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TURNING POINT OF THE 20 TH CENTURY. NATIONAL MYTHS AND THE WORLD WAR II EXPERIENCE  Each European nation has its own myths regarding WWII…

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Presentation on theme: "TURNING POINT OF THE 20 TH CENTURY. NATIONAL MYTHS AND THE WORLD WAR II EXPERIENCE  Each European nation has its own myths regarding WWII…"— Presentation transcript:

1 TURNING POINT OF THE 20 TH CENTURY

2 NATIONAL MYTHS AND THE WORLD WAR II EXPERIENCE  Each European nation has its own myths regarding WWII…

3 Ussr/russia “THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR…”

4  For the USSR, World War II was the seminal event.  Validated Communism and Stalin  Made Russia one of the two superpowers.

5 Stalinism: the Soviet 1930’s  small peasant farms→huge collective farms  small industries→heavy industries →political terror →major military power Ideology was key Religion ruthlessly suppressed…cathedrals destroyed

6 FIVE YEAR PLANS  Central government planners set goals - Soviet industry almost catches up to rest of Europe in less than 15 years Right: Happy Peasants

7 COLLECTIVE FARMS

8 Famine in Ukraine – See DBQs  HARVESTS FAIL IN

9 ELIMINATING THE KULAKS  Kulaks were prosperous peasants, who sometimes lent money and seed to other peasants  Accused of sabotage  Stalin launches a class war

10 Socialist Realism  ART MUST PROMOTE THE GOALS OF THE REVOLUTION.

11

12 REWRITING HISTORY

13 The Terror of the 1930’s  Show trials  Forced labor in the gulag  Purges: Red Army marshals and generals decimated in

14 THE GULAG  WORK CAMPS FOR DISSENTERS OR ANYONE ACCUSED BY PARTY  MOSTLY IN SIBERIA – MASSIVE PROJECTS BUILT BY SLAVE LABOR

15  STALIN REMOVED ANYONE HE PERCEIVED AS A THREAT  EVENTUALLY, ALMOST ALL THE “OLD BOLSHEVIKS” OF THE REVOLUTION WERE REPLACED BY “LITTLE STALINS” PURGES

16 CULT OF PERSONALITY

17 STALIN AND HITLER  HITLER DETESTS COMMUNISM  Nonaggression Pact signed 1939  Stalin cooperates in Hitler’s invasion of Poland, grabs territory.

18 JUNE 22, 1941 Germany Invades

19 What did Stalin do in the first few days?  Hid in the Kremlin…  3 July: radio address by Stalin…  “Forward to victory.”

20 Lend Lease  US aided its allies with war materials, such as ammunition, tanks, airplanes, and trucks, and with food etc.

21 Leningrad  670,000 died and are buried in mass graves…  Soviet citizens paid a hefty price for following Stalin’s order that no one flee a city under siege or retreat from battle

22 THE WAR WAS DECIDED  By the end of 1941, the Germans had lost the war Failure of Nazis to take Moscow – Hitler suffers his 1 st defeat against the Russians who were ordered not to retreat US entry into the war

23 …Normandy to Germany  Race for Berlin began  Realization that where the lines were when the war ended would determine post war governments  First post-war conference Yalta…January 1945

24 What was the primary concern of Stalin and the USSR at the end of WWII?

25 THE RUSSIANS WON THE SECOND WORLD WAR AIDED BY BRITISH STUBBORNESS AND AMERICAN TECHNOLOGY…. Jay Winter, Yale


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