Presentation on theme: "The History of Perioperative Nursing"— Presentation transcript:
1 The History of Perioperative Nursing By: Ruth Crothers, RN BSN CNOR RNFA
2 Why Care About The History of Nursing? “You have to know who you are and where you come from.If you don’t know where you come from, how do you know where you are going?”F. Fleisher, The Jazz Singer-1980
3 Leg Surgery Performed in the Kitchen Eye Surgery in the City PlazaHand Washing & Boiling of Instruments Practiced Much Later
9 In 1891, rubber gloves were introduced and later the face mask was adopted Spanish-American War 1899
10 Positioning Patients in the 1800s Gyne Chair 1878OR Table 1850
11 OR Nursing Late 1800s Operating Room Theatre 1898 Operating Theatre 1897In 1901 the four blood groups were identified for blood transfusions.
12 OR Nursing in the 1890sThe student nurse was responsible for sterility of equipment.She prepared the room, scrubbed the floor and walls with antiseptics.Dressings were boiled, soaked and wrapped in antiseptic towels or large glass jars.She prepared everything that was needed including….
13 Surgical Supplies Hot water bottle Stimulants Clean towels Soft rags LintBasinsPailsHot and cold waterBranSticking plasterCarbonized waterIcePinsNeedlesSilkPetroleum jellySoapOil silkSpongesRubber blanketPillowSheet to cover patient
14 OR Nursing EducationThe nurse was to read no medical books. Nursing texts did not exist.“If she wishes to be a physician, she should go to medical school.”“Nurses who read medical books are overburdening their brains.”“In any case, any information read would not be remembered overnight.”
32 Nursing Images of Viet Nam War Capt Eleanor Grace Alexander, US Army, BSN, RN, Age 27Died in aircraft crash on 11/30/1967, Central Highlands, Republic of VietnamHer remains were guarded by Sgt W. J. Doyle, Jr, USAF, at Dover AFB, DE Mortuary
34 Student Nurses in the OR Most nursing curricula offered weeks perioperative experienceStudents were exposed to the practice of perioperative nursing
35 1984 Survey of 1400 Schools16.6% offered perioperative nursing in basic curriculum13.3% reported integration of perioperative nursing as elective67% had no perioperative contentVirtually no perioperative experience offered today.