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US Entry into WWII 1935-1941. Possible Reasons for US Involvement Defending the world against fascism Stopping the German holocaust Revenge against the.

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Presentation on theme: "US Entry into WWII 1935-1941. Possible Reasons for US Involvement Defending the world against fascism Stopping the German holocaust Revenge against the."— Presentation transcript:

1 US Entry into WWII

2 Possible Reasons for US Involvement Defending the world against fascism Stopping the German holocaust Revenge against the Japanese Promoting democracy/freedom in the world Protecting American economic/strategic allies Important date: December 7, 1941

3 Defending the world against fascism US firmly entrenched in isolationism US fails to act in major conflicts Japan invades Manchuria (1931) Rape of Nanking US begin embargo 1937/cuts trade 1939 Italy invades Ethiopia (1935) Fascist side with the Spanish Nationalists ( ) Guernica Congress passes Neutrality Acts ( ) Did not include oil/steel Europeans rely on policy of appeasement to stop Hitler Austria (1938) Czechoslovakia (1938-9) Poland (1939)

4 Defending the world against fascism After France/Britain declare war, US begins to make policy changes 1939 Repeal neutrality acts “Cash and Carry policy” France falls 1940 Destroyers for bases deal (1940) Bombing campaigns of Britain (1941) Lend Lease Act (1941) Atlantic Charter (August 1941) US/Britain meet in secret to discuss war goals Charter becomes basis for United Nations

5 Stopping the German holocaust Germany had for years shown increasing hostility towards their Jewish population and other minorities Nuremberg Laws ( ) Kristallnacht (November 1938) Final Solution (1939 on) US knew of Hitler’s plans Jewish refugees flee to US US increased immigration restrictions St. Louis Request to bomb death camps denied US propaganda refuses to acknowledge death camps, US troops shocked to find mass graves/survivors

6 Revenge against Japan Pearl Harbor draws the US into the war Previous provocations had failed (Greer incident) Becomes dominant propaganda theme Japan was a clear threat Taken several US territories Directly attacked US soil (1 st time since 1812) US chose to focus attention on Europe Strategy attack Europe before focusing on Japan US moves to Northern Africa first Protect British and French colonies Planned assault of Italy then attack from England Angered USSR allies Turning point in Europe: Stalingrad in 1943

7 Promoting democracy/freedom in the world US helps Britain/France regain colonial possessions Promises France to help regain colonies in Southeast Asia (Vietnam) US occupations after the war Japan Germany (power struggle with USSR) US blocks democratic socialist movements across Europe Election in France Greek Civil War Turkey


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