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Test taking strategies

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Presentation on theme: "Test taking strategies"— Presentation transcript:

1 Test taking strategies

2 Identify the word that is being defined Find where the word is located
Vocabulary Identify the word that is being defined What does the word reenactment mean in paragraph 12? A A protest in response to an action B A repetition of an event C A celebration of a famous person D A competition involving many participants Find where the word is located How to Solve: Read the word within the text. Make a guess at the definition if you want. Look the word up in the dictionary. Match the word up with a definition. Check to make sure that particular definition works in the text. Make sure your answer, answers the question

3 Compare and Contrast How to Solve:
Notice you are looking for similarities According to the information in “Consider This,” how is a spider weaving a web similar to Homan Walsh flying the kite? F Both depend on the wind for success. G Both rely on others to complete their task. H Both create something that is useful to others. J Both experience failure in the beginning stages of their work. Notice what two things are being compared. How to Solve: Use the answers as a checklist. Use text evidence to prove that it is a similarity. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

4 Graphics How to Solve: Identify the location of the image
The image below paragraph 1 is included in the selection most likely to — A highlight the distance that the kite had to fly in order to cross the river B show where the ferry transported Walsh C explain how Walsh developed his plan for flying his kite across the river D show why engineers chose this location for a bridge What is the purpose in the image How to Solve: View the image and find the different benefits of having it displayed. Use the answer choices to determine what the best reason is. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

5 Organization How to Solve:
How are the ideas put together The author organizes this selection by — F identifying the reasons for building the bridge and showing how people benefited from it G comparing building the bridge to flying a kite H stating a problem related to building the bridge and explaining how it was solved J listing all the people involved in building the bridge and describing their contributions How to Solve: View the text and come up with your own idea of how the ideas are sequenced. Check the passage with each answer choice to confirm or deny the organization. Make sure it describes the entire passage. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

6 Conclusion is a synonym text evidence is located
for inference Inference The subject Which of these conclusions about Homan Walsh is supported by paragraph 9? A He was a perfectionist. B He was confident he would win the contest. C He did not accept failure. D He was motivated by the prize money offered to the winner. This is where your text evidence is located How to Solve: Reread paragraph 9 One option is to create an It Says, I Say chart. Use text evidence to support your inference. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

7 What inference was the author trying to make by including this line.
Author’s Purpose and Inference Identify the location Read this sentence from paragraph 5. In the car, I was a captive audience. The author uses this sentence to explain how her driving lessons — F made her feel helpless G gave her father the chance to speak H became deeply interesting to her J allowed her father to display his skills What inference was the author trying to make by including this line. How to Solve: Reread paragraph 5 Look at the particular sentence. Identify the meaning of captive. What type of inference can you make? (It Says, I Say?) Make sure your answer, answers the question.

8 about the entire passage.
Summary Summaries should be about the entire passage. Which of these is the best summary of the selection? A The author had her driving permit for a whole year without learning how to drive well. Since her mother was unable to teach her, the task was given to her father. While driving with her father, the author learned about what type of music he liked and how he and her mother met. B The author finally took the time to listen to her father’s stories about his life when he was young. Doing so made her realize that many things in her life were distracting her from having a close relationship with him. C The author’s usually silent father tried to teach her how to drive. During the driving lessons he surprised her by talking freely. As the author learned more about her father, she realized that she needed to make an effort to develop a better relationship with him. D The author wanted to learn to drive, and her father began to teach her. As the driving lessons continued, she got used to his personal stories and began to like them. The author’s driving skills eventually improved. How to Solve: Create a BME at the end of each answer choice. (Beginning, Middle, End) As you read each answer choice, cross off when each part is reached. Make sure your answer, answers the question. BME BME BME BME

9 Identify what you are making
Infer means INFERENCE. Read between the lines Inference Identify what you are making The inference on. What can the reader infer about the author’s father? A He came to appreciate the opportunity to share his past with his daughter. B He gave his daughter driving lessons because his wife insisted. C He concentrated better than his daughter when they talked. D He thought that talking to his daughter might help her drive better. How to Solve: Go back and reread An option is to create an It Says, I Say chart Make sure you have the text evidence to back you up. Make sure your answer, answers the question

10 Comprehension How to Solve: Identify what the question is asking
What chore do the father and daughter perform in the poem? F Baling hay G Clearings now H Exercising cattle J Feeding livestock How to Solve: Reread this section of the passage. Make sure you have text evidence. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

11 Imagery and Inference How to Solve: Identify the meaning of imagery
Identify where the imagery takes place The imagery in stanzas 3 and 4 suggests that — A Dad is not confident about Brandy’s ability to drive B Brandy is unable to see because of the dust C Dad is in a hurry to finish the task D Brandy is keenly aware of her surroundings Suggest = inference How to Solve: Highlight or underline the imagery words Reread this part of the poem. Making a suggestion means you inference. So an It Says, I Say is an option. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

12 Identify what type of mood for this particular question
Identify the location Identify what type of mood for this particular question In paragraph 1, which words does the author use to create a gloomy mood? F dim, stench G lowest, vessel H boat, section J letter, curse How to Solve: Reread the paragraph. Think back to the flower activity we did. Look at just the words. Use your text evidence. Use the dictionary if you need to. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

13 Plot How to Solve: What part of the plot Are we referring to.
Why is the letter important to this story? A It shows that Pavel’s countrymen have renamed their town. B It suggests that Pavel has family members who love him. C It tells how Pavel’s uncle managed to acquire new land. D It explains Pavel’s motivation for enduring the journey. How to Solve: Reread this particular part in the passage. Think about how the story would have been different if this letter had not been a part of it. Think cause and effect. Make sure you have text evidence. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

14 Characters and Plot How to Solve: Contribute = help
Pavel’s interaction with Miklos contributes to the plot by— F causing Pavel to use a different strategy to get some soup G showing how much smaller Pavel is compared with Miklos H highlighting why Miklos is rude to Pavel J indicating where Miklos is standing when Pavel begins to sing a song How to Solve: Reread this part of the passage. Consider what would have happened if this did not occur. Think cause and effect. Make sure you have text evidence to support. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

15 Internal = a character’s struggle
Conflict = Problem Internal = a character’s struggle with themselves. Conflict Which of these best describes Pavel’s internal conflict in the story? A He is unhappy about the cost of his ticket. B A man places him on the other side of the ship. C A man stands between him and the soup pot. D He is not prepared for the misery of the voyage to America. How to Solve: Identify where the conflict happens. Reread this part. Use text evidence to prove your answer. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

16 Point of View How to Solve: Identify the POV In the passage
What does this POV Help you realize The point of view from which the story is told gives the reader insight into — F Uncle John’s optimistic attitude G the reasons for the travelers’ journey H Pavel’s feelings about his experience J how beautiful the passengers’ destination is How to Solve: Identify the narrator of the story. Highlight, underline, or make a note of things you as the reader gets to understand because of this narrator. Use text evidence to help Make sure your answer, answers the question.

17 Setting and Plot How to Solve: Influence = effect Identify the setting
How does the setting influence the plot of the story? A The conditions on the boat contribute to the conflict Pavel experiences. B The letter from Pavel’s uncle introduces an important character. C The man standing in front of the soup pot provides comic relief. D Pavel’s fellow passengers encourage him to remain hopeful about purchasing land. How to Solve: Reread parts that happened in this particular setting. How does this setting change the mood or actions of characters. Think cause and effect. Use text evidence. Make sure your answer, answers the question

18 What is a life lesson the author
Theme – moral or lesson What is a life lesson the author wanted you to learn? Theme A theme expressed in the story centers on — F treating everyone fairly G helping those who are in need H making the best of a bad situation J hiding anger from others How to Solve: Identify the theme using text evidence. This theme should cover the entire passage. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

19 Main Idea How to Solve: What was the one thing The author wanted you
To know Main Idea Which sentence expresses the main idea of the selection? F The International Sweethearts of Rhythm traveled and performed in the United States during World War II. G The International Sweethearts of Rhythm commonly performed to sold-out crowds in ballrooms and theaters. H The International Sweethearts of Rhythm were an all-female touring swing band popular during the 1940s. J The International Sweethearts of Rhythm chose to play swing music because it was what most people wanted to hear. How to Solve: Identify the main idea. This should cover the entire passage. Use text evidence to support. Make sure your answer, answers the question.

20 Inference synonyms Suggest CONVEY INFER CONCLUDE CONCLUSIONS

21 Poet – Who wrote the poem. The author
The speaker and poet ARE NOT THE SAME PERSON! Speaker – who is telling the poem. The character/narrator Poet – Who wrote the poem. The author

22 ead stage directions for…
M S ead stage directions for… haracters ovement and mood etting

23 REMEMBER… - Use text evidence to support your answer.
- Write why an answer was wrong. So that you can remember your thought process when you go back to check. - Reread before your check your answers. Otherwise you have the same mind set you did the first time. Take breaks. Not too many though. You’re On a time limit. - Check back over your bubbling several times - Take your time! you’ve got 4 hours!


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