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{ US History II Midterm Review. Federal Government.

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Presentation on theme: "{ US History II Midterm Review. Federal Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 { US History II Midterm Review

2 Federal Government

3 Describe Amendments 1- 10 (Bill of Rights)

4 1- freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, petition 2-right to bear arms 3- citizens do not have to house soldiers 4- search and seizure 5- double jeopardy, self-incrimination, eminent domain, due process, grand jury

5 6- the accused have the right to a speedy and public trial 7- right to a jury in civil cases (money or property) 8- no excessive bail or fines, no cruel or unusual punishment 9-people have rights not listed in the Constitution 10-rights not listed in the Constitution belong to the states


7 What does Amendment 22 state?

8 No person shall be elected to the office of President more than twice.

9 Explain the separation of powers.

10 Powers of the government are divided into three branches

11 Explain checks and balances.

12 A President’s veto of a bill passed by Congress best illustrates this principle

13 What is a special session?

14 In a legislature, a special session is a period when the body convenes outside of the normal legislative session.

15 Define impeachment.

16 The power of Congress to charge an official with misbehaviors and bring that person to trial for removal from office.

17 How many electoral votes are needed to become president?

18 270

19 What is the job of the Executive Branch?

20 To enforce laws

21 What is the total number of amendments to the Constitution?

22 27

23 How many members are in the House of Representatives?

24 435

25 How many members were in the Senate?

26 100

27 What is the job of the Legislative Branch?

28 To make laws

29 What is the cabinet?

30 Name of the fifteen advisors to the president

31 What is the job of the Judicial Branch?

32 To interpret laws and settle disputes

33 State, County and Local Government

34 Who succeeds the governor to office?

35 Lieutenant Governor

36 Who appoints state officials?

37 Governor

38 Who approves the governor’s appointments?

39 Senate

40 How many legislative districts are in NJ?

41 40

42 Who receives sample ballots?

43 Registered voters

44 World War II

45 Who was Stalin?

46 Soviet dictator who transformed the Soviet Union from a rural nation into an industrial power

47 Describe the Holocaust.

48 The genocide (deliberate extermination of a specific group of people) of Jews and other groups in Europe by the Nazis before and during WWII

49 Why did the US enter WWII?

50 Japan bombed Pearl Harbor

51 Why were Japanese Americans placed in internment camps?

52 Because of anti-Japanese sentiment (prejudice)

53 Who were the WAACs and what were their jobs?

54 Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps – nurses, radio operators, ambulance drivers

55 What was the Battle of the Bulge?

56 Last German offensive, Germany retreated

57 What happened on V-E Day/May 8, 1945?

58 Germany surrendered

59 What was Germany’s goal in the Battle of the Atlantic?

60 Germany’s goal was to keep food and war supplies from reaching Great Britain and the Soviet Union

61 What was the GI Bill of Rights?

62 The federal government paid for veterans to go to college or technical school, gave them loans to buy homes, farms, and businesses

63 Korematsu vs. US

64 Supreme Court upheld the government’s practice of placing Japanese Americans in internment camps

65 What was the Manhattan Project?

66 Plan to develop the atomic bomb

67 What were the two cities where the atomic bomb was dropped?

68 Hiroshima & Nagasaki

69 What was Operation Torch?

70 Code name for Allied invasion of North Africa

71 Which president served more than two terms?

72 Roosevelt

73 What was the battle in the Pacific where Japan’s navy was essentially knocked out of the war?

74 Leyte Gulf

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