Presentation on theme: "Pgs. 700-727. Failures of the World War I Peace Settlement Germany upset: blamed for the start of WWI, had to pay everyone back, stripped them of “German”"— Presentation transcript:
Failures of the World War I Peace Settlement Germany upset: blamed for the start of WWI, had to pay everyone back, stripped them of “German” countries Soviet Union: upset because their country was broken up to form Poland, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia. New democratic governments were soon taken over by dictators.
Soviet Union Joseph Stalin took over as leader when Lenin died. Wanted to create a model Communist state Agriculture and industry controlled by government Forced peasants to give up their farms and work on them for wages. By 1939 became the 3 rd largest industry based country in the World. Created a “police state” If you disagreed with the government you were exiled or killed. Totalitarianism – government that maintains complete control over its citizens
Italy Benito Mussolini leader Facisim: political movement that consisted of a strong, centralized government headed by a powerful dictator Totalitarianism
Germany Adolf Hitler Nazi’s : National Socialist German Workers’ Party Aryan Race Needed lebensraum “growing room” Created Third Reich 3 rd German Empire
Japan Wanted more “living space” for their people Invaded Manchuria, China and took it over. League of Nations did nothing to intervene and dictators took notice of it.
Aggression in Europe Germany: 1933 – Hitler pulled out of the League 1935 – began a military build up 1936 – sent troops to Rhineland 1936 - Rome - Berlin Axis Pact which was an alliance between Germany, Italy, and Russia. Italy Mussolini invaded and took over Ethiopia (League did nothing)
United States held fast to isolationism People felt that the United States had been dragged/tricked into entering WWI by bankers and arms dealers. Congress passed the Neutrality Acts: Outlawed arms sales or loans to any nation at war. Ban on arms sales to any country engaged in a Civil War. Neutrality breaks down Private group of Americans got involved in a Civil war being fought in Spain. (Facists vs. old government) Japan invaded China Because no war was declared United States sent supplies to China.
Austria and Czechoslovakia Fall Hitler met with Austrian chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg to meet with him. Schuschnigg bullied into signing an agreement to bring Austrian Nazi’s into his government. On March 12, 1938, German troops marched into Austria unopposed forcing Schuschnigg to resign. Hitler then turned to Sudetenland, a mountainous region inhabited by 3 million German-speaking people. (part of Czechoslovakia) France and Great Britain became alarmed Appeasement (gave up the land without a fight because Hitler said that he wouldn’t take over any more land.)
The German Offensive Poland was the next target for Hitler Had a heavy German-speaking population France and Britain said that they would help Poland if it was invaded. Stalin decided that he didn’t want to argue with Hitler over this issue so he agreed to a joint occupancy. Soviet Union and Germany signed a nonaggression pact – agreed not to attack each other.
Blitzkrieg in Poland Germany launched an attack on September 1, 1939. Blitzkrieg – lightning war Fighting was going on for 3 weeks before France and Britain helped. WWII had begun
After Poland was taken over, Stalin began to annex territories that were taken away from Soviet Union after WWII. The Fall of France France was taken over by Germany and led by a Nazi Charles de Gaulle was a French general who fled to Britain where he set up a government in exile.
The Battle of Britain Hitler wanted to take over Britain. Launched an air raid to destroy Britain Royal Air Force (BAF) BAF won because they had radar and were able to see when the planes were coming Germany gave up after losing many aircrafts. Prime Minister Winston Churchill saw this as a good victory.
When Hitler came to power he placed the blame of the depression and WWI loss on the Jewish population. Aryan Race was only acceptable race. Propaganda Posters, movies, etc. Brainwashed many people into believing misfits were evil and needed to be exterminated.
First measures Discrimination against Jews Boycotts, segregation, isolation Ghettos Soon Jews were forced to live in Ghettos so that they were completely segregated/isolated from society. Shipped to concentration camps Goal Extermination http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/ timeline.html
Ghettos Forced to pack up belongings and move into new living quarters Starvation Disease Unsanitary Cut off from outside