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U.S. Cultural History Culture of the 60’s Baby Boom CountercultureRadicalsRevolution Civil Rights Activism To insert your company logo on this slide From.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. Cultural History Culture of the 60’s Baby Boom CountercultureRadicalsRevolution Civil Rights Activism To insert your company logo on this slide From."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. Cultural History Culture of the 60’s Baby Boom CountercultureRadicalsRevolution Civil Rights Activism To insert your company logo on this slide From the Insert Menu Select “Picture” Locate your logo file Click OK To resize the logo Click anywhere inside the logo. The boxes that appear outside the logo are known as “resize handles.” Use these to resize the object. If you hold down the shift key before using the resize handles, you will maintain the proportions of the object you wish to resize.

2 You did not have to lock your doors at night. You really didn't. Parents did not worry about their kids playing outside after sunset. But there were curfews; reasonable ones. And no kid was out after midnight on a school night.You did not have to lock your doors at night. You really didn't. Parents did not worry about their kids playing outside after sunset. But there were curfews; reasonable ones. And no kid was out after midnight on a school night. There were no metal detectors at the airports... or the schools. There were no warning labels on our records, no ratings necessary on the movies. And TV shows were fit for the whole family.There were no metal detectors at the airports... or the schools. There were no warning labels on our records, no ratings necessary on the movies. And TV shows were fit for the whole family. When you fell down at the store, you apologized for being careless, and went home... embarrassed. If you got hurt, you went to your doctor, and you paid the bill yourself. Sometimes, the doctor would even come to your house.When you fell down at the store, you apologized for being careless, and went home... embarrassed. If you got hurt, you went to your doctor, and you paid the bill yourself. Sometimes, the doctor would even come to your house. When you really messed up at school, you got sent to the principal's office. And then you paid the price... once then, and again when you got home. Your parent's word was the final word.When you really messed up at school, you got sent to the principal's office. And then you paid the price... once then, and again when you got home. Your parent's word was the final word. We knew what "shame" was back then.We knew what "shame" was back then. We knew what a family was back then; we knew what "responsibility" was back then; and we knew the definition of the word "is.”We knew what a family was back then; we knew what "responsibility" was back then; and we knew the definition of the word "is.” Most families had one or two television sets, one or two telephones, and one or two cars. Few kids got a car when they turned 16.Most families had one or two television sets, one or two telephones, and one or two cars. Few kids got a car when they turned 16.

3 Most homes, even those in the south, did not have air conditioning; neither did most cars. In the summer, people opened their windows at home and used large fans; they sat and entertained on screened-in porches; they drove with the windows open. We used less than half the amount of energy (per person) than we do today.Most homes, even those in the south, did not have air conditioning; neither did most cars. In the summer, people opened their windows at home and used large fans; they sat and entertained on screened-in porches; they drove with the windows open. We used less than half the amount of energy (per person) than we do today. About 40-60% of adults smoked. And they smoked everywhere... in restaurants, airplanes, movie theatres, offices, elevators, buses... everywhere. TV newscasters smoked on the air, Johnny Carson and his guests smoked on television. Cigarettes were advertised everywhere... TV, radio, magazines, ball parks, airports.... everywhere. Until the mid-60s, the manufacturers of cigarettes even suggested that their products might be good for your healthAbout 40-60% of adults smoked. And they smoked everywhere... in restaurants, airplanes, movie theatres, offices, elevators, buses... everywhere. TV newscasters smoked on the air, Johnny Carson and his guests smoked on television. Cigarettes were advertised everywhere... TV, radio, magazines, ball parks, airports.... everywhere. Until the mid-60s, the manufacturers of cigarettes even suggested that their products might be good for your health Our air, rivers, and open spaces were far more polluted. Some people threw trash out the windows of their cars or dropped it on the ground. But there were no plastic bags. Taking out the trash was an ugly chore.Our air, rivers, and open spaces were far more polluted. Some people threw trash out the windows of their cars or dropped it on the ground. But there were no plastic bags. Taking out the trash was an ugly chore. There were virtually no drive-by shootings or guns in schools. You knew your neighbors and respected them. The language on television was much more tame.There were virtually no drive-by shootings or guns in schools. You knew your neighbors and respected them. The language on television was much more tame.

4 There was not a fast food restaurant on every street corner. The menu at McDonald's consisted about about six items. There was no fast food breakfast. There were 30 brands of cereal at the grocery store, not 300. There were no microwave ovens. Hamburgers, fries and hot dogs were king. As a foreign dish, a lot of people ate ravioli - Chef Boyardee Ravioli. Milk was good for you. Coke and Pepsi were a treat. There were no diet sodas. Soft drinks came in 6-ounce, glass bottles that you had to return to the store. A quarter-pound burger was huge - and rare. There were no super-size fries or big-gulp soft drinks.There was not a fast food restaurant on every street corner. The menu at McDonald's consisted about about six items. There was no fast food breakfast. There were 30 brands of cereal at the grocery store, not 300. There were no microwave ovens. Hamburgers, fries and hot dogs were king. As a foreign dish, a lot of people ate ravioli - Chef Boyardee Ravioli. Milk was good for you. Coke and Pepsi were a treat. There were no diet sodas. Soft drinks came in 6-ounce, glass bottles that you had to return to the store. A quarter-pound burger was huge - and rare. There were no super-size fries or big-gulp soft drinks. A favorite candy bar was the Clark Bar. But Baby Ruth, Milky Way, Snickers, Three Musketeers and PayDay were also popular. So was the standard Hershey Bar - plain or with nuts. "Sometimes you feel like a nut" - Peter Paul Almond Joy and Peter Paul Mounds candy bars. As with most foods, the candy bars were much smaller; but they cost a nickel back then. At the movies we had popcorn, Cokes and Milk Duds. We chewed a lot of gum back then - bubble gum, too; big wads of bubble gum.A favorite candy bar was the Clark Bar. But Baby Ruth, Milky Way, Snickers, Three Musketeers and PayDay were also popular. So was the standard Hershey Bar - plain or with nuts. "Sometimes you feel like a nut" - Peter Paul Almond Joy and Peter Paul Mounds candy bars. As with most foods, the candy bars were much smaller; but they cost a nickel back then. At the movies we had popcorn, Cokes and Milk Duds. We chewed a lot of gum back then - bubble gum, too; big wads of bubble gum. Long before there was Tang, there were Fizzies. They were tablets about an inch in diameter. You dropped one in a glass of water, and it fizzed (or bubbled) for about a minute as it dissolved in the water. Fizzies came in several flavors. They were cool! Kool-Aid was cool, too.Long before there was Tang, there were Fizzies. They were tablets about an inch in diameter. You dropped one in a glass of water, and it fizzed (or bubbled) for about a minute as it dissolved in the water. Fizzies came in several flavors. They were cool! Kool-Aid was cool, too.

5 Nation elected its youngest president, John Fitzgerald Kennedy-Nation elected its youngest president, John Fitzgerald Kennedy- Full of charm, intelligence, and energy, he inspired the nation.Full of charm, intelligence, and energy, he inspired the nation. first televised presidential debates in 1960first televised presidential debates in 1960 President Kennedy was killed. Americans across the country watched the assassination, and the later murder of the accused assassin, on television. In addition to causing many to take a closer, more critical look at their culture and values; the event solidified television's central role in American society. The immediacy of the exposure brought the country together in a state of national mourning.President Kennedy was killed. Americans across the country watched the assassination, and the later murder of the accused assassin, on television. In addition to causing many to take a closer, more critical look at their culture and values; the event solidified television's central role in American society. The immediacy of the exposure brought the country together in a state of national mourning.

6 Kennedy’s New Frontier Chapter 31 Sect. 4Chapter 31 Sect. 4 Civil Rights- rights of all Americans to vote and have a fair trialCivil Rights- rights of all Americans to vote and have a fair trial –1962- desegregation of federal funded public housing projects –Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity. –Robert Kennedy as Attorney General- help southern blacks. –Blacks appointed as judges and ambassadors Black Revolts Black Revolts –1961- Freedom Riders- desegregate Interstate busses. –1962- James Meredith and the University of Mississippi. –Television- struggle, violence, sit-ins, demonstrations. –1963- Sit-ins desegregate lunch counters, hotels and theaters. –1963- Martin Luther King and Birmingham, Alabama.- Bull Connors, dogs, fire hoses, electric cattle prods, bombings. –1963- Kennedy call for new Civil Rights laws. –1963- Medgar Evers- NAACP in Mississippi assassinated. March on Washington- August 8, “ I have a Dream” and “We shall overcome”.March on Washington- August 8, “ I have a Dream” and “We shall overcome”.

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11 LBJ’s Great Society Chapter 32 Sect. 2Chapter 32 Sect. 2 “Great Society”- abundance and liberty for all; end to poverty and racial injustice; every child can find knowledge; renew contact with nature; a challenge constantly renewed“Great Society”- abundance and liberty for all; end to poverty and racial injustice; every child can find knowledge; renew contact with nature; a challenge constantly renewed –War on Poverty: forty programs that were intended to eliminate poverty by improving living conditions and enabling people to lift themselves out of the cycle of poverty. –Education: sixty separate bills that provided for new and better-equipped classrooms, minority scholarships, and low-interest student loans. Elementary and Secondary Education Act –Medicare & Medicaid: guaranteed health care to every American over sixty-five. –The Environment: introduced measures to reclaim our heritage of clean air and water. Water Quality Act 1965 –National Endowment for the Arts and the Humanities: created with the philosophy that artists, performers, and writers were a priceless part of our heritage and deserve support. –Job Corps: provided enabling skills for young men and women. –Head Start: program for four- and five-year-old children from disadvantaged families that gave them a chance to start school on an even basis with other youngsters. –Appalachian Regional Development Act –Housing and Urban Development Act 1965 –Immigration Act of 1965 –Tax surcharge –Consumer Protection and Environment- Rachel Carson and Ralph Nader.

12 Television 1960, Americans owned 85 million television sets1960, Americans owned 85 million television sets CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite- news of race riots in New York City and Los Angeles, and of the beginnings of troop escalation in Vietnam. CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite- news of race riots in New York City and Los Angeles, and of the beginnings of troop escalation in Vietnam. Among entertainment programs, westerns, detective and police shows, family sitcoms, medical shows, game shows, and variety shows were the most prevalent and popular genres.Among entertainment programs, westerns, detective and police shows, family sitcoms, medical shows, game shows, and variety shows were the most prevalent and popular genres. The Flintstones, Rocky and his Friends, Alvin & the Chipmunks, the Jetsons, and Mr..... Magoo. The Andy Griffith Show, Beverly Hillbillies,Bewitched, The Addams Family, My Favorite Martian, I Dream of Jeannie, Star Trek, the Outer Limits, and the Twilight Zone.he Flintstones Rocky and his Friends, Alvin & the Chipmunksthe JetsonsMr..... MagooAndy Griffith ShowBeverly HillbilliesBewitchedThe Addams FamilyMy Favorite MartianI Dream of JeannieStar Trekthe Outer Limitsthe Twilight Zone There were only three television networks. There were no VCRs and, of course, no Internet. Accordingly, there were far fewer programs on television. But as a result, most of us watched the same programs. That tended to bring us together, whereas today's targeted programming tends to separate us.There were only three television networks. There were no VCRs and, of course, no Internet. Accordingly, there were far fewer programs on television. But as a result, most of us watched the same programs. That tended to bring us together, whereas today's targeted programming tends to separate us. Television also brought the Beatles into American homes. On February 9, 1964 the group appeared on the "Ed Sullivan Show," beginning the British Invasion with a rash of "Beatlemania.”Television also brought the Beatles into American homes. On February 9, 1964 the group appeared on the "Ed Sullivan Show," beginning the British Invasion with a rash of "Beatlemania.”

13 Books Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five.Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five. Other books focussed on bringing about change in the present. Rachel Carson's Silent Spring (1962), Michael Harrington's The Other America (1962), and Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique (1963) brought about revolutions in the way people thought about social issues like environmental pollution, poverty and gender stereotypes.Other books focussed on bringing about change in the present. Rachel Carson's Silent Spring (1962), Michael Harrington's The Other America (1962), and Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique (1963) brought about revolutions in the way people thought about social issues like environmental pollution, poverty and gender stereotypes. The anti-war movement of the later sixties was anticipated by Joseph Heller's Catch-22 (1961). John Le Carré debuted his gritty, realistic view of espionage in The Spy Who Came In From the Cold (1963). His novels were in direct contrast to the glamorous James Bond, created by Ian Fleming, whose novels President Kennedy professed to enjoy.- Dr. No, From Russia With Love, and GoldfingerThe anti-war movement of the later sixties was anticipated by Joseph Heller's Catch-22 (1961). John Le Carré debuted his gritty, realistic view of espionage in The Spy Who Came In From the Cold (1963). His novels were in direct contrast to the glamorous James Bond, created by Ian Fleming, whose novels President Kennedy professed to enjoy.- Dr. No, From Russia With Love, and Goldfinger

14 Movies On the Beach (1960), West Side Story (1962), and To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). In 1963, Sidney Poitier won the Academy Award for his role in Lilies of the Field. On the Beach (1960), West Side Story (1962), and To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). In 1963, Sidney Poitier won the Academy Award for his role in Lilies of the Field. Butterfield 8 (1960), The Apartment (1960), Come September (1961), Lolita (1962), Irma La Douce (1963), and Gypsy (1963). Epics like Ben Hur (1960) and Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) and classic movies like Psycho (1960) and Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961) were released, as well as the first of the James Bond movies, Dr. No (1962). Disney scored several commercial triumphs, including four hits in 1961: The Parent Trap, The Absent-Minded Professor, Swiss Family Robinson, and 101 Dalmatians.Butterfield 8 (1960), The Apartment (1960), Come September (1961), Lolita (1962), Irma La Douce (1963), and Gypsy (1963). Epics like Ben Hur (1960) and Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) and classic movies like Psycho (1960) and Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961) were released, as well as the first of the James Bond movies, Dr. No (1962). Disney scored several commercial triumphs, including four hits in 1961: The Parent Trap, The Absent-Minded Professor, Swiss Family Robinson, and 101 Dalmatians. The Pawnbroker (1965) and Easy Rider (1969). Violence and horror were depicted more graphically than ever before, in such movies as Rosemary's Baby (1968) and The Wild Angels (1966). Heroes became passé, and anti-heroes became protagonists. Bonnie and Clyde (1967)The Pawnbroker (1965) and Easy Rider (1969). Violence and horror were depicted more graphically than ever before, in such movies as Rosemary's Baby (1968) and The Wild Angels (1966). Heroes became passé, and anti-heroes became protagonists. Bonnie and Clyde (1967) Westerns was replaced by more sardonic Italian-made Westerns, called "Spaghetti Westerns," such as The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (1968). Beach movies like Beach Party (1963) were replaced by more rebellious biker movies like The Wild Angels (1966). Sex and relationships were explored in movies like The Graduate (1968) and Bob and Carol and Ted and Alice (1969). Issues of race and ethnicity appeared in movies like Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1968) and Goodbye, Columbus (1969).Westerns was replaced by more sardonic Italian-made Westerns, called "Spaghetti Westerns," such as The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (1968). Beach movies like Beach Party (1963) were replaced by more rebellious biker movies like The Wild Angels (1966). Sex and relationships were explored in movies like The Graduate (1968) and Bob and Carol and Ted and Alice (1969). Issues of race and ethnicity appeared in movies like Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1968) and Goodbye, Columbus (1969). Some filmmakers brooded on the unpleasant side of life, such as Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf (1966) and Midnight Cowboy (1969). Others pondered the future of humankind in movies like 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) and Planet of the Apes (1968). Barbarella (1968) and The Producers (1968).Some filmmakers brooded on the unpleasant side of life, such as Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf (1966) and Midnight Cowboy (1969). Others pondered the future of humankind in movies like 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) and Planet of the Apes (1968). Barbarella (1968) and The Producers (1968).

15 Sports In sports, the New York Yankees won the World Series two years in a row, in 1961 and 1962.In sports, the New York Yankees won the World Series two years in a row, in 1961 and The Summer Olympic Games of 1960 took place in Rome, Italy, and the Winter Games took place in Squaw Valley, California.The Summer Olympic Games of 1960 took place in Rome, Italy, and the Winter Games took place in Squaw Valley, California. Roger Maris hit homer number 61, setting a record that wasn't broken until the September of 1998 by Mark McGwire.Roger Maris hit homer number 61, setting a record that wasn't broken until the September of 1998 by Mark McGwire. Wilma Rudolph, a black American woman, received three Olympic gold medals in fast running. As a child, she was very ill with pneumonia and scarlet fever. She barely lived, and doctors said she probably would never be able to walk again. But she never gave up hope, and was not only able to walk again, but able to outrun everyone else in the Olympics to be rewarded with three gold medals.Wilma Rudolph, a black American woman, received three Olympic gold medals in fast running. As a child, she was very ill with pneumonia and scarlet fever. She barely lived, and doctors said she probably would never be able to walk again. But she never gave up hope, and was not only able to walk again, but able to outrun everyone else in the Olympics to be rewarded with three gold medals. In 1962, Jackie Robinson, the first black American to play in major league baseball, was placed in the Baseball Hall of Fame for his talent.In 1962, Jackie Robinson, the first black American to play in major league baseball, was placed in the Baseball Hall of Fame for his talent. The first Super Bowl was played in 1967, with the Green Bay Packers and the Kansas City Chiefs; the Packers won.The first Super Bowl was played in 1967, with the Green Bay Packers and the Kansas City Chiefs; the Packers won. ClementeMarisRudolph Super Bowl #1 Mantle and Dimaggio

16 Science and Technology The big-three auto manufacturers (Ford, GM and Chrysler) owned the car marketThe big-three auto manufacturers (Ford, GM and Chrysler) owned the car market In science and technology-In science and technology- – pacemakers and lasers –1st birth control pill, Enovid, in –computer silicon chips were patented. –tranquilizer valium was developed –quasars, the most distant objects in the universe, were identified in –Research in ecology grew in response to reports of the environmental impact of pollution. – NASA scientists were hard at work trying to beat the Soviets in putting a man on the moon. –Fear of nuclear war came to a head with the Cuban Missile Crisis in –IBM introduced the System/360 family of compatible computers – improved strain of rice, which ushered in the Green Revolution in developing countries. – Surgeon General reported a link between smoking and lung cancer in 1964 – soft contact lenses were developed in –Supertankers were introduced to transport oil. –The most famous technological event, however, was Apollo 11's moon landing on July 20, 1969, which was televised live to American homes. –Recordings were improved by the development of a Dolby device to filter out background noise. – In 1968, American cars were required to have anti-pollution devices to control emissions because of the newly understood dangers of automobile hydrocarbon emissions.

17 Fads Twist and surfing, the Watusi replaced the twist. The Mashed Potato, the Swim,, the Monkey and the Jerk followed the TwistTwist and surfing, the Watusi replaced the twist. The Mashed Potato, the Swim,, the Monkey and the Jerk followed the TwistMashed PotatoMashed Potato Limbo and Pop Art à la Andy Warhol. Op art, with its thumb-nosing attitude toward established artistic norms of subject and style, became popular. Limbo and Pop Art à la Andy Warhol. Op art, with its thumb-nosing attitude toward established artistic norms of subject and style, became popular. Barbie dolls and Troll dolls were the last word in toy chic. Barbie dolls and Troll dolls were the last word in toy chic. For women, the miniskirt and Jackie Kennedy made pillbox hats and wraparound sunglasses important accessories. The "face of 1966" was Twiggy, the skinny Cockney model who popularized a unisex, nouveaux flapper look for women. Many women wore pierced ears, white boots and white stockings, with the more racy donning microminiskirtsFor women, the miniskirt and Jackie Kennedy made pillbox hats and wraparound sunglasses important accessories. The "face of 1966" was Twiggy, the skinny Cockney model who popularized a unisex, nouveaux flapper look for women. Many women wore pierced ears, white boots and white stockings, with the more racy donning microminiskirts Discotheques became popular.Discotheques became popular. Men wore longer hair, women wore pantsMen wore longer hair, women wore pants The hippie lifestyle was embraced by growing numbers in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco.The hippie lifestyle was embraced by growing numbers in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco. "afro" hairdos and traditional West African garb."afro" hairdos and traditional West African garb. Beach movies grew in popularity, "dry surfing," or skateboarding, became a frequent pastime of young people.Beach movies grew in popularity, "dry surfing," or skateboarding, became a frequent pastime of young people Big Macs and quartz watches were first marketed.1968-Big Macs and quartz watches were first marketed. Cashmere turtlenecks, especially when worn under Nehru jackets, became chic. The mod look of Dutch-boy caps, flamboyant wide ties, silk shirts, and bell-bottomed trousers was the style for men.. Teens wore granny glasses, while the children sported cartoon character watches.Cashmere turtlenecks, especially when worn under Nehru jackets, became chic. The mod look of Dutch-boy caps, flamboyant wide ties, silk shirts, and bell-bottomed trousers was the style for men.. Teens wore granny glasses, while the children sported cartoon character watches.

18 Popular Music Chubby Checker's :The Twist" (1962), Frankie Valli and the Four Season's "Walk Like a Man" (196?), and the Beach Boys' "Surfin' U.S.A." (1963) were among the top songs. Girl groups began releasing hits, such as the Shirelles' "Will you still love me tomorrow" (196?).Chubby Checker's :The Twist" (1962), Frankie Valli and the Four Season's "Walk Like a Man" (196?), and the Beach Boys' "Surfin' U.S.A." (1963) were among the top songs. Girl groups began releasing hits, such as the Shirelles' "Will you still love me tomorrow" (196?). Sam Cooke and Aretha Franklin followed the lead of Ray Charles in creating the genre of Soul musicSam Cooke and Aretha Franklin followed the lead of Ray Charles in creating the genre of Soul music Bob Dylan's and folk singers like Joan Baez and Peter, Paul, and Mary.Bob Dylan's and folk singers like Joan Baez and Peter, Paul, and Mary. Competing with the Beatles for the top song slots were the elegant Supremes.Competing with the Beatles for the top song slots were the elegant Supremes. In 1967, British and American musicians entered a new psychedelic sonic landscape with albums like Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (The Beatles), Are You Experienced? (Jimi Hendrix), Surrealistic Pillow (Jefferson Airplane), The Doors (Jim Morrison and The Doors), many of these musicians and their fans used mind-altering drugs to produce or enhance these effects. Whereas marijuana had been the most common drug among folk, R&B, and rock musicians, LSD became popular among those of the acid rock, heavy metal, and psychedelic crowd.In 1967, British and American musicians entered a new psychedelic sonic landscape with albums like Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (The Beatles), Are You Experienced? (Jimi Hendrix), Surrealistic Pillow (Jefferson Airplane), The Doors (Jim Morrison and The Doors), many of these musicians and their fans used mind-altering drugs to produce or enhance these effects. Whereas marijuana had been the most common drug among folk, R&B, and rock musicians, LSD became popular among those of the acid rock, heavy metal, and psychedelic crowd.

19 Civil Rights The black movement began peacefully, with Martin Luther King and Stokely Carmichael leading sit-ins and peaceful protests, joined by whites and Jews.The black movement began peacefully, with Martin Luther King and Stokely Carmichael leading sit-ins and peaceful protests, joined by whites and Jews.Martin Luther King Stokely CarmichaelMartin Luther King Stokely Carmichael Malcolm X preached black superiority Malcolm X preached black superiorityMalcolm XMalcolm X Black Panthers were advocating black separatism, violence and anti- Semitism.Black Panthers were advocating black separatism, violence and anti- Semitism.Black Panthers Black Panthers The term "blacks" became socially acceptable, replacing "Negroes." The term "blacks" became socially acceptable, replacing "Negroes." The number of Hispanic Americans tripled during the decade and became recognized as an oppressed minority. Cesar Chavez organized Hispanics in the United Farm Workers Association.The number of Hispanic Americans tripled during the decade and became recognized as an oppressed minority. Cesar Chavez organized Hispanics in the United Farm Workers Association.Cesar ChavezUnited Farm Workers AssociationCesar ChavezUnited Farm Workers Association American Indians, facing unemployment rates of 50% and a life expectancy only two-thirds that of whites, began to assert themselves in the courts and in violent protests.American Indians, facing unemployment rates of 50% and a life expectancy only two-thirds that of whites, began to assert themselves in the courts and in violent protests.American IndiansviolentAmerican Indiansviolent The Presidential Commission of the Status of Women (1963) presented disturbing facts about women's place in our society. Betty Friedan, Pauli Murray and Gloria Steinem, (National Organization of Women) questioned the unequal treatment of women, gave birth to Women's Lib,.The Presidential Commission of the Status of Women (1963) presented disturbing facts about women's place in our society. Betty Friedan, Pauli Murray and Gloria Steinem, (National Organization of Women) questioned the unequal treatment of women, gave birth to Women's Lib,.Betty FriedanGloria SteinemNational Organization of Women Women's Lib,Betty FriedanGloria SteinemNational Organization of Women Women's Lib, The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was amended to include gender. The birth control pill became widely available and abortion for cause was legalized in Colorado in In 1967, both abortion and artificial insemination became legal in some states..The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was amended to include gender. The birth control pill became widely available and abortion for cause was legalized in Colorado in In 1967, both abortion and artificial insemination became legal in some states..Civil Rights Act birth control pillabortionCivil Rights Act birth control pillabortion

20 Black Revolt and Youth Rebellion Summer Freedom Project- CORE to get blacks registered to vote in Mississippi. Three civil rights workers killed, homes and churches bombed and burned.Summer Freedom Project- CORE to get blacks registered to vote in Mississippi. Three civil rights workers killed, homes and churches bombed and burned. Civil Rights Act of integration of public places.Civil Rights Act of integration of public places Martin Luther King Jr. gets Nobel Peace Prize Martin Luther King Jr. gets Nobel Peace Prize. Selma Freedom March march from Selma to Montgomery Alabama for freedom from the oppression. Gov. Wallace tried to stop it, but government troops protected the third march attempt and it was successful.Selma Freedom March march from Selma to Montgomery Alabama for freedom from the oppression. Gov. Wallace tried to stop it, but government troops protected the third march attempt and it was successful. Malcolm X- Nation of Islam and assassinated.Malcolm X- Nation of Islam and assassinated. Stokely Carmichael- “Black Power”Stokely Carmichael- “Black Power” Riots in major cities.Riots in major cities. Youth Rebellion- Baby Boom and prosperity. Hippies and the counterculture. New Left- SNCC, SDS, Weathermen, Campus protest, and Anti-Vietnam.Youth Rebellion- Baby Boom and prosperity. Hippies and the counterculture. New Left- SNCC, SDS, Weathermen, Campus protest, and Anti-Vietnam.

21 Racism Integration- Even after 1954 schools still segregated- private schools, movement of whites to all white neighborhoods; large all Black neighborhoods; New schools and district lines; Court orders integrationIntegration- Even after 1954 schools still segregated- private schools, movement of whites to all white neighborhoods; large all Black neighborhoods; New schools and district lines; Court orders integration Forced Busing- is the concept of achieving racial or economic integration in schools by transportation of schoolchildren by bus to schools outside their neighborhoods Court ordered to provide a racial balance. Violence. Created new problem- long bus rides, parent and teacher communication suffered.Forced Busing- is the concept of achieving racial or economic integration in schools by transportation of schoolchildren by bus to schools outside their neighborhoods. Court ordered to provide a racial balance. Violence. Created new problem- long bus rides, parent and teacher communication suffered. Affirmative Action- Affirmative Action levels the playing field so people of color and all women have the chance to compete in education and in business. Despite the enormous gains made by the civil rights and women's rights movements, women and people of color still face unfair obstacles in business and education.Affirmative Action- Affirmative Action levels the playing field so people of color and all women have the chance to compete in education and in business. Despite the enormous gains made by the civil rights and women's rights movements, women and people of color still face unfair obstacles in business and education. Reverse Discrimination- “Bakke Case- 1978”. Discrimination against members of a dominant or majority group, especially when resulting from policies established to correct discrimination against members of a minority or disadvantaged group.Reverse Discrimination- “Bakke Case- 1978”. Discrimination against members of a dominant or majority group, especially when resulting from policies established to correct discrimination against members of a minority or disadvantaged group.

22 Woodstock 1969 No where was counterculture so celebrated as at the mass music festivals of the late sixties, culminating in the Woodstock festival in A ticket for one day cost $6- $8; a 3-day ticket: $18-24.No where was counterculture so celebrated as at the mass music festivals of the late sixties, culminating in the Woodstock festival in A ticket for one day cost $6- $8; a 3-day ticket: $ Three days of Peace and Music." August 15, 16, and 17, 1969.Three days of Peace and Music." August 15, 16, and 17, ,000 kids 450,000 kids 100 miles from New York City100 miles from New York City In a matter of minutes, the festival became a free eventIn a matter of minutes, the festival became a free event People parked their cars as far as 20 miles away. Once you arrived, you had to stay; there was nowhere to go. There was no place to sleep, no place to bathe, no place to eat... no place to nothin'.People parked their cars as far as 20 miles away. Once you arrived, you had to stay; there was nowhere to go. There was no place to sleep, no place to bathe, no place to eat... no place to nothin'.

23 Woodstock 1969 Woodstock hoped to draw a crowd of 150,000 for a celebration of a communal spirit and to hear some of the most popular rock acts of the day.Woodstock hoped to draw a crowd of 150,000 for a celebration of a communal spirit and to hear some of the most popular rock acts of the day. The festival started on Friday, August 15, 1969, and the crowds quickly grew to number over 450,000, causing massive traffic jams, logistical nightmares, shortages of food and medical supplies, and potential problems of crowd control.The festival started on Friday, August 15, 1969, and the crowds quickly grew to number over 450,000, causing massive traffic jams, logistical nightmares, shortages of food and medical supplies, and potential problems of crowd control. On Saturday, the gates were opened to accommodate the many thousands who arrived without tickets. The music was almost nonstop, the rains came, drug use was widespread, sanitary conditions were primitive, bad acid trips were a constant problem, yet somehow it all worked out.On Saturday, the gates were opened to accommodate the many thousands who arrived without tickets. The music was almost nonstop, the rains came, drug use was widespread, sanitary conditions were primitive, bad acid trips were a constant problem, yet somehow it all worked out. Richie Havens; Country Joe McDonald; Jimi Hendrix; John Sebastian; Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; Melanie; Arlo Guthrie; CCR, Janis Joplin; Jefferson Airplane; and the Grateful Dead.Richie Havens; Country Joe McDonald; Jimi Hendrix; John Sebastian; Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; Melanie; Arlo Guthrie; CCR, Janis Joplin; Jefferson Airplane; and the Grateful Dead. A few months later, a similar gathering was held at a racetrack in Altamont, California, and turned ugly when members of the Hell's Angels attacked and killed a man near the stage where the Rolling Stones were performing.A few months later, a similar gathering was held at a racetrack in Altamont, California, and turned ugly when members of the Hell's Angels attacked and killed a man near the stage where the Rolling Stones were performing.

24 Rebellion and the Counterculture Problems- escalating war in Vietnam, the incomplete success of the Great Society and the civil rights movement.Problems- escalating war in Vietnam, the incomplete success of the Great Society and the civil rights movement. The pursuit of sex, drugs, and rock and roll became the preoccupation- “Tune in, turn on and drop out”. Communes arose.The pursuit of sex, drugs, and rock and roll became the preoccupation- “Tune in, turn on and drop out”. Communes arose. The counter-culture lifestyle stressed:*freedom,*peace,*love & tolerance,*getting back to nature,*the power of the group. “You're either on the bus or off the bus.” “Do your own thing”, “ Tell it like it is”, and experimentation with drugs and more extensive sexual activity. “Better living through chemistry.”The counter-culture lifestyle stressed:*freedom,*peace,*love & tolerance,*getting back to nature,*the power of the group. “You're either on the bus or off the bus.” “Do your own thing”, “ Tell it like it is”, and experimentation with drugs and more extensive sexual activity. “Better living through chemistry.” San Francisco was a major hub. Young people across the country emulated aspects of the hippie lifestyle.San Francisco was a major hub. Young people across the country emulated aspects of the hippie lifestyle. The hippie lifestyle appeared on television, in the movies, and on Broadway.The hippie lifestyle appeared on television, in the movies, and on Broadway. Americans became fascinated with everything from East Asian clothing to Hindu mysticism. Among the most eager consumers of mysticism were the residents of Haight-Ashbury in San Francisco.Americans became fascinated with everything from East Asian clothing to Hindu mysticism. Among the most eager consumers of mysticism were the residents of Haight-Ashbury in San Francisco. The hippie counterculture came with a uniform: long hair, tie-dyed shirts, jeans, protest buttons, long flowered skirts. Just as the hippie look was considerably more relaxed than prevailing standards, hippie sexual mores were generally looser than those of the general populace. Nevertheless, their actions made an impact on the larger society, changing the role of sex in American society. “A hippie is someone who dresses like Tarzan, has hair like Jane, and smells like Cheetah." --California governor Ronald ReaganThe hippie counterculture came with a uniform: long hair, tie-dyed shirts, jeans, protest buttons, long flowered skirts. Just as the hippie look was considerably more relaxed than prevailing standards, hippie sexual mores were generally looser than those of the general populace. Nevertheless, their actions made an impact on the larger society, changing the role of sex in American society. “A hippie is someone who dresses like Tarzan, has hair like Jane, and smells like Cheetah." --California governor Ronald Reagan

25 Rebellion and the Counterculture The Supreme Court decided in 1962 that prayer in the public schools was unconstitutional.The Supreme Court decided in 1962 that prayer in the public schools was unconstitutional.prayer As the 1960's progressed, many young people turned from mainstream Protestant religions to mystic eastern religions such as Transcendental Meditation (Maharishi Mahesh Yogi) or Zen Buddhism.As the 1960's progressed, many young people turned from mainstream Protestant religions to mystic eastern religions such as Transcendental Meditation (Maharishi Mahesh Yogi) or Zen Buddhism.Transcendental MeditationMaharishi Mahesh YogiZen BuddhismTranscendental MeditationMaharishi Mahesh YogiZen Buddhism Respect for authority declined among the youth, and crime rates soared to nine times the rate of the 1950's.Respect for authority declined among the youth, and crime rates soared to nine times the rate of the 1950's. Marijuana use soared. Respected figures such as Timothy Leary encouraged the use of LSD as a mind-opening drug.Marijuana use soared. Respected figures such as Timothy Leary encouraged the use of LSD as a mind-opening drug.MarijuanaTimothy LearyLSDMarijuanaTimothy LearyLSD A number dropped out into communal living One dictionary definition of a classic commune is 'a relatively small, often rural, community whose members share common interests, work and income and often own property collectively'. But the commune idea can take many forms:A number dropped out into communal living. One dictionary definition of a classic commune is 'a relatively small, often rural, community whose members share common interests, work and income and often own property collectively'. But the commune idea can take many forms:

26 Rebellion and the College Campus- The New Left The New Left was made up largely of college students.The New Left was made up largely of college students. Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), which was formed in Michigan in It attacked social injustice and the values of the so-called Affluent Society.Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), which was formed in Michigan in It attacked social injustice and the values of the so-called Affluent Society. The New Left grew in 1964 with the onset of the free-speech movement at the University of California at Berkeley, which was a protest against restrictions on student involvement in political demonstrations on campus.The New Left grew in 1964 with the onset of the free-speech movement at the University of California at Berkeley, which was a protest against restrictions on student involvement in political demonstrations on campus. It also won followers by denouncing American involvement in Vietnam and deploring the failure of Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society programs to eradicate poverty.It also won followers by denouncing American involvement in Vietnam and deploring the failure of Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society programs to eradicate poverty. Best known of the demonstrations took place at Columbia University in 1968, Harvard University in 1969, and Kent State University in 1970, when the National Guard killed four students after being called out to stop antiwar protests.Best known of the demonstrations took place at Columbia University in 1968, Harvard University in 1969, and Kent State University in 1970, when the National Guard killed four students after being called out to stop antiwar protests. The New Left was also active in the counterculture of the 1960s.The New Left was also active in the counterculture of the 1960s.

27 Rebellion and the Democratic Convention of 1968 Before the convention- King assassinated, RFK assassinated, and countless anti-war demonstrations.Before the convention- King assassinated, RFK assassinated, and countless anti-war demonstrations. For the Democratic party, Chicago '68 doomed the candidacy of Hubert Humphrey and set off shock waves of reform.For the Democratic party, Chicago '68 doomed the candidacy of Hubert Humphrey and set off shock waves of reform. For the Left (antiwar), Chicago '68 hastened the demise of SDS and intensified the revolutionary fervor that would spawn street violence and bombings. For the Left (antiwar), Chicago '68 hastened the demise of SDS and intensified the revolutionary fervor that would spawn street violence and bombings. Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman- leaders of the Youth International Party (YIPPIES) came to Chicago Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman- leaders of the Youth International Party (YIPPIES) came to Chicago For the media, Chicago '68 created a deep suspicion of the state and its minions.For the media, Chicago '68 created a deep suspicion of the state and its minions. For Chicago, Chicago '68 weakened support for the last of the big-city bosses and fanned the flames of political reform.For Chicago, Chicago '68 weakened support for the last of the big-city bosses and fanned the flames of political reform. In the end 8 police charged and 8 civilians charged (“Chicago 8”- later the “Chicago 7”In the end 8 police charged and 8 civilians charged (“Chicago 8”- later the “Chicago 7”

28 Rebellion and the Anti-War Movement Quaker and Unitarian beliefs had long existed in the United States.Quaker and Unitarian beliefs had long existed in the United States. The escalating nuclear arms race of the late 1950s- goal was to reduce.The escalating nuclear arms race of the late 1950s- goal was to reduce. Unwilling to settle for fewer nuclear weapons, students desired a wholesale restructuring of American societyUnwilling to settle for fewer nuclear weapons, students desired a wholesale restructuring of American society At first the SDS and New Left focused on domestic reforms and supported Johnson and fought for Civil Rights and student Rights.At first the SDS and New Left focused on domestic reforms and supported Johnson and fought for Civil Rights and student Rights Bombing of North Vietnam -Anti-War demonstration. Teach-ins on campuses. March on Washington.1965-Bombing of North Vietnam -Anti-War demonstration. Teach-ins on campuses. March on Washington Alternative service suggestion and draft evaders Alternative service suggestion and draft evaders. Tet Offensive escalated anti war sentimentTet Offensive escalated anti war sentiment most powerful- second march on Washington and My Lai Massacre most powerful- second march on Washington and My Lai Massacre Bombing of Cambodia, Kent State and the Pentagon Papers Bombing of Cambodia, Kent State and the Pentagon Papers.

29 Rebellion and the Weathermen The Weathermen, also known as the Weather Underground Organization,The Weathermen, also known as the Weather Underground Organization, "revolutionary organization of communist men and women" splintered from the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)."revolutionary organization of communist men and women" splintered from the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS). communistStudents for a Democratic Society communistStudents for a Democratic Society Weathermen advocated the overthrow of the government of the United States and the system of capitalism; toward that end, they carried out a campaign of bombings, jailbreaks, and riots.Weathermen advocated the overthrow of the government of the United States and the system of capitalism; toward that end, they carried out a campaign of bombings, jailbreaks, and riots.capitalism In October 1969, the Weathermen organized their first event, called the "Days of Rage," in ChicagoIn October 1969, the Weathermen organized their first event, called the "Days of Rage," in ChicagoOctober1969October1969 n 1970, the group issued a Declaration of War against the United States government, changing its name to the "weather underground organization", adopting fake identities, and pursuing covert activities only. Broke Timothy Leary out of Jail.n 1970, the group issued a Declaration of War against the United States government, changing its name to the "weather underground organization", adopting fake identities, and pursuing covert activities only. Broke Timothy Leary out of Jail.1970

30 Vietnam Selective Service- The DraftSelective Service- The Draft lottery drawing - the first since was held on December 1, 1969, at Selective Service National Headquarters in Washington, D.C. This event determined the order of call for induction during calendar year 1970, that is, for registrants born between January 1, 1944, and December 31, Reinstitution of the lottery was a change from the "draft the oldest man first" method, which had been the determining method for deciding order of call.lottery drawing - the first since was held on December 1, 1969, at Selective Service National Headquarters in Washington, D.C. This event determined the order of call for induction during calendar year 1970, that is, for registrants born between January 1, 1944, and December 31, Reinstitution of the lottery was a change from the "draft the oldest man first" method, which had been the determining method for deciding order of call. There were 366 blue plastic capsules containing birth dates placed in a large glass container and drawn by hand to assign order-of-call numbers to all men within the age range specified in Selective Service lawThere were 366 blue plastic capsules containing birth dates placed in a large glass container and drawn by hand to assign order-of-call numbers to all men within the age range specified in Selective Service law

31 RESULTS FROM LOTTERY FOR MEN FACING THE DRAFT IN 1972 The lottery drawing held August 5, 1971, determined the order in which men born in 1952 were called to report for induction into the military.The lottery drawing held August 5, 1971, determined the order in which men born in 1952 were called to report for induction into the military. How to read this chart: This chart shows all the birth dates in a given year and the lottery numbers assigned to those dates. Read this chart like a multiplication table. At the top of the chart are the months of the year. On the far left are the dates of the month. The numbers in the center represent lottery numbers. For example: To find the lottery number assigned to July 15, look down from "July" till it matches up with the number "15" on the left side of the table. The corresponding number in the middle is "088." This means that all men born on July 15, 1952, were assigned the lottery number 88.How to read this chart: This chart shows all the birth dates in a given year and the lottery numbers assigned to those dates. Read this chart like a multiplication table. At the top of the chart are the months of the year. On the far left are the dates of the month. The numbers in the center represent lottery numbers. For example: To find the lottery number assigned to July 15, look down from "July" till it matches up with the number "15" on the left side of the table. The corresponding number in the middle is "088." This means that all men born on July 15, 1952, were assigned the lottery number 88. The highest lottery number called for this group was 95; all men assigned that lottery number or any lower number, and who were classified 1-A or 1-A-O (available for military service), were called to report for possible induction.The highest lottery number called for this group was 95; all men assigned that lottery number or any lower number, and who were classified 1-A or 1-A-O (available for military service), were called to report for possible induction.

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