For the USSR, World War II was the seminal event. Validated Communism and Stalin Made Russia one of the two superpowers.
Stalinism: the Soviet 1930’s small peasant farms→huge collective farms small industries→heavy industries →political terror →major military power Ideology was key Religion ruthlessly suppressed…cathedrals destroyed
FIVE YEAR PLANS Central government planners set goals - Soviet industry almost catches up to rest of Europe in less than 15 years Right: Happy Peasants
What did Stalin do in the first few days? Hid in the Kremlin… 3 July: radio address by Stalin… “Forward to victory.”
Lend Lease US aided its allies with war materials, such as ammunition, tanks, airplanes, and trucks, and with food etc.
Nameless @ Leningrad 670,000 died and are buried in mass graves… Soviet citizens paid a hefty price for following Stalin’s order that no one flee a city under siege or retreat from battle
THE WAR WAS DECIDED By the end of 1941, the Germans had lost the war Failure of Nazis to take Moscow – Hitler suffers his 1 st defeat against the Russians who were ordered not to retreat US entry into the war
1944-1945…Normandy to Germany Race for Berlin began Realization that where the lines were when the war ended would determine post war governments First post-war conference Yalta…January 1945
What was the primary concern of Stalin and the USSR at the end of WWII?
THE RUSSIANS WON THE SECOND WORLD WAR AIDED BY BRITISH STUBBORNESS AND AMERICAN TECHNOLOGY…. Jay Winter, Yale