Presentation on theme: "The History of Perioperative Nursing By: Ruth Crothers, RN BSN CNOR RNFA."— Presentation transcript:
The History of Perioperative Nursing By: Ruth Crothers, RN BSN CNOR RNFA
Why Care About The History of Nursing? “You have to know who you are and where you come from. If you don’t know where you come from, how do you know where you are going?” F. Fleisher, The Jazz Singer-1980
Leg Surgery Performed in the Kitchen Hand Washing & Boiling of Instruments Practiced Much Later Eye Surgery in the City Plaza
In 1891, rubber gloves were introduced and later the face mask was adopted Spanish-American War 1899
Positioning Patients in the 1800s OR Table 1850 Gyne Chair 1878
OR Nursing Late 1800s Operating Room Theatre 1898 Operating Theatre 1897 In 1901 the four blood groups were identified for blood transfusions.
OR Nursing in the 1890s The student nurse was responsible for sterility of equipment. She prepared the room, scrubbed the floor and walls with antiseptics. Dressings were boiled, soaked and wrapped in antiseptic towels or large glass jars. She prepared everything that was needed including….
Surgical Supplies Hot water bottle Stimulants Clean towels Soft rags Lint Basins Pails Hot and cold water Bran Sticking plaster Carbonized water Ice Pins Needles Silk Petroleum jelly Soap Oil silk Sponges Rubber blanket Pillow Sheet to cover patient
OR Nursing Education The nurse was to read no medical books. Nursing texts did not exist. “If she wishes to be a physician, she should go to medical school.” “Nurses who read medical books are overburdening their brains.” “In any case, any information read would not be remembered overnight.”
Nursing Images of Viet Nam War Capt Eleanor Grace Alexander, US Army, BSN, RN, Age 27 Died in aircraft crash on 11/30/1967, Central Highlands, Republic of Vietnam Her remains were guarded by Sgt W. J. Doyle, Jr, USAF, at Dover AFB, DE Mortuary
Student Nurses in the OR Most nursing curricula offered 12- 16 weeks perioperative experience Students were exposed to the practice of perioperative nursing
1984 Survey of 1400 Schools 16.6% offered perioperative nursing in basic curriculum 13.3% reported integration of perioperative nursing as elective 67% had no perioperative content Virtually no perioperative experience offered today.