Presentation on theme: "Rebuilding Japan SS7H3c Explain the role of the United States in the rebuilding of Japan after WWII."— Presentation transcript:
1Rebuilding JapanSS7H3cExplain the role of the United States in the rebuilding of Japan after WWII
2Background Information Japan did not like European influence in the region and wanted them to know that a “new era” had begunJapan had almost no natural resources and needed them to survive and prosperEmperor was a Shinto godShintoism was considered superior to other philosophies or religions of the world.
3Shintoism in Japan Shinto became the state religion of Japan A deity of Shinto was created in the Emperor of JapanMilitary began seeing the Emperor as a godShintoism and emperor worship was incorporated into the schools, and encouraged to be a part of everyday lifeThey thought that the Emperor was a deity helped to promote the growth of the Japanese empireThis belief played a major role in Japan’s efforts in WWII.
4Background Information Japan begins to attack countries in East AsiaIncluding China (Manchuria)Invades Other EastAsian countries:ThailandPhilippinesGuamBurma (Myanmar)BorneoHong KongManila
5World War II Limited to the European Theatre until Pearl Harbor Allies: U.S., France, U.K., Soviet UnionAxis: Germany, Italy, Japan
11World War II Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and the Pacific Rim War began Japan would not surrender and fought to the deathKamikaze pilots became a standard for the Japanese military
12The Bombing of JapanJapan extremely weak after repeated battles, but continues fightingAttack on the USS Indianapolis by Japan (881 men died) was the deciding factor for US to use the Atomic BombUS decides to end the warThe U.S. drops atomic bombs on Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ending WWIIAugust 6, Hiroshima, Japan was bombedAugust 9, 1945 Nagasaki, Japan was bombed
13The Enola Gay was the B29 Bomber that dropped the first Atomic Bomb.
17Japan Surrenders The Japanese surrendered in September of 1945. Their country had been reduced to rubble.Industries and farms were destroyed.The government was in shambles and the people were demoralized.The Emperor had been exposed as an ordinary mortal rather than the god the Japanese people had believed him to be.Video clip: Japan surrenders
18The U.S. Occupation of Japan After WWII, Japan was placed under international control of the Allies.General Douglas MacArthur, the American commander of the occupied forces, was given the job of putting Japan back on its feet.He was expected to create a Japan that would guarantee it would not pose a military threat to other countries in the future.MacArthur wanted Japan to have a democratic government, but he also appreciated the important place the Japanese emperor occupied in the Japanese culture.
19Why did the U.S. help rebuild Japan? Stop the spread of communism throughout AsiaPromote democracy in the region by reforming Japan’s monarchy into a constitutional monarchyImprove Japan’s economy in order to trade with Japan and sell US products to Japan’s market
20The U.S. Occupation of Japan MacArthur helps rebuild Japan and focuses on three areas:SocialPoliticalEconomic
21How did the U.S. help rebuild Japan? Social Reforms:Changed SchoolsRebuilt homesProvided SuppliesCitizens had to turn in weaponsOutlawed Martial ArtsEnglish as a second language
22How did the U.S. help rebuild Japan? Political Reforms:Government is no longer based on ShintoismJapan becomes a constitutional MonarchyParliamentary democracyEmperor is now a ceremonial leaderCan no longer declare warNo militaryEveryone can vote
24How did the U.S. help rebuild Japan? Economic Reforms:Changed economy from command to mixed/marketImprove infrastructureProvided loansRebuilt factoriesInvest in human and capital resources
25In Summary… Reforms POLITICAL Constitution New Constitutional Monarchy Emperor Strippedof PowerSuffrageWomen’sECONOMICInfrastructureImproveMarket EconomyInvest in Human andCapital ResourcesSOCIAL2nd languageEnglish asJapan adoptsUS culture
26The End of U.S. Occupation US ends their occupation of Japan in 1952.Japan is granted membership into the United Nations in 1957.
27Japan TodayU. S. financial support, along with the Japanese values of hard work lead to a period of great economic growth for Japan.The Tokyo Labor College was one of the many institutions created after the war in order to promote more equitable economic development than had existed before
28Japan represented a new market for American goods and services. This helped improve both country’s economies.
29Japan TodayToday, Japan has one of the most powerful industrialized economies in the world.Like the U.S., Japan encourages a market economy which motivates people to develop new ideas and expand businesses.
32Let’s Review!1. What U.S. General was put in charge of rebuilding Japan after WWII?2. What role did the U.S. play in rebuilding Japan after World War II?a. Helped Japan re-establish their emperor as leader with absolute power.b. Helped rebuild Japan’s army.c. Required Japan to pay war damages.d. Developed a plan to help Japan’s economy recover and re-wrote their constitution.3. What type of government did the U.S. set up in Japan following WWII?
33Let’s Review!4. What type of role did the emperor of Japan have in the new government?5. What new changes were written into Japan’s new constitution?a. Only men were allowed to vote.b. The emperor was no longer part of the government.c. Japan was not allowed to declare war on another country.d. Japan must maintain a strong military.
34From Dust to DominanceLook at your performance task, the Rebuilding of Japan ‘Dust to Dominance’ timeline and story and collaborate with a partner and try to tell the story in your own words in chronological order.
35EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF THEUNITED STATESIN THEREBUILDINGOF JAPANAFTERWORLD WAR IIJapan declares war on the U.S. by bombing the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. America then declares war on Japan and enters WWII.Japan is granted membership into the United Nations five years after a seven year U.S. occupation.Political, economic, and social reforms were introduced, such as a freely elected Japanese Diet (legislature) and universal adult suffrage (voting rights). Japan establishes a constitutional monarchy.U. S. financial support, along with the Japanese values of hard work lead to a period of great economic growth for Japan.The U.S. drops atomic bombs on Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ending WWII.Today Japan has one of the most powerful industrialized economies in the world. Like the U.S., Japan encourages a market economy which motivates people to develop new ideas and expand businesses.After WWII, Japan was placed under international control of the Allies through the Supreme Commander, General Douglas MacArthur.194520091955194719521941