2Warm-Up: Pick up WWII Packet + Assignment Page ScheduleWarm-UpFinish Cinderella Man EssayDiscuss Outline of WWII unitSection 1 reading + questionsAssignment Section 1 QuestionsClosure How did the world begin to go down the road to another world war?
3League of Nations Section: “We are only a small race; but…I know, as you know, that if mankind lets its armies and gas destroy my country and people, civilization will be destroyed as well…why do not all do something to drive off this common danger…this agony, this death…soon to be spread fatally to your homes…we shall die.” Princess Tashai (of Abyssinia)Great Depression Section:UnemploymentYear1,320,00019293,000,00019305,102,0001932Votes for NazisYear810,00019286,409,000193013,779,0001932
4Warm-Up: On board, find specified group + questions ScheduleWarm-UpCauses of WWII (pgs. 1-5) group workWhole class review of WWII causesAssignment: Section 1 QuestionsClosure If Hitler never existed, WWII would never have happened?
5Warm-Up: Answer question on page 6 ScheduleWarm-UpOSS Operatives: Italy, Germany, USSR & JapanIn groups create report for President FDRWhole class review of dictatorsAssignment: NONEClosure What are the circumstances for the rise of dictators?
6Warm-Up: Answer questions on page 25-26 ScheduleWarm-UpPPT Road to Armageddon + AppeasementPrimary Source Analysis Quotes, Maps, Political CartoonsAustria Munich Nazi-Soviet PactAssignment: NONEClosure What events led to the outbreak of WWII?
7The Road to ArmageddonIn the 1930s, dictators in Europe/Japan seized territory and threatened all who opposed themLittle was done to stop themItaly, Germany, Japan all wanted more land1936, Hitler & Mussolini formed alliance – Rome-Berlin AxisJapan joined 1940 (Rome-Berlin- Tokyo Axis)
8Appeasement ReasonsGreat Depression kept them too occupied w/ their own problemsIf had to fight Hitler & Mussolini, needed Stalin’s help—didn’t trust himCommunist country (threat to democracy + capitalism)The huge cost of WWI (money & lives) made many feel that war was pointlessWestern leaders mistakenly believed Hitler did NOT want warDisarmament policies after WWI left Britain and France militarily behind Germany
9Warm-Up: Answer question on page 31 ScheduleWarm-UpPPT WWII Begins, West Success, Allies Refuse Surrender & Operation BarbarossaApocalypse WWII (clips which highlight strategy, battles)Assignment: NONEClosure How did the world change from ? List 5-6 things.
10WWII BeginsGermany invaded Poland September 1, 1939 (helped by Nazi-Soviet Pact)2 days later, Britain & France declared war on Germany WWIIGerman army surprised world by destroying Poland in less than a monthUsing new warfare – blitzkrieg (lightning war)Used speed & surprise w/ tanks, troops, planes
11Success in the WestApril 1940, Hitler conquered Denmark & Norway and planned the blitz of the westPlans changed due to plane crash in BelgiumPlane carried battle strategies Still France/Britain did nothing
12Tactical Change Instead of attacking northern France, Germans sent bulk of forces through Ardennes Forest—rocky terrain + bad for tanksFrance never thought Germany would send tanks hereWorked too well—tanks rolling fast and outran own troopsHitler gets nervous (afraid for troops) tells tanks to pauseGives Allied forces ability to escape at Dunkirk to England (Miracle at Dunkirk)
14After Dunkirk, France surrendered in under 4 weeks Germany gets 3/5 FranceSouthern France (Vichy) remain under French control BUT collaborate with GermansIn London, French freedom-fighter, Charles de Gaulle push for continued resistance
15Allies Refuse to Surrender Now only Britain stood in Hitler’s wayTo invade Britain, Hitler needs to destroy Royal Air Force (RAF)Summer & Fall 1940 RAF fought German Air Force— Luftwaffe—in Battle of BritainDespite constant bombing, Britain refused to give in1941, Congress approve Lend- Lease Act—US would lend/lease resources + equipment to Allies
16Operation BarbarossaBy 1941, Hitler controlled most of Europe (except Britain + Soviet Union)Hitler worried that Stalin was going to invade Nazi Germany (even with treaty)Hitler’s main goal—elimination of the Soviet Union (clip )
17June 22, 1941 Hitler launched Operation Barbarossa—invasion of Soviet Union By Fall, German troops deep into Soviet territoryClip ( —why scorched earth policy?)
18As Soviets fall back, they follow Stalin’s orders called scorched- earth policy—burn everything left behindIn August, Hitler had major decision to make:Take Moscow—capital city + transportation center + armamentFocus North (Leningrad—armaments) + South (wheat + oil)Center Army—most successful + largest enemy defensesNeed food + oil for armed forcesWhat decision would you make? Take Moscow or Leningrad/South? Explain why.(Clip )
19By December, tired troops, snow + Russian resistance stop German advance (18 miles from Moscow) (Clip 42-49)Germany’s inability to defeat Soviet Union in German armies no longer invincible = hope
20Warm-Up: Pearl Harbor Comparison pgs. 32-33 ScheduleWarm-UpPPT Pearl Harbor + Home-frontAssignment Page 2Assignment: Assignment Page 2Closure How did the US, domestically, change in 1941?
21European War turns into World War 1940 Japan joined Axis Alliance (Germany + Italy)Even with Lend-Lease Act, US follow isolationist policyNeutrality Acts—limit the sale of weapons to warring countries1941 Hideki Tojo took over and made Japan more warlikeTook over Southeast Asian islands (oil)In response, US stop selling Japan equipment + oilUS Navy in Hawaii—Pearl Harbor— stands in the way of further Japanese conquest
22Dec 7, 1941 Japanese airplanes attacked Pearl Harbor ‘Day which will live in infamy’Not hugely successful for Japanese no aircraft carriers + submarines sunkUS declares war on Japan Germany declares war on USBy end of 1941Axis (Germany, Italy, Japan) vs. Allies (Britain, US, French resistance, USSR)
23Home-Front: War Support During WWII, govt. set up War Production Board (WPB) to organize production of military equipment & suppliesUS produce 60% Allied ammoBy 1945 300,000 planes + 75,000 shipsFactories needed many workers to produce these suppliesThese jobs helped end Great Depression
25As armed forces needed more goods, Americans at home lost goods For example, American car companies did not make any carsMeat, tires, shoes, gasoline, sugar were also short in supplySo govt. used system of rationing – families get fixed amount of certain goods (so enough for all Americans)War was expensiveTo help pay, govt. raised income taxes & sold war bonds – loans govt. promised to repay w/ interestAmericans bought enough to raise billions for war
26Opportunities & Tensions for Minorities War created jobs for minoritiesMore than million African Americans worked in war industryMany moved to North & West for these jobsRacism increased in these areas, howeverWHY??
27A. Philip Randolph – black labor leader – worked to gain blacks equal rights He threatened to lead march through Washington, D.C.To stop them, FDR issued Executive Order – outlawed discrimination in defense industries
28Native Americans + Hispanics worked in war factories This included Mexican workers called braceros (farm laborers)Minorities (Hispanics + Blacks + Native Americans) also served in armed forcesAbout million blacks served in military segregatedOne unit – Tuskegee Airmen – black pilots who served w/ honor in North Africa & Europe
29Women OpportunitiesWith so many men fighting overseas, women needed to fill jobs1945, 19 million women worked in USWorked in munitions factories, shipyards, & officesMost of country supported “Rosie the Riveter” – image of strong woman at workOver 300,000 women served in armed forcesMany were mechanics, drivers, clerks and nurses
30Warm-Up: Note-Packet pg. 35 ScheduleWarm-UpLos Angeles Times QuotePPT Internment, Korematsu v. USKenjiPictorial AnalysisAssignment: Assignment Page 2Closure During war time, can there ever be justification for limiting basic rights? Why or why not?
31Internment of Japanese-Americans During war, Americans treated German & Italian Americans badlyBut after Pearl Harbor, Japanese- Americans were treated worseThe attack on Pearl Harbor shocked the American public, resulting in widespread hysteria and paranoia.
32Anti-Japanese feelings swept across America after Pearl Harbor FDR signed Executive Order 9066 –– allowed removal of Japanese & Japanese-Americans from west coastMore than 110,000 Japanese-Americans were rounded up
33The Camps: Name State Opened Max. Pop Manzanar California March 1942 10,046Tule LakeMay 194218,789PostonArizona17,814Gila RiverJuly 194213,348GranadaColoradoAugust 19427,318Heart MountainWyoming10,767MinidokaIdaho9,397TopazUtahSeptember 19428,130RohwerArkansas8,475JeromeOctober 19428,497
34Korematsu v. US 1944Of all the Japanese removed, about 2/3 were Nisei– Japanese-Americans born in USFred Korematsu refused to leave home – arrested1944, Korematsu appealed to Supreme Court – argued Executive Order 9066 was unconstitutionalSupreme Court disagreed = war time
35Warm-Up: Note-Packet pgs 39-40 ScheduleWarm-UpWork in small groups and complete review questionsClass reviewAssignment: Study for Quiz (Sections 1 + 2)Closure How did WWII get started? How did WWII impact the US?
36Warm-Up: QUIZ Schedule Assignment: Assignment Page 4 When finished, complete Assignment page 4Assignment: Assignment Page 4Closure How did WWII get started? How did WWII impact the US?
37Warm-Up: Note-Packet pg. 41 ScheduleWarm-UpPPT Turn of the Tide battlesApocalypse WWII clipsSection 3 Assignment PacketAssignment: Page 3Closure How did Germany’s war position change by 1944?
38A Turn of the Tide: Africa Allies started to plan to invade EuropeBut Churchill (Prime Minister of Britain) thought Allies were unprepared for that attackHe convinced Allies to kick Germans out of North Africa firstThen Allies could invade Europe through Italy
39Since 1940, Britain had been fighting Axis for control of North Africa (Egypt) British wanted Egypt b/c gave them access to Suez Canal – shortest route to Asia & Middle East oilBritish in Africa faced tough opponent – General Erwin Rommel (“The Desert Fox”) and his Afrika KorpsJune 1942, Afrika Korps pushed British to El Alamein (200 miles from Suez)If successful Germany could obtain oil from the Middle East and join up with other German troops in Southern Russia
40British stopped Germans at El Alamein & forced them to retreat Allied troops under General Dwight D. Eisenhower landed in N. Africa November 1942Allies eventually pushed Rommel back & forced surrender (Rommel ran out of gas)
41A Turn of the Tide: Italy Allies invasion of Sicily (island in Mediterranean Sea) July 1943 made possible due to successes in North AfricaFrom Sicily, invade Southern ItalyBy this time, Italians had turned on Mussolini (imprisoned him)Although Mussolini escaped (Hitler freed him), new Italian govt. surrendered Sept. 1943Hitler had to send troops to protect Allies from invaded Germany— troops badly needed in Russia
42A Turn of the Tide: Soviet Union For 3 years, Hitler armies won battle after battleHowever, the German war on Soviet Union ended in disaster (clips )
43Sept. 1942, Germans attacked Stalingrad – important industrial city Soviet army fiercely defended cityAs winter came, German commander asked to retreat – Hitler refusedSoviet troops counterattacked during winterTrapped Germans & cut off their food & suppliesFeb. 1943, German troops surrenderedBoth sides had suffered huge casualtiesGermany’s defeat in Stalingrad was turning point of WWIIFrom then on, Soviet troops pushed Germans back toward Germany
44A Turn of the Tide: D-Day Hitler soon had problems in west as wellJune 1944, Allies’ plan to invade France began – Operation OverlordInvasion commanded by EisenhowerMidnight, June 6, Allied paratroopers landed behind German lines in NormandyEarly morning, 150,000 American troops landed on beaches of NormandyThis assault became known as D-Day (largest land-sea operation in military history)Although Germans were surprised, over 10,000 Allied casualtiesBut the Allies won control of beaches Begin advance towards Germany
45Warm-Up: Note-Packet pg. 43 ScheduleWarm-UpPPT Collapse of GermanyThe Path to GenocideNuremberg LawsKristallnachtSt. Louis VoyageAssignment: NONEClosure How did Germany put itself on the path to Genocide?
46Planning the Postwar World Feb. 1945, Allies met at Yalta Conference – Roosevelt, Churchill, StalinThey made plans for end of war & future of EuropeStalin promised to fight Japan after Germany surrenderedAlso agreed to start postwar international peacekeeping organization (UN)They also talked about what types of govt. would run Europe after warApril 1945, just after winning 4th term as president, FDR diedVice-President Harry S. Truman took over the war effort
47Germany Surrenders!! April 1945, Russians reached Berlin Inside his bunker, Adolf Hitler knew war was overApril 30, 1945, Hitler & Eva Braun committed suicide (after wedding) rather than face defeat & captureMany high-ranking Nazis also committed suicide (Josef Goebbels, Hermann Goering, Heinrich Himmler)Days later, Soviets controlled BerlinMay 7, 1945, Germans gave Allies their unconditional surrenderMay 8, 1945—VE-DAY (Victory in Europe)—war in Europe was over!
48After Germany surrenders, Allied forces found a terrible scene in Germany….
49Why would someone teach these things to children? Not just for adults…Aryan superiority was preached from a young ageHitler Youth = train in Nazi doctineWhy would someone teach these things to children?Now, for a few examples….
50Coloring Book Page For the Kiddies… The caption at the bottom of the page asks “Do you know him?” In the upper lefthand corner is the der Sturmer logo featuring a Star of David superimposed over a caricature of a Jewish face. The caption under the star states that “without a solution to the Jewish question, there will be no salvation for mankind.”
51For the Kiddies…But the Germans — they stand foursquare. Look, children, and the two compare, The German and the Jew. Take a good look at the two In the picture drawn for you. A joke — you think it is only that? Easy to guess which is which, I say: The German stands up, the Jew gives way. The German is a proud young man, Able to work and able to fight. Because he is a fine big chap, For danger does not care a rap, The Jew has always hated him! Here is the Jew, as all can see, Biggest ruffian in our country; He thinks himself the greatest beau And yet is the ugliest, you know!
52The Father of the Jews is the Devil At the creation of the world The Lord God conceived the races: Red Indians, Negroes, and Chinese, And Jew, too, the rotten crew. And we were also on the scene: We Germans midst this motley medley- He gave them all a piece of earth To work with the sweat of their brow. But the Jew went on strike at once! For the devil rode him from the first. Cheating, not working, was his aim; For lying, he got first prize In less than no time from the Father of Lies.Pharaoh saw this folk, and said: “I’ll torment the lazy blighters, These people shall make bricks for me.” The Jew did this all wailing and whining, Never was there such cursing and swearing, With bent backs and over-big slippers. Even today we see them shambling With lip hanging down and great red noses And looking daggers, flashing hate. They owe Pharaoh thanks, Who trounced them soundly for their pranks. The Jews soon had enough of that! The Devil brought them to Germany. Like thieves they stole into our land Hoping to get the upper hand.
53Excerpt from a Booklet Given to 14 Year Old Germans in School You now know how to select your spouse, and understand the meaning of the following principles from the Reich Office for People’s Health:Remember that you are a German.Do not fail to marry if you are genetically healthy.Keep your body pure.Keep your mind and soul clean.As a German, take a spouse only of the same or of Nordic blood.In choosing a spouse, ask about his or her ancestry.Health is the prerequisite for outward beauty.Marry only out of love.Do not seek a plaything, but rather a companion for marriage.You should want as many children as possible.
552. “Why didn't they all leave?” When a student asks this question, frequently they are wondering about German Jews before the start of After this is clarified, discuss what is involved in leaving one's homeland as well as what sacrifices must be made. Remind students that German Jews were in most cases patriotic citizens. Over 10,000 died fighting for Germany in World War I, and countless others were wounded and received medals for their valor and service. Jews, whether in the lower, middle, or upper classes, had lived in Germany for centuries and were well assimilated in the early twentieth century. It is important to share with students that the oppressive measures targeting Jews in the pre-war period were passed and enforced gradually. Also, these types of pre-war measures and laws had been experienced throughout the history of the Jewish people in earlier periods and in other countries as well. No one at the time could foresee or predict killing squads and killing centers. Student may assume that German Jews knew what was coming and therefore should have fled immediately. It is also helpful to pose a question to the students, considering the gradual nature of the process and the unknown events ahead. “What event or action (without the '20-20 hindsight' that we have) should have convinced the Jews to flee?” Once the difficult decision is made to try to leave the country, a prospective emigrant must find a country willing to admit them and their family. This was very difficult, considering world immigration policies, as demonstrated by the results of the Evian Conference of If a safe haven could be found, what was needed to get there? Please open the two documents and consider how to illustrate this difficult dilemma (trying to leave Germany). The answer to this seemingly simple question becomes very complicated!
56Warm-Up: Note-Packet pg. 46 ScheduleWarm-UpPPT HolocaustNight by Elie WieselBand of BrothersAssignment: NONEClosure Describe the experiences of concentration camp life.
57The HolocaustHitler viewed Aryans as the “master race,” destined to rule the world.To make his empire (the Third Reich) “pure,” Hitler planned to eliminate JewsBut first how to do it— “Jewish Question”1941, Hitler decided on “Final Solution” to this question – exterminate Jews in EuropeThis act of genocide—systematic and planned extermination of an entire national, racial, political, or ethnic group—now known as the HolocaustMan responsible – Heinrich Himmler (leader of the SS—military arm of Nazi Party)Built 15,000 camps
58Types of campsconcentration camps-where prisoners were forced to perform slave laborextermination camps-where Jews and others were sent for executionWhat groups of people were sent to these camps?Jews, Poles, Gypsies, Communists, Homosexuals, POW’s, Handicapped, Catholics & Socially Undesirables (homeless)These groups rounded up by SS and sent to camps
60Upon Arrival When they arrived at camps: stripped of clothing and possessionsheads shaveddisinfected (for lice) & showersstriped uniformsidentification number (tattooed “117564”)Extermination camps were different
61Selection – off train and get in right line to work or left to gas chamber All done to dehumanize prisoners, so easier for guards to imprison them
62Typical Day Taken from barracks (300-800 people lived) Slept in bunk beds (3 or 4 in each bed)Started at or before dawn (roll call)Breakfast—small piece of stale bread and a bowl of “soup” or “coffee” once dailyWorked hours in mines, factories, or building roadsAll this while guards beat & taunted them, doctors tortured themElectrified barbwire, watchtowers, spotlightsIf anyone resisted or tried to escape, whole camp punished
64Horrors RevealedMost notorious camp—Auschwitz (concentration & extermination together)Most people sent to death camps were killedAt first, Nazis buried victims in huge gravesEventually, they cremated bodies in huge ovens (crematoria)Exact number of dead unknown:Approximately 6 million Jews, 15 million people overallEinsatzgruppenBand of Brothers
65Warm-Up: Note-Packet pg. 48 ScheduleWarm-UpBoy in the Striped PajamasMovie Clips + QuestionsAssignment: NONEClosure Describe the experiences of concentration camp life.
66Warm-Up: Note-Packet pg. 49 ScheduleWarm-UpPPT War in the PacificHBO The PacificAssignment: NONEClosure How was the war in the Pacific different from the theatres of war in Europe/Africa? List 3-4 things.
67War in the PacificJapan’s empire threatened American possessions in PacificWhen US entered war, had to fight on multiple fronts (Europe, Africa, Pacific)By December 1941, Japan controlled Hong Kong, Thailand, Guam, Wake Island
68Invaded US controlled Philippines 1941 American troops (led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur) held Japanese off for monthsUS feared Japan would then hit AustraliaFDR ordered MacArthur to move to AustraliaAfter MacArthur left, Japan attacked BataanUS troops surrendered & forced on Bataan Death March70,000 prisoners forced to march 60 miles (many died on way)
69Turn of the Pacific Theater of War The US stopped the Japanese advance in a variety of ways:Spring 1942 Allies started bombing Japanese cities (especially Tokyo)US (with navy and air force) blocked Japan’s path to AustraliaBattle of Midway —US & Japanese navies foughtUS destroyed 4 Japanese carriers & 250 planesJapan destroyed 1 carrier & 150 planesMidway set stage for US forces to free areas from Japan’s control (turning point)Island Hopping Americans invaded islands not heavily defended by Japan use as bases to attack other islands (get closer to mainland Japan)
71Pacific Progress 1942—Won first land victory at Guadalcanal Navajo Indians played big part in this victoryTo keep Japan from breaking American codes, US used Navajo language to carry messages (Code Talkers)—reconquered Philippines and severely crippled Japanese navyLed by General MacArthur
72US need bases closer to Japanese mainland Now, Japan started to use new weapon more – kamikaze – suicide pilots crash into shipsUS need bases closer to Japanese mainlandSuccessfully invade Iwo Jima & OkinawaBloody contest (18,000 US marines + 120,000 Japanese)Fighting style of Japanese began to affect strategy: land-invasion v. atomic bomb
73Atomic Weapons end the War Summer 1945, Japan continue losing battleUS military fear tremendous loses— 200,000- 1,000,000 casualties
741942, US set up Manhattan Project – secret program to build atomic bomb American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer made bombJuly 16, 1945, 1st atomic bomb successfully tested in New MexicoPresident Harry Truman (FDR’s former VP) warned Japan if they didn’t surrender, they faced destruction Japan refused
75August 6, 1945, B-29 bomber—Enola Gay— dropped bomb on Hiroshima (industrial center with large civilian population)Bomb flattened 42 sq. miles, killed 80,000 instantly1000s more soon died from radiation
77Japanese refused to surrender August 9, 1945, US dropped another bomb, this time on Nagasaki (killed 40,000)Same day, Soviet Union declared war on Japan & invaded ManchuriaLate August, Allies received formal unconditional surrender of JapanSeptember 2, 1945, WWII was over!
78Warm-Up: Note-Packet pg. 50 ScheduleWarm-UpPPT Legacy of WWIIAssignment Packet pg. 5Assignment: Page 5Closure What was the legacy of WWII (2-3 things)? How did the US/World change (3-4 things)?
79 Legacy of WWII: Devastation WWII was most destructive war in world historyCities all over world destroyed & millions deadOver 55 million people died because of WWIISoviet Union—10 million soldiers, 10 million civiliansGermany—4.5 million soldiers, 2 million civiliansUnited States—400,000 soldiers, 0 civiliansWar created millions of refugees:Orphans, POWs, concentration camp survivors, & civilians21 million refugees tried to rebuild lives after war
80Economic Winners & Losers Many of world’s economies ruined after warOnly US – where no major battles fought – ended war w/ strong economyBoom in industry pulled US out of DepressionAfter war, economy kept growingUS occupied Japan several years after warHelped Japan’s economy recover1948, Congress approved George C. Marshall’s plan to improve European economiesMarshall Plan – US gave $13 billion to help Europe
82Legacy of WWII: Attempts at World Peace After war, leaders tried to ensure such terrible war would never happen againJuly 1945, Allies held Potsdam Conference to plan war’s endDecided to put German war criminals on trial at Nuremberg TrialsAllies tried 24 top Nazi officials for crimes against peace, war crimes, & crimes against humanity12 sentenced to death (11 hanged, 1 suicide), 3 sentence to life in prison, 4 sentences to years in prison & 3 were acquittedOther lesser Nazi leaders tried & hanged throughout Europe as well
83WWII demonstrated weakness of League of Nations Weak b/c US refused to join – did not want to get involved in world affairsToward end of WWII, FDR warned Americans not to turn backs on world againApril 1945, 50 nations created new international peace organization – United Nations
84Change in US & the World The war radically changed world Economies ruined, millions dead, social changeIn addition, war helped spread communism – which US would fight in coming yearsMillions of veterans returned home, competing for jobs & educationGovt. passed G.I. Bill of Rights – paid for soldiers’ schooling & gave them living allowanceReturning soldiers also needed housingUnfortunately, many forced to live in crowded slums or country shacksAmerica had changed during warHundreds of thousands of blacks left South for Northern citiesHere, they lived in ghettos & faced prejudice
85Tension increased b/t countries after war UN created nation of Israel 1948 (in response to Holocaust)Became homeland for Jews in PalestineMany Arabs not happyIsraeli-Palestinian fighting continues to this dayUS worried about rise of Soviet UnionSoviets left WWII as a great powerAfter war, Stalin forced occupied countries to live under Communist govts.Stalin also tried to spread Communism throughout worldUS would try to stop himFinally, end of WWII started atomic ageAtomic bombs increase tensions between US & Soviet Union
87Warm-Up: Note-Packet pg. 52 ScheduleWarm-UpNazi War Criminals & ExperimentsAssignment: Page 5Closure Should people be responsible for their actions during wartime?
88Josef MengeleIrma GreseKlaus BarbieIlse KochAribert Heim
89Warm-Up: Note-Packet pg. 58 ScheduleWarm-Up Read the two-sided argumentDebate TopicsThe Atomic BombInternment—can it happen again? Should it?Continue to prosecute Nazi criminalsAssignment: Page 5Closure Was dropping the bomb justified?
90Michael SeifertFormer Nazi prison guardKnown as ‘The Beast of Bolzano’ and was convicted in for the murder and torture of at least 11 people at a prison transit camp in ItalyWitnesses claimed he starved prisoners, raped women, gouged prisoner’s eyes out.Seifert acknowledged being a guard at Bolzano during WWII but denied murder/tortureExtradited from Canada to serve a life sentence in Italy (he’d been living in Canada since 1951)Died in hospital after falling in prison
91Warm-Up: Grab DBQ from cart ScheduleWarm-UpWWII DBQHow did WWII get started?What was better—appeasement or collective security?Assignment: Study for TestClosure See DBQ Questions
92Warm-Up: Grab Review packet from front cart ScheduleWarm-UpSmall group review of WWII topicsClass discussionAssignment: Study for TestClosure What do we know about WWII?
93Warm-Up: Grab scantron from front cart ScheduleWarm-UpWWII TEST (whole period)Assignment: NONEClosure What do we know about WWII?