Presentation on theme: "LITERARY TECHNIQUES BEOWULF"— Presentation transcript:
1 LITERARY TECHNIQUES BEOWULF This presentation was created following the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia. Certain materials are included under the Fair Use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law. Further use of these materials and this presentation is restricted.
2 QUICK WRITE Write your reaction to the following statement: Consider its meaningConsider evidence to support your thoughts.Fame after death is the noblest of goals.Author unknown (700 A.D.) Beowulf
4 Anglo-Saxon Time period BleakHarshPagansWyrd=fateSurvival of the fittest
5 KENNINGSWhat common object do all of the following kennings describe? What essential quality of the object does each kenning focus on?Arrow AimerAntique PrinterDust TerrorFowl FashionTickle Tool
6 KENNING A literary device popular in Anglo-Saxon Old English poetry. A literary device - a noun is renamed in a creative way using a compound word or union of two separate words to combine ideas.Essentially, they are metaphorical circumlocutions, (the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea) describing a well-known noun in a new way which gives information about its qualities and characteristics
7 KENNING SAMPLES SCHOOL=SCHOLAR’S HOME PARENTS=CAR LOANERS COCA-COLA=HUMANITY’S BEVERAGE
9 CREATE YOUR OWN KENNINGS Choose any five of the words listed and create as many kennings for it as you can.TeacherBus driverFiremenTelevisionMeatloafPolicePop tartsMusicLoveComputer
10 WRITING PRACTICE: Kenning Write five complete sentences which each incorporate the use of kennings to achieve a creative description.
11 CAESURAA pause somewhere in the middle of a verse. Some lines have strong, easily recognizable caesurae, which usually coincide with punctuation in the line, while others have weak ones. It’s conventional to mark them with a double bar; ΙΙ
12 CAESURA EXAMPLE From Pope Alas how changed!ΙΙWhat sudden horrors rise! A naked lover ΙΙbound and bleeding lies!Where, where was Eloise?ΙΙher voice, her hand,Her poniard, ΙΙhad opposed the dire command.
13 HEMI-STICHEhalf a poetic line of verse usually divided by a caesura
14 ALLITERATION Clark Kent Hulk Hogan the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllablesExamples:Wild woolyJenny JonesPeter ParkerBruce BannerSusie sells seashells by the seashoreClark KentHulk Hogan
15 WATCH OUT Do not confuse alliteration with assonance. Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds; alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds.Assonance-Ashley Anne, Oliver Oswell
16 Beowulf consists primarily of 4 beat alliterative lines that allow for a caesura. The use of kenning helps not only keep the meaning interesting, but can also help maintain the beat, caesura placement or alliteration.
17 IDENTIFYIdentify the caesura, alliteration and kenning in this line from Beowulf.“They lay on the sea-bench slain with the sword”“They lay on the sea-bench// slain with the sword”
19 CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EPIC Narrative StoryEpic human with superhuman strengthConflictSupernatural forcesVisit to Hades (in some form) enemyActions of Hero affect NationVast settingUniversal ThemesElevated/Formal styleThe main character is a hero, who is often possessed of supernatural abilities or qualities.The hero is charged with a quest.The hero is tested, often to prove the worthiness of himself and his quest.
20 CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EPIC The presence of numerous mythical beings, magical and helpful animals and human helpers and companions.The hero’s travels take him to supernatural world, often one that normal human beings are barred from entering.The cycle must reach a low point where the hero nearly gives up his quest or appears defeated.A resurrection.Restitution. Often this takes the form of the hero regaining his rightful place on throne.