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World War 2 The devastating effects of world- wide depression and Treaty of Versailles led to rise of totalitarian regimes. German, Italian, and Japanese.

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Presentation on theme: "World War 2 The devastating effects of world- wide depression and Treaty of Versailles led to rise of totalitarian regimes. German, Italian, and Japanese."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War 2 The devastating effects of world- wide depression and Treaty of Versailles led to rise of totalitarian regimes. German, Italian, and Japanese aggression led to a major war involving most world powers. Following WW2, two superpowers emerged leading to a Cold War.

2 World War II

3 The World After the Great War

4 Treaty of Versailles Humiliated Germany by forcing to pay reparations, accept guilt, demilitarize, give up land and colonies Reparations left Germany in debt

5 Treaty of Versailles Established League of Nations: –Organization of 42 nations who met to work out problems of world & avoid future wars, BUT… –Had no military so League could not enforce any of its laws –Did not include US (voted against signing treaty & League of Nations because did not want to be involved in future European problems)

6 Countries Destroyed Great Britain: –After the Great War, England was no longer the leading economic power in the world; war caused large debt & had to borrow from US

7 Countries Destroyed France: –Most of fighting during war took place in France & Germany; war destroyed villages, farms, forests –Huge war debts meant that France could not rebuild quickly Maginot Line –Built Maginot Line between France & Germany to protect from future invasions

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10 Countries Destroyed Italy: –Mad about Versailles Treaty because did not get land on Adriatic Coast –Unemployment grew in Italy after the war; led to riots & strikes

11 Countries Destroyed Germany: –New Weimar Republic created at Versailles, but seen as traitors; political instability & military coups threatened overthrow of Weimar government –In 1922 Germany declared could not pay reparations inflation –Printed more money, led to massive inflation (money value decreased)

12 Countries Destroyed Russia: –By 1921, Russians had experienced the Great War, Russian Revolution, & a Civil War –27 million Russians were killed as a result of these wars –Russia’s economy was broke

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14 Between WWI & WWII, the European countries that fought in the Great War were in debt & were slowly able to rebuild The USA & Japan emerged from the Great War with wealth & prosperity because both had traded with Allies during war In USA, the 1920s were a great time

15 New innovations were made in psychology, physics, art, and transportation: –Sigmund Freud created new ideas in psychology; believed that human mind had conscious & subconscious thoughts that affect peoples’ behavior & mental illness

16 Sigmund Freud

17 Albert Einstein created new ideas in physics (many disproved Newton’s ideas); believed light traveled at constant speed; believed space & time were not constant, but moved relative to other objects (Theory of Relativity); believed all matter could be transferred to energy (E=mc 2 )

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19 cubism Pablo Picasso revolutionized art by creating cubism (abstract form of art using geometric shapes) surrealism Salvador Dali utilized surrealism in art (using of dream-like images & unnatural objects); based on Freud’s ideas

20 Pablo Picasso Salvador Dali

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23 Other technological innovations changed human life: –Cars became easy to buy & became a common purchase; paved highways built to connect places –First commercial air travel –Radio allowed people to hear news & entertainment

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25 Economic Depression In 1929, the US Stock Market crashed margin –investors were buying on margin (pay for only part of a stock), lenders called in loans which led to panic; banks collapsed; workers lost jobs (Great Depression in US) No money for investment in Europe; European banks collapsed; led to world-wide economic depression

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27 Affects of Conditions Bad conditions led to rise of totalitarian regimes in Europe: –Fascists –Fascists in Italy under Mussolini –Nazis –Nazis in Germany under Hitler –Communists –Communists in Russia under Lenin & Stalin


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