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DePaul University Teaching & Learning Certificate Program “Learning Through Community Engagement” Service-Learning: Conceptualization, Models, and Resources.

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Presentation on theme: "DePaul University Teaching & Learning Certificate Program “Learning Through Community Engagement” Service-Learning: Conceptualization, Models, and Resources."— Presentation transcript:

1 DePaul University Teaching & Learning Certificate Program “Learning Through Community Engagement” Service-Learning: Conceptualization, Models, and Resources Charles Strain (cstrain) Professor of Religious Studies Jeffrey Howard (jhowar15) Director of Faculty Development, Steans Center 3.7/8.12

2 Workshop Outcomes 1. Distinguish service-learning from other forms of student community-based learning 2. Identify the resonance between service-learning and Vincentian social justice values 3. Acquire service-learning pedagogical skills and resources applicable to other courses 4. Know where to find additional resources

3 Workshop Plan Introductory Activity (10 minutes) About Service-Learning (15 minutes) (Jeff) Service-Learning and Social Justice (15 minutes) (Charles) Q/A and Discussion (Round 1) Christina’s Reflection Excerpt (8 minutes) (Charles) Service-Learning Activity Applicable Across Pedagogies (15 minutes) (Jeff) Service-Learning and Social Justice Activities Applicable Across Pedagogies (7 minutes) (Charles) Q/A and Discussion (Round 2)

4 Introductory Activity (10 minutes) What Kind of College Graduate? Discuss with a tablemate. Share a few thoughts. What’s the relevance of this for service-learning? What are you doing in your class(es) to increase the chances you contribute to such a graduate? Service-learning may contribute to preparing graduates with a Vincentian perspective/worldview.

5 Contextualizing Service-Learning Experiential Learning Community Engagement Service-Learning

6 Defining Service-Learning A pedagogical model that intentionally integrates community service, academic learning, and civic learning. Aiming for a win-win: the community benefits from student involvement and the student benefits from the community involvement (mutually beneficial)

7 Conceptualizing Service-Learning Service-learning is not synonymous with community service.

8 Distinguishing Service-Learning from Other Forms of Student Community Involvement Relevant and Meaningful Service with the Community Enhanced Academic Learning Purposeful Civic Learning Volunteering/ Community ServiceYesNo Co-Curricular Service-Learning YesNoYes InternshipsYes No (instead, advance student’s learning or socialization into a profession) Academic Service- LearningYes

9 Alignment (p. 21) Academic and Civic Learning Objectives Learning Strategies Learning Assessment

10 Alignment Examples (pp. 32 and 49) Reflection Goal Categories Specific Learning Objective Classroom Strategy Student Assignment Method for Assessing Learning Academic: Course-Specific Academic Learning (1 of 5 academic learning categories) Students will deepen their understanding and application of course theory Class discussion time devoted to applying theory to community service and vice versa Final paper focused on making connections between course theories and community service experience Student’s demonstration of deep understanding and application of course theory to community service (Rubric) Civic: Diversity Learning (1 of 7 civic learning categories) Students will understand the concept of “privilege” “Privilege Walk” activity, followed by class discussion Journal assignment describing relevance of privilege walk discussion to experience in the community Quality of connections made by student in journal entry (Rubric)


12 Transformative Learning [T]ransformative learning is about thinking about things in a new way and moving in new directions … Community experiences that challenge student assumptions coupled with thoughtful reflection may lead to fundamental changes in the way the student views service or society.” Eyler and Giles, Where is the Learning in Service Learning, p. 17

13 [Traditional] education [is] an act of depositing, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor. Instead of communicating, the teacher issues communiqués and makes deposits which the students patiently receive, memorize, and repeat. This is the “banking” concept of education.... P. Freire, The Pedagogy of the Oppressed

14 In problem-posing education, men develop their power to perceive critically the way they exist in the world with which and in which they find themselves; they come to see the world not as a static reality, but as a reality in process, in transformation. P. Freire, The Pedagogy of the Oppressed

15 Types of Learning and Transformation Fostered by Service Learning Personal and Interpersonal Development Understanding and Applying Knowledge Engaged, Reflective Learning Critical Thinking Perspective Transformation Engaged Citizenship

16 Personal and Interpersonal Development Greater self knowledge Increased sense of personal efficacy Enhanced ability to work well with others Increase in tolerance for diversity Increase in leadership skills Eyler and Giles, p. 92

17 Understanding and Applying Knowledge “We learn these theories and ideas in school, but until we really apply them or see them in action, they’re not real. And we come out of school--if we haven’t done something like [service learning]-- not understanding.” Student in Eyler and Giles, p. 69

18 Engaged Learning “Cognitive scientists agree with experiential learning theorists … that the most powerful learning takes place when situated in complex contexts. One avoids the inert knowledge problem by involving students with real problems in the real world.” Eyler and Giles, p. 92

19 Creative Thinking Skills Students have a basis in experience with which to test the adequacy of theories Through carefully chosen reflective exercises students are forced to examine the root causes of social problems Students’ assumptions and stereotypes are challenged.

20 Creative Thinking Skills (2) Students are encouraged to examine the human consequences of technical solutions Students are led to examine how their field, discipline or profession may contribute to the betterment of society Students are forced to examine their own values

21 Perspective Transformation Ability to walk in another person’s shoes Systemic understanding of causes and solutions to social problems Increased sense of importance of social justice and need to change public policies Eyler and Giles


23 Vincent’s Option for the Poor In what ways will the learning facilitated in my class serve to help the least advantaged in our society and globally?

24 DEPAUL’S STRATEGIC PLAN [DePaul will] develop programs for faculty, staff and students to deepen their understanding of the Vincentian tradition and values of social justice, charity and equality.

25 EDUCATION FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE Education for social justice is a form of transformative learning that seeks to develop engaged citizens who recognize the systemic causes of many of the problems that we face as a society and who are committed to some forms of social change that address those problems.

26 BABIES IN THE RIVER How not to think about social justice

27 Types of Service Direct Service -- Charity Direct Service -- Empowerment Project Development Community Based Research Social Change -- Asset Based Community Development Social Change -- Political Organizing and Advocacy

28 Service-Learning Activities Relevant to Other Pedagogies 1.Christina’s reflection excerpt (Charles) 2.Evaluating a journal assignment and a student’s journal excerpt (Jeff) 3.Three social justice activities (Charles)


30 Christina’s Reflections Work along several vectors simultaneously Integrate cognitive, moral, emotional and interpersonal dimensions Integrate each of the moral components  Sensitivity  Judgment  Motivation  Character Are aware of the ambiguities of direct service AND public policy grounded social change Stress interdependence of self and social transformation Provide evidence of a multilinear development

31 Evaluating a Reflection Assignment and Evaluating a Student’s Response Journal excerpt from a student working at a home for victims of domestic violence as part of an introductory community psychology course Assignment: How are the clients treated at your organization and what are your thoughts about that treatment relative to what we have been reading about? It would be very hard for me as an adult to be restricted like that. The women are put on restriction for not smoking far enough away from the building, for having things other than water to drink in their rooms, talking to the opposite sex other than the pastors that come to (name of organization), and not keeping up with their chore list. I know they have these rules for a certain reason. I am not certain how it fits into the entire transformation process for each woman. How are these women going to learn to make decisions on their own when they are watched very closely and everyday is mapped out for them? Right now I am having a hard time seeing how this is helpful to their growth. When you tell a child not to do something, it is a green light for them to explore the possibilities. This is kind of what I see here. They are given a good home and people around them who care, but a list of rules a mile long. Some days I can see why they test the waters and push the limits. 1. Evaluate the reflection journal assignment. 2. Evaluate the student’s work: What about it answers the assignment and what about it doesn’t? 3. What feedback would you give to this student for this paragraph?

32 Experience Theory/Conceptual Clarification ReflectionApplication

33 The Purpose of Education “The purpose of education is to put people in possession of their powers.” John Dewey

34 Visions of a Just Society CBO Initial student Class theories


36 Take-Aways What are you taking away from this workshop? What questions do you have?

37 National Service-Learning Resources National Service-Learning Clearinghouse Published and unpublished material related to service-learning Campus Compact Many syllabi by discipline, conference announcements, lost of publications friendly to service-learning Imagining America Concerned with community engagement in the humanities, arts, and design fields Community-Campus Partnerships for Health comprehensive resources targeted for but not limited to health professions Service-Learning in the Disciplines 24 discipline-specific monographs International Association for Research on Service-Learning and Community Engagement – annual conference (September 2012 in Baltimore) Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning

38 Possible Next Steps Consult the web resources on the prior slide Read and do the worksheets in the “Service-Learning Course Design Workbook” Consult with Jeff or Charles Send your syllabus to Jeff for feedback ( Review materials and resources at the faculty resources section of the Steans Center Webpage (

39 Next Steps with TLCP Read about the TLCP on our website: Join Us! Attend a session on “Building Your Teaching Portfolio in Digication” during Spring Quarter Create a page (component) in your Teaching Portfolio following reflection on this session. Spring Workshops (details to come)

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