3Today in class… We will… You will be able to… Language Social Studies Identify the key events, people and locations of WWII.You will be able to…Social StudiesLanguageDefine: Appeasement, BlitzkriegAxis PowersAnalyze a political cartoon.Describe the impact of the worldwide depression on Japan, Italy and Germany.Describe the actions of Germany, Italy and Japan that led to WWII.Identify key people of WWII and their importance.NEXT TIME/SOON:
4Appeasement - Giving in to a more aggressive country in order to avoid war
5Blitzkrieg "Lightning War" Germany’s war strategy of intense bombing followed quickly by waves of tanks and infantry
6Axis PowersCountries that fought on the same side as Germany in WWII
7Effects of the Worldwide Depression Japan, Italy, & Germany 1930’s
8Japan Government was blamed when the Great Depression hit. Military then took over the countryExtreme nationalistsBelieved they could solve economic problems through expansionDecided to create a Pacific EmpireThis way they could get raw materials, have markets for its goods, and new homes for its people as the population was growing
9Japan Expands Manchuria: Taken by Japan in 1931 China: Attacked by Japan in 1937Treaty of Portsmouth, (Sept. 5 [Aug. 23, Old Style], 1905), peace settlement signed at Kittery, Maine, U.S., ending the Russo-Japanese War of According to the terms of the treaty, which was mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, the defeated Russians recognized Japan as the dominant power in Korea and turned over their leases of Port Arthur and the Liaotung Peninsula, as well as the southern half of Sakhalin Island, to Japan. Both powers agreed to restore Manchuria to China.This way they could get raw materials, have markets for its goods, and new homes for its people as the population was growing
10ItalyMussolini sees Japan’s success and takes Ethiopia in order to expand.
11Germany Goes against the Treaty of Versailles Rebuilds armed forces Beginning in March 1935Rebuilds armed forcesStarts in 1934!Germany moves troops into the Rhineland
12League of Nations Condemns actions of Japan, Italy and Germany But … they could not back it up!No armyUSA did not join
13Tripartite Pact Alliance between Germany, Italy, & Japan Became known as the Axis PowersOctober 1936: Germany & Italy form an allianceNovember 1936: Japan joins
14AppeasementBritain and France practiced appeasement prior to the start of World War II.Britain & France allowed Germany to do what it wanted (appeasement).To appease is to please.
15Appeasement1936: Germany reoccupies the Rhineland > Britain condemns Germany.1938: Germany takes over Austria > Britain allows it, but makes Germany promise not to take over anymore territory.1939: Germany invades Czechoslovakia > Britain & France condemn Germany’s actions.
16Munich ConferenceSeptember 29, 1938: Meeting between France, Britain, Germany, & ItalyGermany was given land & Germany promised not to take anymore landHitler is given theSudetenland6 months later Hitlertakes the rest ofCzechoslovakia
17Non-Aggression Pact Agreement between Hitler & Stalin Germany & USSR become alliesAgreed that they would split Poland
18Germany invades Poland September 1, 1939Germany invades PolandGerman planes came in and bombed while the infantry attacked from the ground.Warsaw, the capital of Poland was bombed relentlessly.The city was destroyed.Two days later, France and Britain decided to declare war on Germany once they invaded Poland.But Poland still fell within a few weeks, because Britain and France were not ready to respond militarily.
19The invasion of Poland caused Britain and France to declare war The invasion of Poland caused Britain and France to declare war. World War II officially starts.YouTube - Germany Invades Poland-France and Britain Declares War
20Blitzkrieg!YouTube - Germany Invades Poland-France and Britain Declares War
21On April 9th, 1940, Hitler invaded Denmark and Norway. Denmark was defeated in 4 hours.Norway was defeated after a couple of months.Hitler used these lands so that he could build bases along the coast from which he could attack Britain.
22Invasion of France on June 3, 1940 Signed treaty in same place as TOVInvasion of France on June 3, 1940
23Atonement - Elegy For Dunkirk - YouTube May 26-June 4Dunkirk evacuation, code named Operation Dynamo it took place from may 26 to June In nine days, more than three hundred thousand (338,226) soldiers — 218,226 British and 120,000 French were rescued by a hastily assembled fleet of about seven hundred boats. These craft included the famous "Little Ships of Dunkirk These small craft ferried troops from the beaches to larger ships waiting offshore.
24June 10: Italy joins Germany & attacks France from the south June 14: Paris fallsJune 22: France surrendersThe Germans took control of the Northern part of the country and let the southern part be ruled by a puppet government.
25On June 16, 1940, the French cabinet voted to ask Germany for armistice terms. In order to completely humiliate the French, Hitler insisted on receiving their surrender inside the same railroad car in which the Germans had surrendered to the Allies at the end of World War I.
27Economic & Political Causes of WWII Aggression by totalitarian powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan)NationalismFailures of the Treaty of VersaillesWeakness of the League of NationsAppeasementTendencies towards isolationism and pacifism (peace loving) in Europe and the U.S.
28Partner WorkBattles and Events chart - Use your notes to fill in 1 and 2Label the map (1-9) and color code it for Axis powers, Axis control, Allied nations, Neutral nations – Purple textbook, pg. 438Complete the Exit Ticket (political cartoon) and turn in before you leaveComplete Good Guys/Bad Guys chart using pictures in the hall (can be done in Pride)Axis Control: Netherlands, Belgium, Poland, Norway, Finland, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece.Axis Powers: Germany, ItalyAllied Nations: Great Britain, Russia, Saudi Arabia, EgyptNeutral Nations: Portugal, Spain, Turkey, Sweden, Ireland