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WWII Chapters 35-36. Benito Mussolini Italy Italy Fascism Fascism State more important than peopleState more important than people Strong gov’t. with.

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Presentation on theme: "WWII Chapters 35-36. Benito Mussolini Italy Italy Fascism Fascism State more important than peopleState more important than people Strong gov’t. with."— Presentation transcript:

1 WWII Chapters 35-36

2 Benito Mussolini Italy Italy Fascism Fascism State more important than peopleState more important than people Strong gov’t. with dictatorStrong gov’t. with dictator Individual has no rightsIndividual has no rights

3 Josef Stalin Soviet Union Soviet Union Communist nation (1917)Communist nation (1917)

4 Adolf Hitler Germany Germany Used fascism w/racism Used fascism w/racism Blonde, blue-eyed were superior Blonde, blue-eyed were superior National Socialist German Worker’s Party National Socialist German Worker’s Party Swastika Swastika Goals: Goals: Rebuild GermanyRebuild Germany Tear up Treaty of VersaillesTear up Treaty of Versailles Conquer EuropeConquer Europe Destroy JewsDestroy Jews

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6 Jewish Treatment No rights No rights Harassed and mistreated Harassed and mistreated Isolated and enslaved Isolated and enslaved Eliminated Eliminated

7 “Kristallnacht” Nov. 9-10, 1938 Nov. 9-10, ,000 Jews murdered 1,000 Jews murdered 26,000 Jews sent to camps 26,000 Jews sent to camps Night of Broken Night of Broken Glass Glass

8 Road to War Democracy threatened Democracy threatened Aggression/tension ↑ Aggression/tension ↑ Dictatorships increasing Dictatorships increasing Difficulty remaining isolated Difficulty remaining isolated U.S. isolationU.S. isolation

9 Neutrality Acts ( ) No sale of munitions to warring nations No sale of munitions to warring nations Unlawful for Ams. to travel on warring countries ships Unlawful for Ams. to travel on warring countries ships Authorize President to list commodities to be sold (Cash-and-Carry only) Authorize President to list commodities to be sold (Cash-and-Carry only)

10 German Advancement 1938: Austria 1938: Austria Munich Pact (9/38) Munich Pact (9/38) Czechs give Sudetenland to GermanyCzechs give Sudetenland to Germany March 1939: Czechoslovakia March 1939: Czechoslovakia Sept. 1, 1939: Poland Sept. 1, 1939: Poland April-June 1940: Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, Lux., France April-June 1940: Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, Lux., France

11 Selective Service Act Sept 1940 Sept 1940 First peacetime draft First peacetime draft All men ages All men ages year active service 1 year active service

12 1940 Election Candidates Party Affiliation Popular Vote Electoral Vote FDRDemocrat27,307, WillkieRepublican22,321,01882

13 Lend-Lease Act (March 1941) $7 billion to GB/Allies (by end of war $50 billion) $7 billion to GB/Allies (by end of war $50 billion) Sell or lease commodities to any country whose defense was vital to U.S. defense Sell or lease commodities to any country whose defense was vital to U.S. defense

14 U.S./Japan Relations 7/41: Embargo on oil, tools, iron & steel 7/41: Embargo on oil, tools, iron & steel Froze Japanese assets in U.S. Froze Japanese assets in U.S. 11/41: Peace mission to U.S. 11/41: Peace mission to U.S. 3 demands3 demands 1. Unfreeze assets 1. Unfreeze assets 2. Lift embargo 2. Lift embargo 3. Cease aid to China 3. Cease aid to China

15 Pearl Harbor Naval, Air Force base Naval, Air Force base Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941 Sunday, Dec. 7, :55 am & 8:50 am 7:55 am & 8:50 am Am. losses Am. losses Almost all planesAlmost all planes 8 battleships8 battleships +2,300 killed, 2,000 wounded+2,300 killed, 2,000 wounded Dec. 8, 1941: U.S. declares war on Japan

16 Internment Camps 110,000 Japanese-Americans placed in camps 110,000 Japanese-Americans placed in camps 1988: $20,000 to all survivors 1988: $20,000 to all survivors

17 OPA Office of Price Administration Office of Price Administration Fought inflation by freezing wages, prices, and rents Fought inflation by freezing wages, prices, and rents Rationed foods, such as meat, butter, cheese, vegetables, sugar and coffee Rationed foods, such as meat, butter, cheese, vegetables, sugar and coffee

18 NWLB National War Labor Board National War Labor Board Limited wage increases Limited wage increases Kept unions stable, forbid workers from changing unions Kept unions stable, forbid workers from changing unions Paid vacations, pensions, and medical insurance Paid vacations, pensions, and medical insurance

19 WPB War Production Board War Production Board Rationed fuel and materials vital to the war effort, such as gas, heating oil, metals, rubber, and plastics Rationed fuel and materials vital to the war effort, such as gas, heating oil, metals, rubber, and plastics

20 Manhattan Project Scientist: J. Robert Oppenheimer Scientist: J. Robert Oppenheimer Tested July 16, 1945 (Alamogordo, NM) Tested July 16, 1945 (Alamogordo, NM) Atomic bomb Atomic bomb

21 D-Day (June 6, 1944) “Operation Overlord” “Operation Overlord” 176,000 Ams. 176,000 Ams. 4,000 landing craft 4,000 landing craft 600 warships 600 warships 11,000 planes 11,000 planes Allies victory Allies victory

22 1944 Election Candidate Party Affiliation Popular Vote Electoral Vote FDR/TrumanDemocrat25,606, Dewey/Bricker22,014,74599

23 April 12, 1945 FDR dead FDR dead

24 April 30, 1945 Hitler commits suicide Hitler commits suicide

25 May 8, 1945 V-E Day V-E Day w.history.c om/media. do?id=tdih _may08_b roadband& action=clip

26 Hiroshima August 6, 1945 August 6, 1945 Enola Gay Enola Gay Pilot: Paul Tibbets Pilot: Paul Tibbets Bomb: “Little Boy” Bomb: “Little Boy” 140,000 dead by end of year 140,000 dead by end of year

27 Nagasaki August 9, 1945 August 9, 1945 Bomb: “Fat Man” Bomb: “Fat Man” 70,000 dead by end of year 70,000 dead by end of year

28 V-J Day August 15, 1945 August 15, 1945 USS Missouri USS Missouri


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