Presentation on theme: "Global Situation on Disability MAINSTREAMING AND EMPOWERMENT OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN AFRICA 20 August 2008 Yukiko Nakanishi DPI-Japan/Asia Disability."— Presentation transcript:
Global Situation on Disability MAINSTREAMING AND EMPOWERMENT OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN AFRICA 20 August 2008 Yukiko Nakanishi DPI-Japan/Asia Disability Institute
MEDICAL MODEL SOCIAL MODEL charity Nothing about Us without Us based on Lech Wałęsa’s words
１ Before WWII dependent member of family ２ After WWII - 1950s and 1960s patient ３ 1970s person given separate care ４ 1980s person with dignity ５ 1990s person able to live independently ６ 2000 ~ person with rights Historical view towards persons with disabilities
１ Before WWII dependent member of family http://himitukiti.jp/hot/1.cgi?page=3 Japanese example
２ After WWII 1950s and 1960s Disabled person as patient Economic development PWD as worker Expansion of medical rehabilitation PT, OT, special education, orthoses, protheses Intensification of segregation Expanded family system was weakened. PWDs were left in hospitals Construction of institutions started even in developing countries
３ 1970s Disabled person given separate care Emergence of new concepts integration mainstreaming normalization inclusion
1971 Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons 1972The 1st independent living center started in California, USA 1975 Declaration of the Rights of Disabled Persons 1976Change of WHO policy from IBR to CBR based on PHC 1978Alma-Ata Declaration
４ 1980s Disabled person with dignity 1981 International Year of Disabled Persons from ”FOR” to “OF” Fu1l participation and equality Impairment, disability and handicap 1981 Birth of Disabled Peoples’ International Cross-disability organization
1982 World Program of Action Concerning Disabled Persons Prevention of disability Rehabilitation Equalization of opportunities 1983-1992UN Decade of Disabled Persons
from WPA Rehabilitation means a goal-oriented and time-limited process aimed at enabling an impaired person to reach an optimum mental, physical and/or social functional level, thus providing her or him with the tools to change her or his own life. It can involve measures intended to compensate for a loss of function or a functional limitation (for example by technical aids) and other measures intended to facilitate social adjustment or readjustment.
No More Traditional Concept of Rehabilitation Medical Rehabilitation Educational Rehabilitation Vocational Rehabilitation Social Rehabilitation
５ 1990s Disabled person able to live independently 1993 Standard Rules On the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities 1993-2002 Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 1994 The Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action
1999Birth of IDA (International Disability Alliance ） DPI : Disable Peoples‘ International IFHOH: International Federation of Hard of Hearing II : Inclusion International RI : Rehabilitation International WBU: World Blind Union WFD: World Federation of the Deaf WFDb: World Federation of The Deafblind WNUSP: World Network of the Users and Survivors of Psychiatry
2001 ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) ２００２ 1 st Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities 2003-2012 2nd Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 2006 Adoption of Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008 The Convention went into effect.
2001 ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) 20021 st Ad Hoc Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities 2003-2012 2nd Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 2006 Adoption of Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008 The Convention went into effect.
2000-2009 African Decade of Disabled Persons 2003 European Year of People with Disabilities 2004-2013 Arab Decade for Disabled Persons 1993-2002 Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 2003-2012 2nd Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 2006-2016 Decade of the Americans with for the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities
DPI Structure World Council (5+1)x5 Headquarters World Assembly every 4 years Africa Asia Pacific North America and Caribbean Europe Latin America Regional Development Office Regional Council Regional Assembly every 2 years Subregion National Assembly Middle EastAsia Pacific
DPI Asia-Pacific Region Shoji Nakanishi, Regional Chairperson / World Treasurer Ik Sup Lee, Korea Ghulam Nabi Nizamani, Pakistan Angeline Maharaj, Fiji Wong Nam Sang, Malaysia Late Topong Kulkhanchit, Regional Development Officer
DPI African Region Khalfan H. Khalfan, Regional Chairperson /World Deputy Chairperson for Development and Under-Represented Groups Khalfan H. Khalfan Zohra Rajah, Mauritius Zohra Rajah Maham B. El Kotob, Mauritania Rachel Kachaje, Malawi Gabriel A. Ondoua, Cameroon Alpha B. Diop, Guinea Maham B. El Kotob Rachel Kachaje Gabriel A. Ondoua Alpha B. Diop OR WHO?
Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 1993-2002 2003-2012
Strategies to promote the Decade 1 DPI`s initiative for the establishment 2 Cooperation with ESCAP 3 Signing of Proclamation on the Full Participation and Equality of People with Disabilities in the Asian and Pacific Region 4 Joint drafting of Agenda for Action for the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 5 Setting of targets and recommendations for the implementation of the Agenda 6 Convening of biennial meetings of national coordination committees on disability matters
1 DPI`s initiative for the establishment DPI moved China and Japan as main sponsor of the Decade proposal to be adopted at ESCAP 48th session in China in 1992 DPI`s lobbying to support the proposal at each country
2 Cooperation with ESCAP ESCAP Social Development Division supported DPI who wanted to start the Decade Working with self-help organizations in such projects as “Assistance to the development of self-help organizations of disabled persons”and“Promotion of non- handicapping environments”
3 Signing of Proclamation on the Full Participation and Equality of People with Disabilities in the Asian and Pacific Region 41 of 61 governments (including associate members) of the ESCAP region have signed the Proclamation on the Full Participation and Equality of People with Disabilities in the Asian and Pacific Region as of September 2001.
4 Joint drafting of Agenda for Action for the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons The original draft was circulated widely to ESCAP members and related NGOs for their input 28 governments and 9 UN organizations and many NGOs discussed the revised text at the UN Decade Evaluation meeting (eg. CBM, DPI, HKI, HI, RI, WBU, and many national/local NGOs)
Agenda for Action of the Decade 12 areas 1.National Coordination 2.Legislation 3.Information 4.Public awareness 5.Accessibility and communication 6.Education 7.Training and employment 8.Prevention of causes of disabilities 9.Rehabilitation services 10.Assistive devices 11.Self-help organizations 12.Regional cooperation
5 Setting of targets and recommendations for the implementation of the Agenda Prepare targets and recommendations for the implementation of each area of the Agenda at a regional review meeting in June 1995 to be endorsed by the 52th Commission session in April 1996 Effective tool to guide local-, provincial- and national-level action to achieve the Decade goal 73 targets proposed in 1995 which were increased to 107 in 1999
6 Convening of biennial meetings of national coordination committees on disability matters 1995 at Bangkok making targets 1997 at Seoul as Meeting of Senior Officials to Mark the Mid-point of the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons 1999 at Bangkok making 107 targets
2nd Decade 2003 – 2012 Proposed by DPI in 1999 as Asia-Pacific Movement for Freedom from Barriers BIWAKO MILLENNIUM FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION TOWARDS AN INCLUSIVE, BARRIER-FREE AND RIGHTS-BASED SOCIETY FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC 7 Priority Areas Each Area has critical issues and targets with specific time frames and actions follow. In all, 18 targets and 15 strategies supporting the achievement of all the targets are identified.
Achievements of the ２ nd Decade Provide basis to promote the convention ⇔ Insufficient monitoring the over all progress Give equal attention to the prioirty areas ⇔ Organization of meetings/workshops rather than implementation of projects The delicate relationship between Regional Decade and CRPD.