Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

 German Blitzkreig  Overran Western Poland in one month  One million men  Armored and motorized divisions supported by massive air power ( Lutwaffe.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: " German Blitzkreig  Overran Western Poland in one month  One million men  Armored and motorized divisions supported by massive air power ( Lutwaffe."— Presentation transcript:

1

2

3  German Blitzkreig  Overran Western Poland in one month  One million men  Armored and motorized divisions supported by massive air power ( Lutwaffe )  Soviet Occupation of Poland  Began 2 weeks after German invasion  Soviets established military bases in independent countries of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania  Finland resisted Soviets and Soviets attacked (Winter War)  Resistance effective at first, but Finns are defeated in March of 1940  Cede some territory, but not their independence

4  The “phony war”  No action in winter of 1939  British had few troops, French were behind the Maginot Line (series of forts along French-German border)  Germans attacked Norway and Denmark on April 9, 1940  Denmark quickly overrun  Norwegian army surrenders on June 10 th  On May 10 th, the Germans struck at the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France

5  The Fall of France  Allies expected German advance to be through Belgium  Germans instead went through Luxembourg and Ardennes forest, long thought to be impassable to tanks

6  The Fall of France  Germans drove deep into Northern France and raced towards the English Channel, cutting off Allied armies in Belgium  Dutch, Belgian and a large portion of the French army surrender  British fell back upon Dunkirk

7  The Fall of France  330,000 Allied troops evacuated from Dunkirk to GB May 27 th to June 4 th 1940  Germans drove South and occupied Paris on June 13th

8  Vichy France  Germans occupied the Northern two-thirds of the country  Southern third became a fascist dictatorship under Marshal Petain  Collaborated with Nazis by providing slave labor and identifying French Jews

9  Britain remained alone against Hitler in 1940  Churchill replaced Chamberlain in May  American “neutrality”  The U.S. was divided into two camps: isolationist and interventionist  Roosevelt was a definite interventionist  “The Great Arsenal of Democracy”  In June, 1940, U.S. sent small initial arms shipment to GB  A few months later, U.S. sent 50 destroyers in return for right to maintain American bases on British territory  In 1941, Lend-Lease is adopted  During this time, U.S. introduced conscription

10  Air War over Britain  German victories so quick that Nazis had no plan for invasion of GB  Hitler hoped that GB would sue for peace, or become an ally  Germans began bombing Britain in summer of 1940 and climaxed in autumn  Germans needed control of the skies to land an invasion force

11  British RAF (Royal Air Force) held off the Nazi air force (Lutwaffe)  Used new radar devices to detect Germans  Tens of thousands of people killed  Hitler called off attacks in late October to concentrate on invasion of Russia

12  Russians subjugated the Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia) and seemed intent on driving south towards the Balkans.  Hitler takes the Balkans  Germans checked Russian advance by:  Convincing Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary to join the Axis (becoming lesser partners and occupied by German troops)  Serbia was occupied b/c it resisted, but Croatia became collaborationist  Greece was subjugated too

13  The Nazi Invasion of Russia  After securing the Balkans against Russia expansion, on June 22, 1941, Germany invaded the U.S.S.R.  German army consisted of 3 million soldiers along a 2,000-mile front  By autumn, Germans controlled most of Ukraine and began murder of Jews and Bolshevik gov’t. officials  Leningrad in the North was under siege, Crimean peninsula in the South was occupied and the Nazis were 25 miles from Moscow

14

15  The Nazi Invasion of Russia  Stalin recovered from the initial shock, fired some of his commanders and rallied the troops to the defense of the Russian motherland  Germans were overextended and bitterly cold winter set in early  Red Army counteroffensive in winter of 1941 saved Moscow

16  The Nazi Invasion of Russia  Disgusted Hitler decided to take over command of the military himself  Focused on the Southern front to gain control of Caucasus oil fields  Within this push, the city of Stalingrad was besieged  Hitler, realizing that the war would not be quickly won decided to put German economy on a more permanent war footing  Hires Albert Speer, as head of armaments and he quickly triples armaments production

17  The Desert Campaigns  Started in 1940 w/Italian invasion from Libya into Egypt  Control of Mediterranean/Suez Canal at stake  British counterattack swept Italy out of Egypt, Libya and Ethiopia by early 1941  In spring of 1941, German elite force (Afrikacorps) under General Rommel attacked in Libya and drove British back to Egypt

18  The Desert Campaigns  British again pushed back to Libya  By mid-1942, Rommel had pushed back the British and penetrated Egypt  British took a stand at El Alamein w/backs to the Suez  Real concern that Nazis would close Middle East in a vise.

19  Japan and the Pacific  In 1941, Japan had been at war w/China for ten years  In 1940, allied themselves to Germany and Italy  In 1941, signed neutrality treaty w/the Soviets  U.S. placed embargo on export of scrap iron and steel to Japan  Tojo, the Japanese PM declared that GB and US influence in Asia was to be eliminated  December 7, 1941, Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the Philippines, Guam and Malaya

20  Japan and the Pacific  Japanese captured Singapore, and the Philippines by  Captured New Guinea, thus threatening Australia  Threatened India  To many Asians, Japanese anti-imperialist, pan-Asia rhetoric was welcome  Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere  The Year of Dismay  By autumn 1942, Germans at Caucasus, and almost at Nile, u-boats were sinking Allied ships at a disastrous rate  Worst period of war, yet no unified Japanese-German strategy


Download ppt " German Blitzkreig  Overran Western Poland in one month  One million men  Armored and motorized divisions supported by massive air power ( Lutwaffe."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google