Presentation on theme: "U.S. History. Was fought in Europe between 1914-1918 Allied Powers (France, Great Britain, Russia) vs. Central Powers (Germany, Austria, Italy) Causes."— Presentation transcript:
Was fought in Europe between 1914-1918 Allied Powers (France, Great Britain, Russia) vs. Central Powers (Germany, Austria, Italy) Causes Nationalism Militarism Competition for colonies (mainly African) Originally neutral, the U.S. enters in 1917 on the Allied side (Lusitania, Zimmerman tele.) Results: Germany/Central Powers surrender Close to 20 million dead (soldiers and civilians)
U.S President Woodrow Wilson promoted his “14 Points” which promoted peace and unity instead of revenge. European leaders rejected this and wanted to punish Germany and force them to pay reparations for their starting the WWI. Punishment, coupled with the world-wide Great Depression, led to poor living conditions in countries such as Germany and Italy. Germany money became worthless Many were hungry and in poverty
Because of the poor living conditions, dictators such as Adolf Hitler (Germany), Benito Mussolini (Italy) and Joseph Stalin (Russia) came to power. The people of these countries were desperate and looking for answers to their problems. These leaders gave powerful speeches, blamed others for their problems, and united their counties using nationalism and militarism. These totalitarian government shared many similar traits: persecution of opponents, use of military force, few democratic rights, use of secret police/spies, govt. control of media, use of propaganda.
While the Germany and Italy were growing more powerful, France and Great Britain adopted a policy of appeasement, which is letting an enemy get their way in order to maintain peace. Hitler began to add surrounding countries to Germany, including Austria and western Czechoslovakia…these actions went unchecked. On Sept. 1 st, 1939, Germany invaded Poland and World War II officially began. Allies (GB, France, China) vs. Axis (Germany, Italy, Japan) By 1941, Hitler controlled most of Europe including Poland, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, and France. Great Britain is the only Allied country left standing in 1941.