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What explains an increase in personal income in 1941?

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Presentation on theme: "What explains an increase in personal income in 1941?"— Presentation transcript:

1 What explains an increase in personal income in 1941?

2 What were the causes and effects of WWII?

3 What is this graphic measuring? What explains the graphic from 1929 to 1933? Why is the year 2000 included? What explains the graphic from 1933 to 1937?

4 Benito Mussolini (1922) Adolf Hitler (1933) Joseph Stalin (1924) Francisco Franco (1939) Hideki Tojo (1941) I. WWII Background: 1920s and 1930s -Failure of Treaty of Versailles to make a lasting peace -Worldwide Great Depression -Rise of totalitarian dictators making “promises” to their people -Strong isolationist sentiment around world— no more war -Failure of League of Nations to stop dictators ITALYSoviet UnionGermanySpainJapan

5 Case in Point: Adolf Hitler WWI Outraged at German defeat- pledges revenge Blames Jews “stab in the back” theory

6 Case in Point: Adolf Hitler WWI Outraged at German defeat- pledges revenge Blames Jews “stab in the back” theory “Promises” “Freedom and Bread” Nazi Party: National Pride Pro-Military Anti-Semitic Working Class

7 Case in Point: Adolf Hitler WWI Outraged at German defeat- pledges revenge Blames Jews “stab in the back” theory “Promises” “Freedom and Bread” Nazi Party: National Pride Pro-Military Anti-Semitic Working Class Failure of League of Nations World looks the other way as Hitler re-builds German military and annexes Austria takes Czechoslovakia…

8 Czechoslovakia Austria– “Anschluss”

9 II. WWII: TRIGGER WWII began with Hitler’s invasion of Poland (1939), followed shortly after by the Soviet Union’s invasion of Poland from the east and the Baltic countries – divided Poland. Blitzkrieg (“lightning war”)

10 During 1 st two years of war, U.S. remains officially neutral as Germany overran France and most of Europe. June 23, 1940—Hitler tours Paris Hitler continues reign of terror…

11 July-October 1940 Battle of Britain- German Luftwaffe (airforce) attack British targets. British people suffer, but RAF pilots fights back and a frustrated Hitler calls off attack. “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.” Winston Churchill

12 In 1941, Hitler turned on his former partner and invaded the Soviet Union.

13 What is America’s role during the 1 st two years of WWII? U.S. is “officially neutral” for first 2 years but….

14 Lend-Lease Act- U.S. gives Britain war supplies and old naval warships in return for military bases in Bermuda and Caribbean. “lending a garden hose to a next-door neighbor whose house is on fire.” Franklin Roosevelt

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16 Lend-Lease … “the great arsenal of democracy.” FDR

17 III. WWII: U.S. Entry 1930s Japan sought military and economic domination over Asia-- invaded Manchuria and China

18 III. WWII: U.S. Entry U.S. refused to recognize Japanese conquests. Imposed an embargo on exports of oil and steel---tensions rise.

19 While negotiating with U.S. and without warning, Japan carried out an air attack on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii— Dec. 7, III. WWII: U.S. Entry 1 ½ hours: 180 Japanese warplanes 2,403 Americans dead 1,178 Americans wounded 21 ships battleships 300 aircraft

20 Japan destroyed much of the American Pacific fleet and killed several thousand Americans. Congress declares war on Japan. III. WWII: U.S. Entry “…a date that will live in infamy.” FDR

21 U.S.S. Arizona Memorial- In memory of nearly 1,000 servicemen trapped inside on Dec. 7, Dorie Miller- USS West Virginia Navy Cross for bravery

22 1.What were 2 background causes of WWII? 2.What did Adolf Hitler promise the German people in the 1930s? 3.What event “triggered” the beginning of WWII in Europe? 4.What year did WWII begin in Europe? 5.What was the Battle of Britain? 6.What country did Hitler invade in 1941, breaking his short-term pact with this country? 7. What was the U.S. role during the first two years of WWII? 8. “lending a garden hose to a neighbor whose house is on fire” is FDR’s words referring to what U.S. policy? Define. 9.What does Japan do in the 1930s and how does the U.S. react? 10. What event brought the U.S. into WWII? 11. What is the date that FDR said “would live in infamy?” WWII: PRACTICE QUIZ

23 Anti-Japanese prejudice on West Coast False belief that Japanese Americans were aiding the enemy IV. WWII: U.S. Homefront

24 110,000 Japanese Americans were relocated to internment camps

25 Why were most “internment camps” located in the WEST?

26 Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)- Supreme Court upheld decision, “military necessity.”

27 Public apology was eventually issued by the U.S. gov’t. Financial payment of $20,000 promised to each Japanese- American survivor. “We can never fully right the wrongs of the past. But we can take a clear stand for justice and recognize that serious injustices were done to Japanese Americans during WWII.” George Bush (1990)

28 IV. WWII: U.S. Homefront How did the U.S. organize and distribute its resources to achieve victory during WWII? Economic Resources Human Resources Military Resources

29 Economic Resources: U.S. gov’t and industry forged close relationship

30 Economic Resources: U.S. gov’t and industry forged close relationship Rationing was used to maintain supply of essential products What does this poster encourage you to save?

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32 Economic Resources: U.S. gov’t and industry forged close relationship Rationing was used to maintain supply of essential products War Bonds and income tax to finance war What symbols encourage Americans to buy War Bonds?

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35 Economic Resources: U.S. gov’t and industry forged close relationship Rationing was used to maintain supply of essential products War Bonds and income tax to finance war Business retooled from peace time to wartime (cars to tanks) What factory method does is this image demonstrate?

36 IV. WWII: U.S. Homefront How did the U.S. organize and distribute its resources to achieve victory during WWII? Economic Resources Human Resources Military Resources

37 Human Resources: 6 million women replaced men in factories (Rosie the Riveter)

38 Human Resources: 6 million women replaced men in factories (Rosie the Riveter) 2 million minority workers move to cities for jobs

39 Human Resources: 6 million women replaced men in factories (Rosie the Riveter) 2 million minority workers move to cities for jobs Women and minorities fight to end discriminatory practices

40 Human Resources: 6 million women replaced men in factories (Rosie the Riveter) 2 million minority workers move to cities for jobs Women and minorities fight to end discriminatory practices Citizens volunteer support What is this boy doing to support the war effort?

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43 IV. WWII: U.S. Homefront How did the U.S. organize and distribute its resources to achieve victory during WWII? Economic Resources Human Resources Military Resources

44 Military Resources: Draft / selective service to gain personnel (10 million)

45 Military Resources: Draft / selective service to gain personnel (10 million) Censorship in reporting war

46 Military Resources: Draft / selective service to gain personnel (10 million) Censorship in reporting war Public morale and ad campaigns kept America focused on war

47 Military Resources: Draft / selective service to gain personnel (10 million) Censorship in reporting war Public morale and ad campaigns kept America focused on war Movies, plays, shows, boosted morale and patriotic support for war and portrayed enemy in stereotypical ways

48 Daffy Duck: The Commando In what way does the cartoon depict the Nazis?

49 ALLIES: “Big Three”- U.S. (FDR) Great Britain (Winston Churchill) Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin) WWII: CHART

50 ALLIES: “Big Three”- U.S. (FDR) Great Britain (Winston Churchill) Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin) *** “Hitler First” (Europe First) Pacific- “Island Hopping,” seize islands to get closer to Japan. Use islands as military bases Cut off Japanese supplies through submarine warfare against Japanese shipping. WWII: CHART

51 ALLIES: “Big Three”- U.S. (FDR) Great Britain (Winston Churchill) Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin) AXIS: Tripartite Pact (1940)- Germany (Adolf Hitler) Italy (Benito Mussolini) Japan (Emperor Hirohito, but really Hideki Tojo in charge) *** “Hitler First” (Europe First) Pacific- “Island Hopping,” seize islands to get closer to Japan. Use islands as military bases Cut off Japanese supplies through submarine warfare against Japanese shipping. WWII: CHART

52 ALLIES: “Big Three”- U.S. (FDR) Great Britain (Winston Churchill) Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin) AXIS: Tripartite Pact (1940)- Germany (Adolf Hitler) Italy (Benito Mussolini) Japan (Emperor Hirohito, but really Hideki Tojo in charge) *** “Hitler First” (Europe First) Pacific- “Island Hopping,” seize islands to get closer to Japan. Use islands as military bases Cut off Japanese supplies through submarine warfare against Japanese shipping. Germany- Defeat Soviet Union quickly and gain its oil fields. Force Britain out through bombing and submarine warfare before U.S. entered (Battle of Britain) Japan- Cripple America’s military (Pearl Harbor) Invade Philippines Indonesia, Australia, Hawaii. Force America to accept Japanese predominance in Pacific and S.E. Asia. WWII: CHART


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