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 I DENTIFY THE TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS THAT TOOK POWER IN R USSIA, I TALY, G ERMANY, AND J APAN AFTER WWI.  S UMMARIZE THE ACTIONS TAKEN BY AGGRESSIVE.

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Presentation on theme: " I DENTIFY THE TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS THAT TOOK POWER IN R USSIA, I TALY, G ERMANY, AND J APAN AFTER WWI.  S UMMARIZE THE ACTIONS TAKEN BY AGGRESSIVE."— Presentation transcript:

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2  I DENTIFY THE TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS THAT TOOK POWER IN R USSIA, I TALY, G ERMANY, AND J APAN AFTER WWI.  S UMMARIZE THE ACTIONS TAKEN BY AGGRESSIVE REGIMES IN E UROPE AND A SIA.

3 END OF WWI REVIEW  T REATY OF V ERSAILLES  D EMILITARIZED G ERMANY  E STABLISHED 9 NEW COUNTRIES : F INLAND, P OLAND, C ZECH, AND Y UGOSLAVIA  G ERMANY MUST SIGN THE W AR - G UILT C LAUSE  R USSIA : B OLSHEVIK R EVOLUTION  C OMMUNISTS GAIN POWER – USSR (S OVIET U NION ) CREATED  1924: J OSEPH S TALIN TOOK POWER

4 EUROPE – AFTER WORLD WAR I

5 WWII IMPORTANT LEADERS TO KNOW  G ERMANY : A DOLF H ITLER  I TALY : B ENITO M USSOLINI  J APAN :  H IRHITO (E MPEROR )  H IDEKI T OJO ( LEADER OF ARMY )  G REAT B RITAIN :  N EVILLE C HAMBERLAIN  W INSTON C HURCHILL  F RANCE : C HARLES DE G AULLE  USSR: J OSEPH S TALIN  USA: F RANKLIN D. R OOSEVELT

6 1. P ROBLEMS LEFT OVER FROM WWI E X : T REATY OF V ERSAILLES 2. T YRANNY AND D ICTATORSHIPS 3. N ATIONALISM 4. M ILITARISM 5. A LLIANCES

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8  T YPE OF GOVERNMENT I WHICH A SINGLE PARTY OR LEADER CONTROLS THE ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL LIVES OF THE PEOPLE.  I. E.: DICTATORSHIPS

9  STRESSED NATIONALISM AND PLACED INTERESTS OF THE STATE ABOVE INDIVIDUALS  Idea: power must rest with a single strong leader and small group of devoted followers

10  L EADER : A DOLF H ITLER (1933 – C HANCELLOR )  L EADER OF THE N ATIONAL S OCIALIST G ERMAN W ORKER ’ S PARTY (N AZI PARTY )  E STABLISHED THE T HIRD R EICH (3 RD G ERMAN E MPIRE )  C ALLED D ER F ÜHRER – “ THE L EADER ”

11  P ROMISED TO BRING G ERMANY OUT OF THE C HAOS THAT CAME FROM WWI - TREATY OF V ERSAILLES  N AZISM : BASED ON M EIN K AMPF  G ERMAN BRAND OF FASCISM  H ITLER AND THE N AZIS SUPPORTED 2 THINGS : 1. “P URIFICATION ” AT HOME ( OF THE G ERMAN RACE ) - V IEWED G ERMANS AS THE “ MASTER RACE ” – BLOND HAIR, BLUE EYED A RYANS 2. “ NATIONAL EXPANSION ” – LEBENSRAUM - LIVING SPACE FOR THE ENTIRE G ERMAN RACE  T HE G REAT D EPRESSION HELPED HIM COME TO POWER  1932: 6 MILLION G ERMANS WERE OUT OF WORK

12  B OOK WRITTEN BY H ITLER  “M Y S TRUGGLE ”  D IVIDES HUMANS INTO CATEGORIES BASED ON PHYSICAL APPEARANCE.  A T THE TOP, IS THE G ERMANIC MAN WITH HIS FAIR SKIN, BLOND HAIR AND BLUE EYES. (A RYAN = MASTER RACE )  R EFERS TO J EWS AS PARASITES AND MORTAL ENEMIES TO THE A RYAN HUMANITY  A CCUSES J EWS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONSPIRACY TO CONTROL WORLD FINANCES, THE PRESS, AND SPREADING DISHARMONY.

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14  1924: Vladimir Lenin died  Joseph Stalin heads the Communist Party  “Man of Steel”  Made agricultural and industrial state controlled  Abolished all privately owned farms  “Five year Plans”: pushed the USSR to a powerful industrial country  Purged anyone who disagreed (8 -13 million deaths)

15  Led by Benito Mussolini  Affected by the Depression  1919: Mussolini founded the Fascist Party  Pushed nationalism and promised to bring back Roman Empire  Called himself Il Duce – “the leader”  Consolidated government control and the army under his rule  Outlawed political parties, organized youth indoctrination groups and suppressed strikes

16  1920 S : INCREASED DEMOCRACY AND A REDUCTION IN MILITARY POWER  1930 S : GREAT DEPRESSION HIT CIVILIAN LEADERS  T RADITIONAL POWERS AND MILITARY LEADERS WERE ASSERTED  J APAN CONTINUED CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY – EMPEROR HIROHITO  I DEAS MILITARISM, IMPERIALISM, NATIONALISM PUSHED THE JAPAN EMPIRE TO EXPAND  A LSO L IMITED NATURAL RESOURCES & GROWING POPULATION  INVADE MANCHURIA  INVADE CHINA  L EAGUE OF NATIONS DOSE NOTHING!

17  1933: H ITLER PULLS G ERMANY OUT OF L EAGUE  1935: STARTS BUILDING UP MILITARY ( VIOLATES V ERSAILLES )  1935: I TALY ATTACKED AND TAKES CONTROL OF E THIOPIA (A FRICA )  1936: S PANISH REBELLION ( LED BY F RANCISCO F RANCO ) – TOTALITARIAN / FASCISM  G ERMANY AND I TALY HELP

18  M ARCH, 1936 – REMILITARIZES R HINELAND ( AREA B / T R HINE R IVER & F RANCE )  O CTOBER, 1936 – R OME /B ERLIN A XIS SIGNED  I TALY AND G ERMANY  N OV – A NTI -C OMINTERN SIGNED :  I TALY, G ERMANY, J APAN  M ARCH, 1938 – I NVADES A USTRIA  A USTRIA CALLS FOR HELP – A LLIED COUNTRIES STAY N EUTRAL !

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20  O NLY DEMOCRATIC NATION IN CENTRAL E UROPE  C REATED AFTER WWI  M ELTING P OT : 1 M. H UNGARIANS ; ½ M. R UTHENIANS ; 3 M. G ERMANS  S EPT. 12, 1938 – H ITLER DEMANDS G ERMANS OF S UDETENLAND BE GIVEN FREEDOM

21  GB P RIME M INISTER, N EVILLE C HAMBERLAIN, MEETS W /H ITLER TO AVOID CRISIS – 9/15/38  H ITLER DEMANDS S UDETEN ; C HAMBERLAIN APPEASES HIM  A PPEASEMENT : P OLICY OF GIVING AGGRESSOR NATIONS WHAT THEY WANT IN ORDER TO AVOID WAR  H ITLER NOW SAYS HE NEEDS ALL OF C ZECH  C ZECH MOBILIZES FOR WAR

22  S EPT. 29, 1938 – M UNICH C ONFERENCE  M USSOLINI, H ITLER, C HAMBERLAIN, AND F RENCH P REMIER E DUARD D ALADIER  C ZECH NOT EVEN INVITED !  M USSOLINI OFFERS “ COMPROMISE ”  G IVE H ITLER S UDETEN (NW C ZECH ) & HE PROMISES NO MORE AGGRESSION  GB & F RANCE ACCEPT  D O NOT WANT PROBLEMS  C HAMBERLAIN PROCLAIMS HE HAS ENSURED, “P EACE IN OUR TIME.”

23  M ARCH 15, 1939 – G ERMANY TAKES CONTROL OF NW C ZECH (S UDETEN )  O NE WEEK LATER …. HE TAKES ALL OF W. C ZECH  W ESTERN A LLIES MOBILIZE FOR WAR !!


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