Fascism- Political philosophy that places importance of the nation over that of the individual 1. Rulers should have total power 2. People are by nature bad, and need to be ruled with an iron fist. 3. The individual is less important than the state. 4. *** Racism in Hitler’s case
Isoroku Yamamoto was the commander-in-chief of Japanese Forces during World War II, Hirohito / Emperor Shōwa
Chapter 17 WWII The Aggression Begins I Japan Attacks Manchuria A. 1931 B. Why? For oil. (They had a shortage because of Geography, and a depression made it hard to import.) C. US response Stimson Doctrine- US denounced the attack, and would not recognize these territorial gains. D. Stimson Doctrine had no effect and Japan set up a Puppet State. E. Japan then left the League of Nations and built up their navy.
Manchurian Incident September 18, 1931, Manchurian Incident, occurred in southern Manchuria when a section of railroad, owned by Japan's South Manchuria Railway, near Mukden (today's Shenyang) was dynamited by Japanese junior officers. Imperial Japan's military accused Chinese dissidents of the act, thus providing a excuse for the Japanese occupation of Manchuria
Chapter 17 WWII The Aggression Begins II Italy November 8, 1935 Italy Attacks Ethiopia A. Why? Italy wanted to restore the glory of the Roman Empire B. Battle was very lopsided C. League of Nations could not decide on action
Italian troops fortify a position in Ethiopia on November 8, 1935
Chapter 17 WWII The Aggression Begins III Germany A. Hitler Arms the Rhineland B. 1933 soon after Hitler gained power he pulled Germany out of the League of Nations & secretly began to build up its armed forces. C. 1935 announced to the world that Germany would rearm. D. 1936 sent troops into the Rhineland