getting certified as a scuba instructor. Signal Words – First, next, after that, then