Munich Pact “We will have peace in our time”~British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain after negotiating peace with Hitler Hitler gets to keep all the countries in Europe he took over as long as he promises not to invade anymore countries
Kristallnacht Night of the Broken Glass November 9, 1938 Jewish owned stores, synagogues, homes were looted and burned by Nazi storm troopers as they shouted “Death to the Jews” and “Revenge for Paris”
Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki US bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan In total, 110,000 killed immediately; 100, 000’s would die in the years to follow of cancer and radiation poisoning
VJ Day- September 2, 1945 Japan surrenders agrees to dismantle its military and become a democracy
Occupation of Japan The US occupied Japan until 1952. A Constitutional Monarchy was established. The Japanese Constitution set up a parliament, The Diet, and protected civil liberties. Japan lost its overseas empire
Creation of the UN United Nations- International organization with member nations whose goal is to promote world peace Founded October 24, 1945
Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 3: Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.... Article 5: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.... Article 19: Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.... — The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
“Never Again” See Upfront, March 16, 2009- Op-ed piece- “Never Again, For Real”
Nuremberg Trials War crime trials held in Nuremburg after World War II to try the surviving Nazis concerning the Holocaust, aggressive war making, and mistreatment of prisoners among other things.
Occupation of Germany Germany was occupied by the Allied forces after WWII. Britain, France, and the US occupied West Germany and the Soviet Union occupied East Germany
Democracy in West Germany With the help of the West, Germany’s armed forces were disbanded, a democratic constitution was written, the Nazi Party was outlawed and Nazi war criminals were put on trial.
Creation of the State of Israel “... The Nazi holocaust, which engulfed millionsof Jews in Europe, proved anew the urgency of the re-establishment of the Jewish state, which would solve the problem of Jewish homelessness by opening the gates to all Jews and lifting the Jewish people to equality in the family of nations....” (Zionism)
Arms Race Source: Ellis and Esler,World History: Connections to Today, Prentice Hall, 2001 (adapted)
Capitalism v Communism Source: Student Artwork: Shaneekwa Miller, Fashion Industries High School (adapted)
Colonial Independence Movements and the Collapse of Imperialism Independence movements in colonies of the European powers gained momentum after WWII. Examples include India, Vietnam, and Rwanda. Some former colonies adopted communism as they blamed the West for their problematic history, thereby siding with the Soviet Union. Some sided with the US because they needed help to rebuild, and some, like India, followed a policy of non-alignment ( form no alliances).
Connections to Today Age of Terrorism Global Warming
Global Warming Source: Dan Wasserman, Tribune Media Services, Inc