Invasion of USSR - Operation Barbarossa (June – October 1941) Hitler invades Russia with over 3 million men & 4,000 tanks, supported by the Luftwaffe 3 Army groups invade: Army Group North: Leningrad Army Group Centre: Moscow Army Group South: Stalingrad Hitler’s target was the oil-rich region of the Caucasus
Operation Uranus Soviet troops encircle StalingradGeneral Von Paulus in Stalingrad
Battle of the Kursk (4 th – 20 th July 1943) Between 4 th & 20 th July, Hitler committed over 900,000 soldiers, 10,000 artillery guns, 2,700 tanks and 2,000 aircraft, hoping to counteract the Soviet offense that was pushing gradually westwards from 1943 on. It failed to surround the Soviet tanks and infantry which numbered 1.3 million soldiers, 20,000 artillery pieces, 3,600 tanks and 2,400 planes
Phase III: D-Day – Fall of Berlin (6 th June 1944 – 8 th May 1945)
The Holocaust By the end of WWII, after the concentration & extermination camps were liberated throughout occupied Europe, it was estimated that over 6 million Jews had been murdered as part of ‘The Final Solution’; the plan to eradicate all Jews from Europe between 1942 & 1945.