2Allied vs. Axis Powers Allied Powers: Great Britain, France, USA, Soviet UnionAxis Powers:Germany, Italy, Japan
3Selective Service U.S. Fought WWII in two fronts; Atlantic & Pacific 5 million volunteers not enough to effectively wage warSelective Service added 10 million soldiersWhat was the role of women & minorities in the war effort?
4Women in WWII Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) Allowed women volunteers to join the military and serve in non-combat positionsHow did women help out on the home front during WWII?Took over jobs left behind by men
5Minorities & WWII WWII created problems in armed forces As minorities rushed to enlist the military was pressured to end discrimination & segregationDespite poor treatment many minority groups continued to serve in U.S. Military
6A. Philip RandolphOrganized march on Washington to protest discrimination in military & industryMet with FDR who issued order for end of discrimination in industryWhy was it so important to end discrimination in industry during WWII?
7Industry during WWII“Rosie the Riveter”Many African-Americans & women work industrial jobs for the first timeSupport for war time industries just as important as support for war itselfWomen and Minorities proved they are just as capable in factory work as white men
8Economic Conversion Economy must shift to totally support war effort Factories converted to war productionMechanical pencils = bomb partsBedspreads = mosquito netsLess chrome on carsIncreased ship building
9Rationing & Price Controls Rationing of rare goods to conserve resources during WWIIMeat, sugar, coffeeShoes, metal, gasolinePrice controls to stop inflationWar Production Board (WPB) Rationed fuel & materials vital to war effortOffice of Price Administration (OPA) fought wartime inflation by freezing wages, prices and rent
10Japanese InternmentAfter Pearl Harbor many innocent Japanese Americans are sent to internment campsHypocritical?Many Americans falsely thought Japanese immigrants were spies110,000 Japanese Americans put in 10 “relocation centers”, mostly on the West Coast
11German BlitzkriegNazi military Strategy, quick moving military attacksBased on surprise and use of overwhelming force
12Battle for the Atlantic Hitler order’s U-boat attacks on U.S. shipsHitler’s goal was to cut off Europe from U.S. suppliesAllies use convoy ships with sonar to defeat Axis powers and take control of Atlantic
13D-Day June 6, 1944 Began the Battle of Normandy 3 million allied troops invade Nazi controlled Northern FranceCommanded by Dwight D. EisenhowerLand-Sea-Air assaultAllies liberate France from German control
15The Fall of BerlinApril of 1945 the Soviet Army marches into Berlin, Germany’s capitalGerman citizens and the gov’t panickedHitler commits suicideMay 8, 1945 Allies celebrate V-E dayFDR dies on April 12, 1945
16War in the Pacific Early on Japan dominate the Pacific WWII theater U.S. Navy is devastated from surprise attack on Pearl HarborBattle of Midway is the turning pointAllies slowly begin to take territory back from Japanese & move closer to Japan
17Battle of Midway June 3, 1942 Turning point in the Pacific War Allies break Japanese code & knew the small island of Midway was next targetCaught Japanese off guard & destroyed 4 aircraft carriers and 250 combat planes
18How does the United States end WWII in the Pacific? What are the scientific, economic, and military implications of using nuclear warfare?
19The Atomic Bomb Dropped Hiroshima & Nagasaki, Japan Why did U.S. feel forced to use nuclear weapons?Why was FDR not apart of this process?Who became President after FDR died?Harry Truman200,000 people die in Japan
20WWII Propaganda For each poster answer the following two questions: Who is the poster’s target audience?Most important/appealing aspect of the posterAfter viewing all the posters answer the following question:Which Poster is most effective in getting its message across?