Presentation on theme: "Mr. Tran. 2. Explain U.S. and Allied wartime strategy, including the major battles of Midway, Normandy, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, and the Battle of the Bulge."— Presentation transcript:
Each group will be given a battle. Each group will need to figure out a way to present the battle (reenact) it in front of the class.
The Allies planned an attack on the Normandy coast in France. Codename: Operation Overload Commonly referred to as D-Day Two million soldiers were stationed in Great Britain for the attack, as well as thousands of airplanes, ships, and tanks. D-Day began on the June 6,1944, with troops pouring onto the beaches, aircraft dropping bombs from above, and the ships firing ammunition from the sea. By fall 1944, the Allies had defeated the Germans at the coast, pushed inland, and liberated Paris and Belgium.
By December 1944 Hitler’s forces were squeezed between the Soviet Red Army in the east and British and American troops in the west. Hitler launched a surprise offensive to avoid defeat, marching into a weak point in the Allied lines in the Ardennes region in Belgium. Outnumbered American troops held off the Germans for eight days in the bitter cold before reinforcements arrived. The German offensive created a huge bulge in the Allied lines before reinforcements arrived and German troops were pushed back. By March 1945 the Allies able to push into Germany
After the Battle of the Bulge, Allied forced in on Berlin from the east and the west. The Allies met at Yalta to discuss the term of a German surrender. On April 25,1945, the American and British troops at the Elbe River and congratulated one another on a hard-fought victory. Recognizing certain defeat, Hitler committed suicide, and his replacement Karl Donitz surrendered to the Allied forces on May 7,1945. One day after the surrender, the Allied celebrated V-E Day– Victory in Europe Day.
Japans attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in December 1941 launched the Pacific War. The U.S military and political leadership adopted an “ island hopping ” strategy to defeat the Japanese. In April 1942, the U.S Air Force bombed key Japanese cities in the Doolittle Raid.
The key to winning the Pacific War was establishing control over the skies and waters of the expansive Pacific. U.S intelligence decoded a plan to attack the island of Midway, and subsequently forced the Japanese to retreat. The battle of Midway, in June 1942, marked the turning point in the war, giving the United States the upper hand.
Feb – March 1945: American troops fought to take over the island of Iwo Jima. Fighting at Iwo Jima was brutal and continuous, & both sides experienced heavy casualties The American victory at Iwo Jima & Okinawa placed the Americans in a strong position to launch air attacks on Japan.
After the Americans captured Iwo Jima & Okinawa, the U.S. Air Force bombed Japan relentlessly U.S. Navy established a successful blockade of Japan, cutting off Japanese supply lines. August 6 & Aug 9: 2 separate bombs were dropped on the cities of Hiroshima & Nagasaki Over 170,000 people were killed in the bombing, & the Japanese surrendered on August 14, 1945
Draw three physical representations of your favorite battles on worksheet (Back instagram pictures).