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Rebuilding Japan SS7H3C EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE REBUILDING OF JAPAN AFTER WWII.

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Presentation on theme: "Rebuilding Japan SS7H3C EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE REBUILDING OF JAPAN AFTER WWII."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rebuilding Japan SS7H3C EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE REBUILDING OF JAPAN AFTER WWII

2 Background Information  Japan did not like European influence in the region and wanted them to know that a “new era” had begun  Japan had almost no natural resources and needed them to survive and prosper  Emperor was a Shinto god  Shintoism was considered superior to other philosophies or religions of the world.

3 Shintoism in Japan Shinto became the state religion of Japan A deity of Shinto was created in the Emperor of Japan Military began seeing the Emperor as a god Shintoism and emperor worship was incorporated into the schools, and encouraged to be a part of everyday life They thought that the Emperor was a deity helped to promote the growth of the Japanese empire This belief played a major role in Japan’s efforts in WWII.

4 Background Information  Japan begins to attack countries in East Asia  Including China (Manchuria)  Invades Other East Asian countries:  Thailand  Philippines  Guam  Burma (Myanmar)  Borneo  Hong Kong  Manila

5 World War II  Limited to the European Theatre until Pearl Harbor  Allies: U.S., France, U.K., Soviet Union  Axis: Germany, Italy, Japan

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7 World War II  Japan declares war on the U.S. by bombing the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, America then declares war on Japan and enters WWII.

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11 World War II  Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and the Pacific Rim War began  Japan would not surrender and fought to the death  Kamikaze pilots became a standard for the Japanese military

12 The Bombing of Japan  Japan extremely weak after repeated battles, but continues fighting  Attack on the USS Indianapolis by Japan (881 men died) was the deciding factor for US to use the Atomic Bomb  US decides to end the war  The U.S. drops atomic bombs on Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ending WWII  August 6, 1945 Hiroshima, Japan was bombed  August 9, 1945 Nagasaki, Japan was bombed

13 The Enola Gay was the B29 Bomber that dropped the first Atomic Bomb.

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15 Hiroshima Nagasaki

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17 Video clip: Japan surrenders Japan Surrenders  The Japanese surrendered in September of  Their country had been reduced to rubble.  Industries and farms were destroyed.  The government was in shambles and the people were demoralized.  The Emperor had been exposed as an ordinary mortal rather than the god the Japanese people had believed him to be.

18 The U.S. Occupation of Japan  After WWII, Japan was placed under international control of the Allies.  General Douglas MacArthur, the American commander of the occupied forces, was given the job of putting Japan back on its feet.  He was expected to create a Japan that would guarantee it would not pose a military threat to other countries in the future.  MacArthur wanted Japan to have a democratic government, but he also appreciated the important place the Japanese emperor occupied in the Japanese culture.

19 Why did the U.S. help rebuild Japan?  Stop the spread of communism throughout Asia  Promote democracy in the region by reforming Japan’s monarchy into a constitutional monarchy  Improve Japan’s economy in order to trade with Japan and sell US products to Japan’s market

20 The U.S. Occupation of Japan  MacArthur helps rebuild Japan and focuses on three areas:  Social  Political  Economic

21 How did the U.S. help rebuild Japan?  Social Reforms:  Changed Schools  Rebuilt homes  Provided Supplies  Citizens had to turn in weapons  Outlawed Martial Arts  English as a second language

22  Political Reforms:  Government is no longer based on Shintoism  Japan becomes a constitutional Monarchy  Parliamentary democracy  Emperor is now a ceremonial leader  Can no longer declare war  No military  Everyone can vote How did the U.S. help rebuild Japan?

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24  Economic Reforms:  Changed economy from command to mixed/market  Improve infrastructure  Provided loans  Rebuilt factories  Invest in human and capital resources

25 In Summary… Reforms POLITICAL New Constitution Constitutional Monarchy Emperor Stripped of Power Women’s Suffrage ECONOMIC Improve Infrastructure Market Economy Invest in Human and Capital Resources SOCIAL English as 2nd language Japan adopts US culture

26 The End of U.S. Occupation  US ends their occupation of Japan in  Japan is granted membership into the United Nations in 1957.

27 Japan Today  U. S. financial support, along with the Japanese values of hard work lead to a period of great economic growth for Japan. The Tokyo Labor College was one of the many institutions created after the war in order to promote more equitable economic development than had existed before

28 Japan represented a new market for American goods and services. This helped improve both country’s economies.

29 Japan Today  Today, Japan has one of the most powerful industrialized economies in the world.  Like the U.S., Japan encourages a market economy which motivates people to develop new ideas and expand businesses.

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32 Let’s Review! 1. What U.S. General was put in charge of rebuilding Japan after WWII? 2. What role did the U.S. play in rebuilding Japan after World War II? a. Helped Japan re-establish their emperor as leader with absolute power. b. Helped rebuild Japan’s army. c. Required Japan to pay war damages. d. Developed a plan to help Japan’s economy recover and re-wrote their constitution. 3. What type of government did the U.S. set up in Japan following WWII?

33 Let’s Review! 4. What type of role did the emperor of Japan have in the new government? 5. What new changes were written into Japan’s new constitution? a. Only men were allowed to vote. b. The emperor was no longer part of the government. c. Japan was not allowed to declare war on another country. d. Japan must maintain a strong military.

34 From Dust to Dominance Look at your performance task, the Rebuilding of Japan ‘Dust to Dominance’ timeline and story and collaborate with a partner and try to tell the story in your own words in chronological order.

35 EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE REBUILDING OF JAPAN AFTER WORLD WAR II Japan declares war on the U.S. by bombing the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. America then declares war on Japan and enters WWII. Japan is granted membership into the United Nations five years after a seven year U.S. occupation. Political, economic, and social reforms were introduced, such as a freely elected Japanese Diet (legislature) and universal adult suffrage (voting rights). Japan establishes a constitutional monarchy. U. S. financial support, along with the Japanese values of hard work lead to a period of great economic growth for Japan. The U.S. drops atomic bombs on Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ending WWII. Today Japan has one of the most powerful industrialized economies in the world. Like the U.S., Japan encourages a market economy which motivates people to develop new ideas and expand businesses. After WWII, Japan was placed under international control of the Allies through the Supreme Commander, General Douglas MacArthur


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